15,825 people were born and 15,790 people died in 2010. The number of births exceeded the number of deaths last 21 years ago in 1990.
In 2010, 62 children more were born than a year earlier but the number of births was still smaller by about 200 than the last decade’s record in 2008 when more than 16,000 children were born.
On the contrary the number of deaths has been rapidly decreasing during the last three years and in 2010 291 people less died than a year earlier. Thus the positive natural increase was mainly achieved due to the decrease in the number of deaths.
Births, deaths and natural increase, 1990–2010
617,757 males and 722,437 females lived in Estonia at the beginning of 2011. Population growth continued due to the natural increase in Harju and Tartu counties.
Population by county, 1 January 2011
|County ||Population |
|Whole Estonia ||1 340 194 |
|Harju county ||528 468 |
|Hiiu county ||10 000 |
|Ida-Viru county ||167 542 |
|Jõgeva county ||36 550 |
|Järva county ||35 963 |
|Lääne county ||27 283 |
|Lääne-Viru county ||66 861 |
|Põlva county ||30 778 |
|Pärnu county ||88 327 |
|Rapla county ||36 652 |
|Saare county ||34 577 |
|Tartu county ||150 535 |
|Valga county ||33 889 |
|Viljandi county ||55 275 |
|Võru county ||37 494 |
Natural increase is the difference between births and deaths during the year. Positive natural increase shows the predominance of births, and negative natural increase – the predominance of deaths. Only live births are taken into account as births in population registration.
The preliminary population and natural increase was published by Statistics Estonia on 21 January. The revised data differ from preliminary data because the data of deaths and births in January were based on the registration month. The revised data are based on the actual month of the event.
In Estonia two population numbers are in use – one based on the data of Statistics Estonia and the other based on the Population Register. The population number published by Statistics Estonia is based on the 2000 Population and Housing Census data which are supplemented with the annual data on registered births and deaths. The Population Register data are based on the registration of a person's place of residence. Internationally, the Census data are considered more accurate than the Register data, because people may have different reasons for alteration of data while registering their place of residence. At the same time, the quality of Statistics Estonia’s data is deteriorated by the long period of time since the last Census and by the fact that the population number does not include migration data. Thus, it is very important that the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC 2011) would be a success and we could switch to one population number after that.
PHC 2011 is going to take place from 31.12.2011 to 31.03.2012 and it will be conducted using a combined method: from 31.12.2011 to 31.01.2012 permanent residents can fill out the Census questionnaire over the Internet and those who do not use the e-Census option will be interviewed by the enumerator at home from 16.02 to 31.03.2012.