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Total fertility rate

Number of children per woman

The mean number of children that would be born alive to a woman during her lifetime if she were to pass through her childbearing years conforming to the fertility rates by age of a given year. This rate is therefore the completed fertility of a hypothetical generation, computed by adding the fertility rates by age for women in a given year (the number of women at each age is assumed to be the same). The total fertility rate is also used to indicate the replacement level fertility; in more highly developed countries, a rate of 2.1 is considered to be replacement level.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

  1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
EU (28 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.46 1.45 1.47 1.50 1.51 1.54 1.56  (b) 1.61 1.60 1.61 1.58  (b) 1.58  (b)
EU (27 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.48 1.46 1.45 1.47 1.50 1.51 1.54 1.56  (b) 1.61 1.60 1.61 1.58  (b) 1.58  (b)
Euro area (18 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.47 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.49 1.50 1.52 1.54 1.58 1.57 1.59 1.56  (b) 1.55  (b)
Euro area (17 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.47 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.50 1.50 1.52 1.54 1.58 1.57 1.59 1.56  (b) 1.56  (b)
Belgium 1.62 1.66 1.65 1.61 1.56 1.56 1.59 1.60 1.60 1.62 1.67 1.67 1.65 1.67 1.72 1.76 1.80 1.82 1.85 1.84 1.86 1.81  (b) 1.79
Bulgaria 1.82 1.66 1.55 1.46 1.37 1.23 1.23 1.09 1.11 1.23 1.26 1.21 1.21 1.23 1.29 1.32 1.38 1.49  (b) 1.56 1.66 1.57 1.51 1.50
Czech Republic 1.90 1.86 1.71 1.67 1.44 1.28 1.18 1.17 1.16 1.13 1.15 1.15 1.17 1.18 1.23 1.29 1.34 1.45 1.51 1.51 1.51 1.43 1.45
Denmark 1.67 1.68 1.76 1.75 1.81 1.80 1.75 1.75 1.72 1.73 1.77 1.74 1.72 1.76 1.78 1.80 1.85 1.84 1.89 1.84 1.87 1.75 1.73
Germany .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.38 1.35 1.34 1.34 1.36 1.34 1.33 1.37 1.38 1.36 1.39 1.36 1.38
Estonia 2.05 1.80 1.71 1.49 1.42 1.38 1.37 1.32 1.28 1.30 1.36 1.32 1.36 1.37 1.47 1.52 1.58 1.69 1.72 1.70 1.72 1.61 1.56
Ireland 2.11 2.08 1.99 1.90 1.85 1.84 1.88 1.93 1.94 1.90 1.89 1.94 1.97 1.96 1.93 1.86 1.91 2.01 2.06 2.06 2.05 2.03 2.01
Greece 1.40 1.38 1.39 1.34 1.35 1.31 1.28 1.28 1.26 1.24 1.27 1.25 1.27 1.28 1.30 1.32 1.40 1.38 1.47 1.49 1.51 1.39 1.34
Spain 1.36 1.33 1.32 1.27 1.20 1.17 1.16 1.18 1.16 1.19 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.30 1.31 1.33 1.36 1.38 1.45 1.38 1.37 1.34 1.32
France .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.78 1.81 1.89 1.90 1.88 1.89 1.92 1.94 2.00 1.98 2.01 2.00 2.03 2.01 2.01
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.46 1.42 1.41 1.43 1.50 1.47 1.48 1.55 1.58 1.55 1.48 1.51
Italy 1.33 1.30 1.30 1.25 1.21 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.21 1.23 1.26 1.25 1.27 1.29 1.34 1.34 1.37 1.40 1.45 1.45 1.46 1.44 1.43
Cyprus 2.41 2.32 2.48 2.24 2.17 2.03 1.95 1.86 1.76 1.67 1.64 1.57 1.49 1.51 1.52 1.48 1.52 1.44 1.48 1.47 1.44 1.35 1.39
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.25 1.22 1.26 1.32 1.29 1.39 1.46 1.54 1.58 1.46 1.36 1.33 1.44
Lithuania 2.03 2.01 1.97 1.74 1.57 1.55 1.49 1.47 1.46 1.46 1.39 1.29 1.23 1.26 1.27 1.29 1.33 1.36 1.45 1.50 1.50 1.55 1.60
Luxembourg 1.60 1.60 1.64 1.70 1.72 1.70 1.77 1.71 1.68 1.74 1.76 1.66 1.63 1.62 1.66 1.63 1.65 1.61 1.61 1.59 1.63 1.52 1.57  (b)
Hungary 1.87 1.87 1.77 1.68 1.64 1.57 1.46 1.37 1.32 1.28 1.32 1.31 1.30 1.27 1.28 1.31 1.34 1.32 1.35 1.32 1.25 1.26 1.34  (b)
Malta 2.04 2.04 2.11 2.00 1.88 1.81 2.03 1.98 1.88 1.77 1.70 1.48 1.45 1.48 1.40 1.38 1.36 1.35 1.43 1.42 1.36 1.45 1.43
Netherlands 1.62 1.61 1.59 1.57 1.57 1.53 1.53 1.56 1.63 1.65 1.72 1.71 1.73 1.75 1.72 1.71 1.72 1.72 1.77 1.79 1.79 1.76 1.72
Austria 1.46 1.51 1.51 1.50 1.47 1.42 1.45 1.39 1.37 1.34 1.36 1.33 1.39 1.38 1.42 1.41 1.41 1.38 1.41 1.39 1.44 1.43 1.44
Poland 2.06 2.07 1.95 1.87 1.81 1.62 1.59 1.51 1.44 1.38 1.37  (b) 1.31 1.25 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.27 1.31 1.39 1.40 1.38 1.30  (b) 1.30
Portugal 1.56 1.56 1.54 1.52 1.45 1.41 1.44 1.47 1.47 1.50 1.55 1.45 1.46 1.44 1.40 1.41 1.37 1.35 1.39 1.34 1.39 1.35 1.28
Romania 1.83 1.59 1.51 1.43 1.40 1.33 1.30 1.32 1.32 1.30 1.31 1.27 1.27 1.31 1.35 1.39 1.40 1.42 1.53 1.57 1.54 1.46 1.53
Slovenia 1.46 1.42 1.33 1.33 1.32 1.29 1.28 1.25 1.23 1.21 1.26 1.21 1.21 1.20 1.25 1.26 1.31 1.38 1.53 1.53 1.57 1.56 1.58
Slovakia 2.09 2.05 1.93 1.87 1.67 1.52 1.47 1.43 1.37 1.33 1.30 1.20 1.19 1.20 1.25 1.27 1.25 1.27 1.34 1.44 1.43 1.45 1.34
Finland 1.78 1.79 1.85 1.81 1.85 1.81 1.76 1.75 1.70 1.73 1.73 1.73 1.72 1.76 1.80 1.80 1.84 1.83 1.85 1.86 1.87 1.83 1.80
Sweden 2.13 2.11 2.09 1.99 1.88 1.73 1.60 1.52 1.50 1.50 1.54 1.57 1.65 1.71 1.75 1.77 1.85 1.88 1.91 1.94 1.98 1.90 1.91
United Kingdom 1.83 1.82 1.79 1.76 1.74 1.71 1.73 1.72 1.71 1.68 1.64 1.63 1.63 1.70 1.75 1.76 1.82 1.86 1.91 1.89 1.92 1.91 1.92
Iceland 2.30 2.18 2.21 2.22 2.14 2.08 2.12 2.04 2.05 1.99 2.08 1.95 1.93 1.99 2.04 2.05 2.08 2.09 2.15 2.23 2.20 2.02 2.04
Liechtenstein .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.57 1.52 1.47 1.36 1.44 1.49 1.43 1.42 1.43 1.71 1.40 1.69 1.51
Norway 1.93 1.92 1.88 1.86 1.87 1.87 1.89 1.86 1.81 1.85 1.85 1.78 1.75 1.80 1.83 1.84 1.90 1.90 1.96 1.98 1.95 1.88 1.85
Switzerland 1.58 1.58 1.58 1.51 1.49 1.48 1.50 1.48 1.47 1.48 1.50 1.38 1.39 1.39 1.42 1.42 1.44 1.46 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.52  (b) 1.52
Montenegro .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.60 1.63 1.69 1.77 1.85 1.69  (b) 1.65 1.71
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. .. .. 2.23 2.13 2.07 1.93 1.90 1.76 1.88 1.73 1.80 1.77 1.52 1.46 1.46 1.46 1.47 1.52 1.56 1.46 1.51
Serbia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.48 1.58 1.57 1.59 1.57 1.45 1.43 1.38 1.40 1.44 1.40 1.40  (b) 1.45
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 2.10 2.09 2.04 2.03 2.09
Albania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.79 1.61 1.38 .. .. .. .. .. ..
Russia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1.30 1.41 1.49 1.54 .. .. ..

(..) - not available
(b) - break in time series

Source: Eurostat

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