Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Chain linked volumes (2010), euro per capita
20112012201320142015
EU (28 countries)2580025600256002590026300
EU (27 countries)..........
Euro area (19 countries)2890028600284002860029000
Euro area (18 countries)2910028700286002880029200
Belgium3390033700335003380034100
Bulgaria5200530054005500 (p)5700 (p)
Czech Republic15200150001500015200..
Denmark4390043700434004370043900
Germany3330033400334003380034100
Estonia1190012600128001320013400
Ireland3720037200376003950042300
Greece18500 (p)17200 (p)16800 (p)17000 (p)17000 (p)
Spain2290022300 (p)22000 (p)22400 (p)23100 (p)
France31200312003120031100..
Croatia1050010300102001020010400
Italy2690026000254002530025500
Cyprus22600217002040020100 (p)20600 (p)
Latvia92009700100001040010800
Lithuania980010300108001120011500
Luxembourg7810075600769007820080500
Hungary100009900101001050010900
Malta1620016500170001750018400
Netherlands385003790037600 (p)37900 (p)38500 (p)
Austria3610036200361003600036000
Poland9900 (e)10000 (e)10100 (e)10500 (e)10900 (e)
Portugal16700161001600016300 (e)16600 (e)
Romania64006400 (b)67006900 (p)7200 (p)
Slovenia1780017300171001760018000
Slovakia1280013000132001350014000
Finland3560034900345003410034200
Sweden4010039700398004030041600
United Kingdom2920029400298003040030900
Iceland3200032200333003360034500
Norway6600066900667006750067800
Switzerland565005650056900 (p)57200 (p)..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the3500 (e)3500 (e)3600 (e)....
Albania..........
Serbia4200410043004200..
Chain linked volumes, percentage change over previous period, per capita
20112012201320142015
EU (28 countries)1.5-0.70.01.11.7
EU (27 countries)..........
Euro area (19 countries)1.3-1.1-0.50.71.4
Euro area (18 countries)1.3-1.2-0.50.71.4
Belgium0.9-0.5-0.50.80.9
Bulgaria2.20.81.92.1 (p)3.3 (p)
Czech Republic2.2-1.0-0.51.8..
Denmark0.7-0.4-0.60.70.5
Germany3.70.20.01.20.9
Estonia7.95.52.03.31.3
Ireland2.2-0.11.24.97.2
Greece-9.0 (p)-6.8 (p)-2.5 (p)1.3 (p)0.1 (p)
Spain-1.4-2.7 (p)-1.3 (p)1.6 (p)3.3 (p)
France1.6-0.30.2-0.3..
Croatia0.0-1.9-0.80.22.1
Italy0.2-3.3-2.2-0.60.9
Cyprus-2.1-3.9-5.7-1.4 (p)2.5 (p)
Latvia8.25.34.13.33.6
Lithuania8.55.24.64.02.6
Luxembourg0.2-3.11.71.62.9
Hungary2.0-1.22.24.03.2
Malta1.52.13.12.75.4
Netherlands1.2-1.4-0.8 (p)0.6 (p)1.6 (p)
Austria2.50.3-0.3-0.40.0
Poland5.0 (e)1.5 (e)1.3 (e)3.3 (e)3.7 (e)
Portugal-1.7-3.6-0.61.5 (e)1.9 (e)
Romania1.61.1 (b)3.9 (b)3.3 (p)4.0 (p)
Slovenia0.5-2.9-1.22.92.8
Slovakia3.41.41.32.43.5
Finland2.1-1.9-1.2-1.10.2
Sweden1.9-1.00.41.33.0
United Kingdom1.10.51.52.11.5
Iceland1.70.73.40.82.8
Norway-0.31.4-0.21.10.5
Switzerland1.10.10.6 (p)0.7 (p)..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the2.2 (e)-0.6 (e)2.8 (e)....
Albania2.81.61.22.0 (p)..
Serbia2.2-0.53.1-1.4..

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(e) - estimated
(b) - break in time series

Source: Eurostat