In order to ensure the comparability of statistical data, uniform classifications are used in the production of statistics. The Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK) is used for classifying economic activities. It is based on NACE, the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community. A rapid development of science and technology and structural changes of the economy condition a need for a periodic update of classifications.
The Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, which has been applied since 1 January 2008, established an up-to-date version of the classification referred to as NACE Rev. 2. For state-specific purposes, the Member States use national classifications which are based on the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community. In Estonia, the corresponding national classification of economic activities is EMTAK 2008. Previously, classification EMTAK 2003, based on the international classification NACE Rev. 1.1, was applied. The classification has been thoroughly changed — the part of service activities has undergone the most substantial change and provides now a more detailed structure of the higher levels of classification.
Comparison of classifications EMTAK 2003 and EMTAK 2008
|Level ||EMTAK 2008 ||EMTAK 2003 ||Description |
|1 ||21 sections ||17 sections ||Alphabetical codes A–U (EMTAK 2008), A–Q (EMTAK 2003) |
|2 ||88 divisions ||62 divisions ||Two-digit numerical codes from 01 up to 99 |
|3 ||272 groups ||224 groups ||Three-digit numerical codes from 011 up to 990 |
|4 ||615 classes ||514 classes ||Four-digit numerical codes from 0111 up to 9900 |
|5 ||775 subclasses ||1020 subclasses ||Five-digit numerical codes from 01111 up to 99009 |
Levels 1–4 conform to the international classification, Level 5 is national.
The new classification shall be introduced into the production of statistics stage by stage in accordance with the time schedule specified in the Regulation. The first database having introduced the classification was Business Register for Statistical Purposes where all economic units are classified according to EMTAK 2008 and EMTAK 2003 since 1 January 2008.
In the next stage, the classification shall be taken into use in statistical surveys, to which the transition period 2009–2011 applies. First, short-term statistics (the 2009 monthly and quarterly statistics) shall be published according to the new classification. Next, annual statistics (regarding the year 2008) shall follow. Finally, national accounts shall switch over to the new classification.
For ensuring comparability, recalculated time series are planned to be published in parallel with the statistics of new periods. Preparations for recalculating time series were started in 2007. The basic recalculation method was recoding of the activities of economic units in initial databases. In case of earlier periods, recalculation of aggregated data with the help of transitional matrices was also used. The purpose is to publish recalculated time series simultaneously with the data of a new period.
Statistics on the following economic activities shall be published:
|ENVIRONMENT ||Environmental protection and supervision |
| ||Natural resources and their use |
| ||Environmental pressure |
|ECONOMY ||Construction |
| ||Financial statistics of enterprises |
| ||Prices |
| ||Information technology |
| ||Fishing |
| ||Real estate |
| ||Economic units |
| ||Wages and salaries and labour costs |
| ||National accounts |
| ||Internal trade |
| ||Science. Technology. Innovation |
| ||Service activities |
| ||Transport |
| ||Tourism and accommodation |
| ||Industry |
|SOCIAL LIFE ||Education |
| ||Labour market |
In order to publish statistics according to EMTAK 2008, new tables shall be added to the database. The tables shall be supplemented with information about the relevant classification used for classifying economic activities. The customers are advised to use the statistics published in conformity with EMTAK 2008, as in case of the majority of economic activities, statistics will be published in conformity with EMTAK 2003 only until the end of 2008.
More detailed information on the recalculation and publication of time series is to be published at the beginning of 2009 under an appropriate heading of the database and in the release calendar.