The biggest share of the gross domestic product of Estonia is continuously created in Harju county

news release no 108
According to Statistics Estonia, Harju county covered 59.3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in Estonia in 2005. The share of Harju county slightly decreased compared to the previous year.

In 2005, the GDP of Estonia in current prices was 175.4 billion kroons, of which the GDP of Harju county was 104.0 billion kroons. Harju county was followed by Tartu county and Ida-Viru county, whose share in the GDP of Estonia in 2005 was 10.0% and 8.3%, respectively. Harju county’s slight decrease in the share of the GDP of Estonia compared to 2004 was due to the rise in the share of Ida-Viru, Tartu and Pärnu counties. Tartu county’s rise in the share was mostly due to the city of Tartu. The decrease in the share of Harju county was caused by a slight fall in the share of Tallinn in the GDP of Estonia, the rest of Harju county, however, experienced a rise in significance. In 2005 three counties, which contributed the least to the total GDP were Hiiu, Põlva and Jõgeva (with the GDP of 0.5%, 1.1% and 1.2%, respectively). The GDP of Hiiu county in 2005 was only 752.4 million kroons.

In 2005, the GDP of Estonia per capita was 130,297 kroons, while the respective indicator of Harju county was 199,642 kroons or 153.2% of Estonian average. Harju county was followed by Tartu and Pärnu county, where GDP per capita was 118,227 and 99,845 kroons or 90.8% and 76.6% of Estonian average, respectively. The smallest GDP per capita in 2005 was in Jõgeva and Põlva counties, 56,710 and 59,346 kroons or 43.5% and 45.5% of Estonian average, respectively.

GDP per capita by county, 2004–2005


In 2005, 68.0% of the total value added was produced in the tertiary sector, 28.4% in the secondary and 3.6% in the primary sector.*

It is characteristic of Estonia that in the counties which share of the GDP in the country’s GDP is substantial (e.g., Harju, Tartu, Ida-Viru counties), the share of the primary sector is small. In the counties which share of the GDP in the country’s GDP is small (e.g., Jõgeva, Hiiu and Põlva counties), the primary sector has a relatively large share.

In 2005, 75.1% of the value added of Harju county was produced in the tertiary sector and only 1.1% in the primary sector. In Tartu county the tertiary sector accounted for 68.6% and the primary sector for 3.6%. In Ida-Viru county more than half (52.4%) of the value added was produced in the secondary sector. This reflects the important role of mining, electricity and manufacturing in the economic activity of the county. The share of the primary sector in Ida-Viru county was humble (1.7%).

The share of the primary sector in Hiiu, Jõgeva and Põlva counties was 21.5%, 21.0% and 17.1%, respectively.

The share of the value added of counties by sectors, 2004–2005 (percentage)

County 2004 2005
Primary
sector
Secondary
sector
Tertiary
sector
Primary
sector
Secondary
sector
Tertiary
sector
Whole Estonia 4.0 27.3 68.7 3.6 28.4 68.0
Harju 1.4 22.9 75.7 1.1 23.8 75.1
Hiiu 19.0 23.6 57.4 21.5 23.5 55.0
Ida-Viru 1.7 51.1 47.2 1.7 52.4 45.9
Jõgeva 22.2 20.3 57.5 21.0 22.7 56.3
Järva 15.7 35.1 49.2 15.6 33.7 50.7
Lääne 8.5 30.0 61.5 8.2 31.3 60.5
Lääne-Viru 10.8 38.0 51.2 10.0 39.2 50.8
Põlva 17.3 24.8 57.9 17.1 27.3 55.6
Pärnu 7.5 33.1 59.4 6.5 32.2 61.3
Rapla 12.5 31.8 55.7 12.7 32.1 55.2
Saare 9.6 25.3 65.1 7.2 27.7 65.1
Tartu 3.9 26.5 69.6 3.6 27.8 68.6
Valga 9.1 32.8 58.1 11.2 32.5 56.3
Viljandi 13.9 33.7 52.4 12.3 34.9 52.8
Võru 9.7 29.3 61.0 9.7 30.3 60.0

In December this year, Statistics Estonia will publish the revised regional GDP for the years 1996–1999 according to the updated methodology. Regional GDP is calculated only in current prices.

* Primary sector — agriculture, hunting and forestry; fishing.
Secondary sector — mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, construction.
Tertiary sector — wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants, transport, storage and communication, financial intermediation, real estate, renting and business activities, public administration and defence; compulsory social security, education, health and social work, other community, social and personal service activities.

 

For further information:

Anastassia Zhegulova
Leading Statistician National Accounts Service
Statistics Estonia
Tel +372 625 8487

 

More detailed data are available in the Statistical database.