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Location: Statistics > Subject areas > Economy > National accounts > Published statistics > Selection of EU statistics Eesti keeles

Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Percentage change on previous period
  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
EU (28 countries) .. 1.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 3.7 1.7 1.1 1.1 2.1 1.7 3.0 2.8 0.0 -4.8 1.7 1.5 -0.7 -0.1
EU (27 countries) .. 1.7 2.7 2.8 2.7 3.6 1.7 1.0 1.1 2.1 1.7 3.0 2.8 0.0 -4.8 1.7 1.5 -0.7 -0.1
Euro area (18 countries) .. 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.6 3.4 1.5 0.4 0.1 1.6 1.1 2.7 2.4 -0.2 -4.8 1.7 1.3 -0.9 -0.6
Euro area (17 countries) .. 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.6 3.4 1.5 0.4 0.1 1.6 1.1 2.7 2.4 -0.2 -4.7 1.7 1.3 -0.9 -0.6
Belgium 22.6 1.2 3.5 1.7 3.3 3.4 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.8 1.2 2.0 2.1 0.2 -3.5 1.4 0.9 -0.8 -0.2
Bulgaria .. -8.6 -1.0 5.6 2.5 6.3 7.5 5.2 6.4 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7 -5.0 1.1 4.4 1.2 1.4
Czech Republic 6.3 4.7 -0.7 -0.2 1.8 4.3 3.6 2.4 3.8 4.7 6.5 6.7 5.2 2.0 -5.1 2.2 2.0 -1.1 -1.0
Denmark 2.6 2.2 2.7 1.8 2.2 3.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 2.1 2.1 3.1 1.2 -1.4 -6.2 0.9 0.7 -0.7 0.0
Germany 1.4 0.5 1.5 1.9 1.8 2.9 1.3 -0.2 -0.4 1.2 0.7 3.8 3.4 1.3 -4.9 4.2 3.3 0.5 0.2
Estonia 8.7 7.6 13.3 7.8 0.7 10.3 6.7 7.0 8.2 6.7 9.1 10.3 7.7 -4.0 -14.1 2.6 9.5 4.0 0.8
Ireland .. 9.0 10.2 7.4 9.8 9.2 3.4 3.6 2.0 2.4 3.7 2.8 1.9 -4.2 -7.3 -1.5 1.8 -0.1 ..
Greece .. 1.6 3.0 2.8 3.0 4.1 3.9 3.1 5.6 4.0 1.9 5.2 3.2 -0.4  (p) -3.1  (p) -4.7  (p) -6.9  (p) -6.7  (p) ..
Spain 4.8 2.3 3.6 4.1 4.2 4.2 2.5 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.5 1.6 -0.7 -4.5 -0.5 -0.1 -1.7 -0.7
France 1.7 0.7 1.8 3.0 2.8 3.0 1.1 0.2 0.2 1.8 1.1 1.8 1.7 -0.6 -3.6 1.2 1.5 -0.5 -0.3
Croatia .. 10.1 4.7 3.6 -2.2 6.7 3.3 8.1 5.4 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.1 2.1 -6.8 -2.0 0.1 -1.6 -0.6
Italy 2.9 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.4 3.6 1.8 0.1 -0.8 0.7 0.2 1.6 0.9 -1.9 -6.1 1.2 0.1 -2.7 -2.1
Cyprus .. 0.2 0.9 3.7 3.7 3.9 2.9 1.0 0.6 2.9 2.4 2.4 2.9 1.0 -4.5 -1.3 -2.1 -3.9 -5.8
Latvia 0.5  (b) 5.2  (b) 10.7  (b) 6.6  (b) 3.7  (b) 6.7  (b) 8.7  (b) 8.4  (b) 8.7  (b) 10.0  (b) 11.3  (b) 12.0  (b) 10.9  (b) -1.7  (b) -16.3  (b) 0.8  (b) 7.3  (b) 6.5  (b) 5.1  (b)
Lithuania .. 6.0 8.9 8.4 -0.3 4.4 7.6 7.7 11.2 8.6 9.6 9.5 11.1 4.0 -13.9 3.7 8.5 5.1 4.3
Luxembourg .. 0.3 4.6 5.1 6.9 7.0 1.4 3.0 0.4 3.0 3.6 3.3 4.9 -2.5 -7.3 1.2 -0.4 -2.4 -0.4
Hungary .. 0.3 3.3 4.3 3.5 4.5 4.0 4.8 4.1 5.0 4.2 4.1 0.3 1.1 -6.6 1.3 1.9 -1.2 1.4
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. -0.8 1.7 0.1 -0.9 2.9 2.2 3.7 3.2 -3.5 3.6 1.1 -0.1 1.6
Netherlands 2.6 3.0 3.7 3.3 4.0 3.2 1.2 -0.6 -0.1 1.9 1.8 3.2 3.7 1.4 -4.2 1.0 0.5 -1.6 -1.1
Austria 2.5 2.3 2.2 3.7 3.3 3.4 0.5 1.2 0.4 1.9 1.7 3.1 3.4 1.1 -4.1 1.5 2.5 0.4 ..
Poland .. 6.2 7.1 5.0 4.6 4.3 1.2 1.5 3.9 5.4 3.7 6.3 6.8 5.1 1.6 2.9 4.5 2.0 1.6
Portugal .. 3.4 4.1 4.7 3.6 3.4 1.3 0.0 -1.6 1.0 0.3 1.1 2.1 -0.1 -3.0 1.9 -1.1 -2.8 -0.5
Romania .. 3.5 -4.6 -1.9 -0.2 2.5 5.8 8.6 5.7 9.1 4.8 8.5 7.9 9.2 -5.8 -0.6 2.8 0.8 ..
Slovenia 7.4 3.6 5.1 3.7 5.3 4.0 2.8 3.7 2.9 4.4 3.8 5.5 6.4 3.2  (b) -8.8 0.9 0.5 -2.7 -1.2
Slovakia 7.5 6.7 4.3 4.2 -0.1 1.3 3.9 4.6 4.8 5.0 6.6 8.3 10.4 5.6 -5.1 4.2 3.6 1.6 0.8
Finland 3.6 3.2 5.9 4.8 3.7 5.1 2.1 1.6 1.8 3.8 2.6 4.0 4.9 -0.2 -9.0 2.9 2.3 -1.5 -1.8
Sweden 3.4 1.5 2.7 4.1 4.6 4.3 1.0 2.2 2.0 3.8 2.7 3.7 2.6 -1.4 -5.8 5.7 2.2 0.2 0.7
United Kingdom 3.2 3.2 4.1 3.3 2.6 4.0 1.8 1.9 3.5 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.7 -1.4 -5.8 0.9 0.4 -1.3 1.1
Iceland -0.4 4.2 4.1 5.2 2.8 2.9 2.5 -0.7 1.8 6.6 6.0 1.8 3.6 -1.3 -6.5 -3.7 2.3 0.9 2.3
Norway 3.7 4.5 4.8 2.1 1.3 2.6 1.5 0.9 0.4 3.4 1.9 1.4 1.7 -1.3 -2.8 -0.8 0.0 1.5 -0.6
Switzerland -0.1 0.1 1.9 2.5 0.9 3.1 0.2 -0.6 -0.8 1.7 2.0 3.0 3.0 0.9 -3.1 3.1 0.7 0.3 0.8
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. .. 2.8 3.8 3.8 -4.9 1.6 2.5 4.3 4.1 4.9 6.0 4.8 -1.1 2.7 2.6  (e) .. ..
Serbia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.4 2.8 9.6 5.7 4.0 5.8 4.3 -3.1 1.4 2.4 -1.0 ..
Turkey 5.5 5.4 5.9 3.1 -4.7 5.3 -7.0 4.8 3.9 8.0 7.1 5.6 3.4 -0.6 -6.1 7.6 .. .. ..
United States 1.5 2.6 3.2 3.2 3.7 3.0 -0.1 0.8 1.8 2.9 2.4 1.7 0.8 -1.2 -3.7 1.7 1.1 2.1 1.2
Japan 1.4 2.4 1.4 -2.3 -0.4 2.1 0.1 0.2 1.5 2.3 1.2 1.7 2.2 -1.0 -5.4 4.2 -0.3 .. ..
Euro per inhabitant
  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
EU (28 countries) 18200 18500 19000 19500 20000 20800 21100 21400 21600 22100 22400 23100 23800 23700 22600 23000 23300 23200 23100
EU (27 countries) 18300 18600 19100 19600 20200 20900 21300 21500 21700 22200 22600 23200 23900 23900 22700 23100 23500 23300 23300
Euro area (18 countries) 21200 21400 21900 22500 23100 23900 24200 24300 24400 24700 25000 25700 26300 26300 25000 25400 25800 25600 25400
Euro area (17 countries) 21300 21600 22100 22600 23200 24000 24400 24500 24500 24900 25200 25800 26400 26400 25200 25600 25900 25700 25500
Belgium 24000 24300 25200 25600 26500 27400 27500 27700 27800 28600 29000 29500 30200 30200 29200 29600 29800 29600 29500
Bulgaria 2100 1900 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2500 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3700 3500 3500 3700 3700 3800
Czech Republic 7600 7900 7900 7900 8000 8300 8600 8800 9200 9600 10200 10900 11500 11700 11100 11400 11600 11500 11300
Denmark 32400 33100 34000 34600 35400 36500 36600 36700 36700 37500 38300 39400 39900 39300 36900 37300 37500 37200 37200
Germany 24100 24200 24600 25100 25500 26300 26600 26600 26500 26800 27000 28000 29000 29300 27900 29100 30000 30200 30200
Estonia 4000 4300 4800 5200 5200 5800 6200 6600 7100 7600 8300 9200 9900 9500 8100 8300 9100 9500 9600
Ireland 21800 23800 26200 28100 30900 33700 34900 36100 36900 37800 39200 40300 41000 39300 36400 35900 36500 36400 ..
Greece 12600 12800 13200 13500 13900 14500 15100 15500 16400 17100 17400 18300 18900 18800  (p) 18200  (p) 17400  (p) 16200  (p) 15100  (p) ..
Spain 16100 16400 17000 17700 18500 19200 19700 20000 20200 20600 21000 21500 21800 21700 20700 20600 20600 20200 20100
France 23400 23500 24000 24700 25400 26100 26400 26500 26500 27000 27300 27800 28200 28100 27000 27400 27800 27600 27600
Croatia 5300 5800 6100 6300 6100 6500 6800 7300 7700 8000 8400 8800 9200 9400 8800 8600 8600 8500 8400
Italy 21900 22100 22500 22900 23200 24000 24500 24500 24300 24500 24500 24900 25100 24700 23200 23500 23500 22800 22400
Cyprus 14800 14800 15000 15500 16100 16700 17200 17400 17500 18000 18400 18900 19400 19600 18700 18500 18100 17400 16400
Latvia 2700  (b) 2800  (b) 3100  (b) 3300  (b) 3400  (b) 3700  (b) 4000  (b) 4300  (b) 4700  (b) 5200  (b) 5800  (b) 6500  (b) 7200  (b) 7000  (b) 5900  (b) 5900  (b) 6400  (b) 6800  (b) 7100  (b)
Lithuania 3200 3400 3700 4000 3900 4100 4400 4800 5300 5800 6300 6900 7700 8000 6900 7100 7700 8100 8500
Luxembourg 46100 46200 48300 50800 54300 58100 58900 60700 60900 62700 65000 67200 70400 68700 63700 64500 64200 62600 62400
Hungary 6100 6100 6300 6600 6800 7100 7400 7700 8000 8400 8800 9200 9200 9300 8700 8800 8900 8800 9000
Malta .. .. .. .. .. 11900 11800 12000 12000 11900 12200 12500 12900 13400 12900 13300 13500 13500 13700
Netherlands 25500 26300 27200 28100 29300 30200 30500 30400 30300 30900 31500 32500 33700 34200 32700 33100 33200 32700 32300
Austria 24300 24900 25400 26400 27200 28200 28300 28600 28800 29300 29800 30800 31800 32100 30800 31300 32100 32200 ..
Poland 4200 4500 4800 5000 5300 5500 5600 5600 5900 6200 6400 6800 7300 7600 7800 8000 8300 8500 8600
Portugal 12000 12400 12900 13500 14000 14500 14700 14700 14400 14600 14600 14800 15100 15100 14600 14900 14700 14300 14300
Romania .. 2800 2700 2600 2600 2700 2900 3100 3300 3600 3700 4100 4400 4800 4500 4500 4600 4600 ..
Slovenia 9800 10100 10700 11000 11600 12100 12400 12900 13300 13800 14400 15100 16100 16600  (b) 15200 15300 15400 15000 14800
Slovakia 4800 5100 5300 5500 5500 5600 5800 6100 6400 6700 7100 7700 8500 9000 8600 8900 9200 9400 9500
Finland 21400 22100 23400 24500 25400 26700 27300 27700 28200 29300 30000 31200 32700 32700 29700 30600 31300 30900 30300
Sweden 24900 25300 25900 27000 28200 29400 29700 30400 31000 32200 33000 34300 35100 34700 32600 34500 35200 35300 35500
United Kingdom 23100 23900 24900 25700 26300 27400 27900 28400 29400 30200 31000 31700 32500 32100 30200 30500 30600 30200 30500
Iceland 31300 32700 34000 35800 36800 37800 38800 38500 39200 41800 44300 45100 46700 46100 43100 41500 42500 42800 43800
Norway 42000 43900 46000 47000 47600 48800 49600 50000 50200 51900 52900 53700 54600 53900 52400 52000 52000 52800 52500
Switzerland 37000 37000 37700 38700 39000 40200 40300 40100 39700 40400 41300 42500 43800 44200 42800 44200 44500 44600 45000
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. 2000 2000 2100 2200 2100 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2800 2700 2800 2900  (e) .. ..
Serbia .. .. .. .. .. .. 2200 2300 2400 2600 2700 2800 3000 3100 3000 3100 3100 3100 ..
Turkey 4200 4500 4700 4900 4600 4900 4500 4800 5000 5300 5700 6000 6300 6200 5800 6300 .. .. ..
United States 28200 28900 29900 30800 32000 32900 32900 33100 33800 34700 35600 36200 36500 36000 34700 35300 35700 36400 36800
Japan 26500 27100 27500 26900 26800 27300 27400 27400 27800 28500 28800 29300 29900 29700 28100 29200 29200 .. ..

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(b) - break in time series
(e) - estimated

Source: Eurostat

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