Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Chain linked volumes (2010), euro per capita
20122013201420152016
EU (28 countries)2560025700260002660027000
Euro area (19 countries)2860028400287002920029700
Euro area (18 countries)2870028600289002940029800
Belgium3370033500339003420034400
Bulgaria530054005500 (p)5700 (p)6000 (p)
Czech Republic1510015000154001620016500
Denmark4420044400449004530045700
Germany3340033500340003430034600
Estonia1250012800132001340013700
Ireland3760038100412005140053600
Greece17200 (p)16800 (p)17000 (p)17000 (p)17100 (p)
Spain222002190022300 (p)23100 (p)23800 (p)
France31100312003130031500 (p)31700 (p)
Croatia1030010200102001050010900
Italy2600025400254002570025900
Cyprus2170020500204002080021300 (p)
Latvia970010000103001070011000
Lithuania1030010800113001160012000
Luxembourg7720078300808008240083700
Hungary990010200106001100011200
Malta1640017000182001930020100
Netherlands37900377003810038800 (p)39500 (p)
Austria3620036000360003600036100
Poland10000 (e)10200 (e)10500 (e)10900 (e)11200 (e)
Portugal1610016000163001660016900 (p)
Romania6400 (b)670069007200 (p)7600 (p)
Slovenia1730017000175001790018500
Slovakia1310013200136001410014500
Finland3490034500342003400034600
Sweden3970039800405004190042700
United Kingdom2960030000307003110031400
Iceland3220033300336003460036500
Norway6700066900674006800068200
Switzerland5670057000577005780057900 (p)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the3500 (e)3600 (e)3700 (e)....
Albania3200330033003400 (p)..
Serbia4100430042004300..
Chain linked volumes, percentage change on previous period, per capita
20122013201420152016
EU (28 countries)-0.70.11.51.91.6
Euro area (19 countries)-1.1-0.51.11.71.4
Euro area (18 countries)-1.2-0.51.11.71.4
Belgium-0.6-0.51.21.00.7
Bulgaria0.61.41.9 (p)4.0 (p)4.1 (p)
Czech Republic-0.9-0.52.65.12.4
Denmark-0.10.51.10.90.8
Germany0.30.21.50.91.0
Estonia4.72.33.21.91.9
Ireland-0.21.48.024.84.2
Greece-6.8 (p)-2.5 (p)1.0 (p)0.4 (p)0.4 (p)
Spain-3.0-1.31.7 (p)3.5 (p)3.1 (p)
France-0.30.10.40.6 (p)0.8 (p)
Croatia-1.8-0.8-0.13.23.7
Italy-3.3-2.2-0.11.11.1
Cyprus-4.6-5.7-0.42.32.4 (p)
Latvia5.33.73.13.62.8
Lithuania5.24.64.42.73.6
Luxembourg-2.61.43.22.01.6
Hungary-1.12.44.33.42.2
Malta1.83.67.15.94.2
Netherlands-1.4-0.51.01.8 (p)1.6 (p)
Austria0.3-0.5-0.10.00.2
Poland1.6 (e)1.5 (e)3.3 (e)3.9 (e)2.8 (e)
Portugal-3.6-0.61.42.21.9 (p)
Romania1.1 (b)3.93.54.4 (p)5.1 (p)
Slovenia-2.9-1.32.92.23.1
Slovakia1.51.42.53.83.1
Finland-1.9-1.2-1.1-0.31.7
Sweden-1.00.41.63.42.0
United Kingdom0.61.32.31.41.1
Iceland0.73.40.83.05.5
Norway1.4-0.20.80.90.2
Switzerland-0.10.71.20.10.3 (p)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the-0.6 (e)2.8 (e)3.5 (e)....
Albania1.61.22.02.5 (p)..
Serbia-0.53.1-1.41.3..

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(e) - estimated
(b) - break in time series

Source: Eurostat