Real GDP per capita, growth rate and totals

Please be aware that annual and quarterly national accounts’ volume figures are expressed in chain-linked volumes with a reference year 2005. Thus, the figures for this indicator are not comparable with previous releases. For more information, click here.

GDP includes goods and services that have markets (or which could have markets) and products which are produced by general government and non-profit institutions. For measuring the growth rate of real GDP, the GDP at current prices are valued in prices of the previous year and the thus computed volume changes are imposed on the level of a reference year; this is called a chain-linked series. Accordingly, price movements will not inflate the growth rate. Real GDP per capita is calculated as the ratio of real GDP to the average population of a specific year. It is often used as an indicator of how well off a country is, since it is a measure of average real income in that country. However, it is not a complete measure of economic welfare. For example, GDP does not include most unpaid household work. Neither does GDP take account of negative effects of economic activity, like environmental degradation. Real GDP per capita is based on rounded figures. Discrepancies in tables between totals and percentages are due to rounding.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Chain linked volumes (2010), euro per capita
20102011201220132014
EU (28 countries)2530025700255002550025800
EU (27 countries)..........
Euro area (19 countries)2840028800284002830028500
Euro area (18 countries)2850028900286002840028600
Belgium3360033900337003360033800
Bulgaria49005100520052005400 (p)
Czech Republic1490015200150001490015200
Denmark4350043900434004300043300
Germany3150032600327003270033100
Estonia1100012000126001280013100
Ireland3620037000368003680038400
Greece2030018500 (p)17400 (p)16800 (p)17000 (p)
Spain23200 (p)23000 (p)22500 (p)22300 (p)22700 (p)
France3080031200312003110031100
Croatia1050010500103001020010200
Italy2680026900260002550025300
Cyprus23000225002160020500 (p)20200 (p)
Latvia8600920098001030010600
Lithuania90009800103001080011200
Luxembourg77600778007590075400..
Hungary98001000099001010010500
Malta1590016200165001680017200
Netherlands380003850037700 (p)37300 (p)37500 (p)
Austria3520036100363003620036000
Poland9300 (e)9800 (e)10000 (e)10100 (e)10500 (e)
Portugal17000167001610016000 (e)16200 (e)
Romania6300640064006700 (p)6900 (p)
Slovenia1770017800173001710017500
Slovakia1240012800130001310013400
Finland3490035600349003430034100
Sweden3940040100397003990040300
United Kingdom2890029200292002950030100
Iceland3150032100324003320033700
Norway6620066000669006660067300
Switzerland557005650056500 (p)56900 (p)..
Serbia4100420042004300..
United States3640036700373003790038500
Chain linked volumes, percentage change over previous period, per capita
20102011201220132014
EU (28 countries)1.81.5-0.7-0.11.1
EU (27 countries)..........
Euro area (19 countries)1.81.4-1.1-0.60.7
Euro area (18 countries)1.81.3-1.1-0.70.7
Belgium1.60.7-0.6-0.20.6
Bulgaria1.34.61.11.62.2 (p)
Czech Republic2.02.2-0.9-0.71.9
Denmark1.20.7-1.0-0.90.6
Germany4.23.60.2-0.11.3
Estonia2.78.65.02.02.4
Ireland-0.72.4-0.6-0.14.5
Greece-5.2-8.6 (p)-6.3 (p)-3.3 (p)1.1 (p)
Spain-0.4 (p)-1.0 (p)-2.2 (p)-0.9 (p)1.7 (p)
France1.51.6-0.1-0.2-0.1
Croatia-1.40.0-1.9-0.70.2
Italy1.30.2-3.2-2.2-0.7
Cyprus-1.2-2.3-3.9-5.1 (p)-1.6 (p)
Latvia-0.87.06.15.33.3
Lithuania3.88.55.24.34.0
Luxembourg3.20.3-2.4-0.6..
Hungary1.02.1-1.01.83.9
Malta3.01.81.72.02.4
Netherlands0.51.2-1.9 (p)-1.0 (p)0.5 (p)
Austria1.62.70.4-0.4-0.4
Poland2.7 (e)4.7 (e)1.7 (e)1.8 (e)3.5 (e)
Portugal1.9-1.7-3.6-1.1 (e)1.5 (e)
Romania-0.21.61.13.8 (p)3.0 (p)
Slovenia0.90.4-2.8-1.12.5
Slovakia4.63.31.41.32.3
Finland2.52.1-1.9-1.8-0.5
Sweden5.11.9-1.00.41.1
United Kingdom1.10.80.01.02.2
Iceland-2.72.10.82.61.3
Norway-0.7-0.31.4-0.51.1
Switzerland2.01.40.0 (p)0.8 (p)..
Serbia1.02.2-0.53.1..
United States1.70.81.61.51.6

(..) - not available
(p) - provisional
(e) - estimated

Source: Eurostat