Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Chain linked volumes (2010), euro per capita
20112012201320142015
EU (28 countries)2580025600256002600026500
Euro area (19 countries)2890028500284002870029200
Belgium3390033700335003390034200
Bulgaria5300530054005500 (p)5700 (p)
Czech Republic1520015100150001540016000
Denmark4420044200444004490045300
Germany3330033400335003390034200
Estonia1190012500127001310013300
Ireland3650036000363003930049300
Greece18500 (p)17200 (p)16800 (p)17000 (p)17000 (p)
Spain22900222002190022300 (p)23000 (p)
France31200311003120031200 (p)31500 (p)
Croatia1050010300102001020010400
Italy2690026000254002540025600
Cyprus2280021700205002040020800 (p)
Latvia92009700100001030010700
Lithuania980010300108001130011600
Luxembourg7850076700779007960080800
Hungary100009900102001060011000
Malta1610016500171001750018400
Netherlands38500379003770038100 (p)38700 (p)
Austria3610036200360003600036000
Poland9900 (e)10000 (e)10200 (e)10500 (e)10900 (e)
Portugal1670016100160001630016600 (e)
Romania64006400 (b)670069007200 (p)
Slovenia1780017300171001760018000
Slovakia1290013100132001360014100
Finland3560034900345003410034100
Sweden4010039700398004050041700
United Kingdom2940029600300003070031100
Iceland3200032200333003360034600
Norway6600066900667006730067600
Switzerland56500565005680057300 (p)57100 (p)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the3500 (e)3500 (e)3600 (e)....
Albania..........
Serbia42004100430042004300
Chain linked volumes, percentage change on previous period, per capita
20112012201320142015
EU (28 countries)1.4-0.70.01.41.9
Euro area (19 countries)1.3-1.2-0.51.01.7
Belgium0.9-0.6-0.51.21.0
Bulgaria2.60.61.41.9 (p)4.0 (p)
Czech Republic2.2-0.9-0.52.64.4
Denmark0.9-0.10.51.10.9
Germany3.70.30.21.20.8
Estonia7.94.71.83.21.6
Ireland-0.4-1.40.88.225.5
Greece-9.0 (p)-6.8 (p)-2.5 (p)1.0 (p)0.1 (p)
Spain-1.4-3.0-1.31.7 (p)3.3 (p)
France1.6-0.30.10.2 (p)0.9 (p)
Croatia0.0-1.9-0.80.12.1
Italy0.2-3.3-2.2-0.10.8
Cyprus-2.2-4.6-5.7-0.42.3 (p)
Latvia8.25.34.03.03.5
Lithuania8.55.24.64.42.7
Luxembourg-0.3-2.31.62.31.5
Hungary2.0-1.12.44.33.4
Malta1.42.13.52.55.0
Netherlands1.2-1.4-0.51.0 (p)1.5 (p)
Austria2.50.3-0.5-0.10.0
Poland5.0 (e)1.6 (e)1.5 (e)3.3 (e)4.0 (e)
Portugal-1.7-3.6-0.61.42.0 (e)
Romania1.61.1 (b)3.93.54.2 (p)
Slovenia0.5-2.9-1.23.02.2
Slovakia3.41.51.42.53.8
Finland2.1-1.9-1.2-1.1-0.1
Sweden1.9-1.00.41.63.0
United Kingdom0.70.61.32.31.4
Iceland1.70.73.40.83.1
Norway-0.31.4-0.20.80.6
Switzerland1.10.00.60.8 (p)-0.3 (p)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the2.2 (e)-0.6 (e)2.8 (e)....
Albania2.81.61.11.9 (p)2.9 (p)
Serbia2.2-0.53.1-1.41.3

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(e) - estimated
(b) - break in time series

Source: Eurostat