Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Percentage change over previous period
200820092010201120122013
EU (28 countries)0.0-4.81.71.4-0.7-0.1
EU (27 countries)0.0-4.81.71.5-0.7-0.1
Euro area (18 countries)-0.2-4.81.71.3-0.9-0.6
Euro area (17 countries)-0.2-4.71.71.3-0.9-0.6
Belgium0.2-3.51.50.9-0.8-0.3
Bulgaria6.7-5.01.14.41.21.4
Czech Republic2.0-5.12.22.0-1.1-1.0
Denmark-1.4-6.20.90.7-0.70.0
Germany1.3-4.94.23.30.50.2
Estonia-4.0-14.03.38.74.52.2
Ireland-4.2-7.3-1.51.8-0.1-0.6
Greece-0.4 (p)-3.1 (p)-4.7 (p)-6.9 (p)-6.7 (p)..
Spain-0.7-4.5-0.5-0.1-1.7-0.7
France-0.6-3.61.21.5-0.5-0.3
Croatia2.1-6.8-2.00.1-1.9-0.5
Italy-1.9-6.11.20.1-2.7-2.1
Cyprus1.0-4.5-1.3-2.1-3.9-5.8
Latvia-1.7 (b)-16.3 (b)0.8 (b)7.3 (b)6.5 (b)5.1 (b)
Lithuania4.0-13.93.78.55.14.4
Luxembourg-2.5-7.31.2-0.4-2.4-0.4
Hungary1.1-6.61.31.9-1.21.4
Malta3.2-3.53.81.00.31.9
Netherlands1.4-4.21.00.5-1.6-1.1
Austria1.1-4.11.52.50.4-0.2
Poland5.11.52.94.52.01.6
Portugal-0.1-3.01.9-1.1-2.8-0.5
Romania9.2-5.8-0.62.81.03.9
Slovenia3.2 (b)-8.80.90.5-2.7-1.2
Slovakia5.6-5.14.23.61.60.8
Finland-0.2-9.02.92.3-1.5-1.8
Sweden-1.4-5.85.72.20.20.8
United Kingdom-1.4-5.80.90.4-1.21.1
Iceland-1.3-6.5-3.72.30.92.3
Norway-1.3-2.8-0.80.01.5-0.6
Switzerland0.9-3.13.10.70.30.8
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the4.8-1.12.72.6 (e)....
Serbia4.3-3.11.42.4-1.0..
Turkey-0.6-6.17.6......
United States-1.2-3.61.70.91.61.5
Japan-1.0-5.44.2-0.3....
Euro per inhabitant
200820092010201120122013
EU (28 countries)237002260023000233002320023200
EU (27 countries)239002270023100235002330023300
Euro area (18 countries)263002500025400258002560025400
Euro area (17 countries)264002520025600259002570025500
Belgium302002920029600298002960029500
Bulgaria370035003500370037003800
Czech Republic117001110011400116001150011300
Denmark393003690037300375003720037200
Germany293002790029100300003020030200
Estonia950081008400910095009800
Ireland393003640035900365003640036200
Greece18800 (p)18200 (p)17400 (p)16200 (p)15100 (p)..
Spain217002070020600206002020020100
France281002700027400278002760027600
Croatia940088008600860084008400
Italy247002320023500235002280022400
Cyprus196001870018500181001740016400
Latvia7000 (b)5900 (b)5900 (b)6400 (b)6800 (b)7100 (b)
Lithuania800069007100770081008500
Luxembourg687006370064500642006260062400
Hungary930087008800890088009000
Malta134001290013400135001350013800
Netherlands342003270033100332003270032300
Austria321003080031300321003220032200
Poland760078008000830085008700
Portugal151001460014900147001430014300
Romania480045004500460047004800
Slovenia16600 (b)1520015300154001500014800
Slovakia900086008900920094009500
Finland327002970030600313003090030300
Sweden347003260034500352003530035600
United Kingdom321003020030500306003020030600
Iceland461004310041500425004280043800
Norway539005240052000520005280052500
Switzerland442004280044200445004460045000
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the2800270028002900 (e)....
Serbia31003000310031003100..
Turkey620058006300......
United States360003470035300356003620036700
Japan29700281002920029200....

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(b) - break in time series
(e) - estimated

Source: Eurostat