Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Chain linked volumes (2010), euro per capita
20132014201520162017
EU (28 countries)2570026100266002700027600
Euro area (19 countries)2840028800293002970030300
Belgium3360033800341003450034900
Bulgaria54005500580060006300 (p)
Czech Republic1500015400162001650017200
Denmark4440044900453004580046500
Germany3350034000343003470035300
Estonia1280013200134001370014300
Ireland3810041200514005360056300 (b)
Greece16800 (p)17000 (p)17100 (p)17100 (p)17400 (p)
Spain219002230023100 (p)23800 (p)24500 (p)
France312003130031500 (p)31700 (p)32200 (p)
Croatia1030010300106001100011400
Italy2540025400256002590026300
Cyprus20500204002090021600 (p)22200 (p)
Latvia1000010300107001100011700
Lithuania1080011300116001200012700
Luxembourg7800080600813008170081800
Hungary1020010700110001130011800
Malta1690017900192001980020600
Netherlands377003810038800 (p)39500 (p)40500 (p)
Austria3620036200362003630037100
Poland1020010500109001120011800
Portugal16000163001660016900 (p)17400 (e)
Romania6700700073007700 (p)8200 (p)
Slovenia1700017500179001850019400
Slovakia1320013600141001460015000
Finland3450034200341003470035500
Sweden3980040500419004260043100
United Kingdom3020030900313003170032100
Iceland33400338003490037000..
Norway6690067400680006820068900
Switzerland57000577005780057900 (p)..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the3600 (e)3700 (e)......
Albania330033003400 (p)3500 (p)..
Serbia43004200430044004500 (p)
Chain linked volumes, percentage change on previous period, per capita
20132014201520162017
EU (28 countries)0.11.52.01.62.1
Euro area (19 countries)-0.51.11.81.52.1
Belgium-0.30.90.91.01.2
Bulgaria1.41.94.34.73.9 (p)
Czech Republic-0.52.65.12.44.2
Denmark0.51.10.91.11.6
Germany0.21.50.91.11.8
Estonia2.33.21.91.94.9
Ireland1.48.024.84.25.1 (b)
Greece-2.5 (p)1.4 (p)0.4 (p)0.2 (p)1.9 (p)
Spain-1.31.73.5 (p)3.2 (p)2.8 (p)
France0.10.40.6 (p)0.8 (p)1.4 (p)
Croatia-0.40.33.33.93.5
Italy-2.2-0.11.01.01.6
Cyprus-5.7-0.32.62.9 (p)2.9 (p)
Latvia3.52.83.93.15.7
Lithuania4.64.43.03.75.5
Luxembourg1.03.30.90.50.1
Hungary2.44.53.62.54.3
Malta3.25.97.33.14.3
Netherlands-0.51.01.8 (p)1.6 (p)2.6 (p)
Austria-0.60.00.10.22.3
Poland1.53.33.92.94.6
Portugal-0.61.42.21.9 (p)2.9 (e)
Romania3.93.54.55.4 (p)7.3 (p)
Slovenia-1.32.92.23.14.9
Slovakia1.42.63.83.23.3
Finland-1.2-1.1-0.21.92.4
Sweden0.41.63.41.81.0
United Kingdom1.42.31.51.11.2
Iceland3.31.13.26.0..
Norway-0.20.80.90.21.0
Switzerland0.71.20.10.3 (p)..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the2.8 (e)3.5 (e)......
Albania1.22.02.5 (p)3.5 (p)..
Serbia3.1-1.41.33.32.1 (p)

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(b) - break in time series
(e) - estimated

Source: Eurostat