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Location: Statistics > International statistics > EU statistics Eesti keeles

Early school leavers by gender

Percentage of the population aged 18-24 with at most lower secondary education and not in further education or training

From 20 November 2009, this indicator is based on annual averages of quarterly data instead of one unique reference quarter in spring. See footnotes for further details.

Early school leavers refers to persons aged 18 to 24 in the following two conditions: the highest level of education or training attained is ISCED 0, 1, 2 or 3c short and respondents declared not having received any education or training in the four weeks preceding the survey (numerator). The denominator consists of the total population of the same age group, excluding no answers to the questions "highest level of education or training attained" and "participation to education and training". Both the numerators and the denominators come from the EU Labour Force Survey.

Additional information on Eurostat web page

Total
  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 TARGET
EU (28 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.9 16.4  (b) 16.0 15.7 15.4 14.9 14.7 14.2 13.9 13.4 12.7 11.9 10  (d)
EU (27 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17.6  (e) 17.2  (e) 17.0 16.5  (b) 16.1 15.8 15.5 15.0 14.8 14.3 14.0 13.5 12.8 12.0 10  (d)
Euro area (18 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.6  (b) 19.1  (e) 18.9 18.3  (b) 17.9 17.7 17.4 16.8 16.5 15.9 15.5 14.7 13.8 12.9 ..
Euro area (17 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.6  (b) 19.1  (e) 18.9 18.3  (b) 17.9 17.7 17.4 16.8 16.5 15.9 15.5 14.8 13.9 12.9 ..
Belgium 18.1 17.4 16.1 15.1 12.9 12.7 14.5 15.2  (b) 13.8 13.8 14.1 14.3 13.1  (b) 12.9 12.6 12.1 12.0 11.1 11.9 12.3 12.0 11.0 9.5
Bulgaria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.5 20.7 21.9 21.4 20.4 17.3 14.9 14.8 14.7 13.9 11.8 12.5 12.5 11
Czech Republic .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.7 6.5  (b) 6.3 6.2 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.4 4.9 4.9 5.5 5.4 5.5
Denmark 15.2 8.5 8.6 6.1 12.1  (b) 10.7 9.8 11.5 11.7 9.2 9.0 10.4  (b) 8.8 8.7 9.1 12.9  (b) 12.5 11.3 11.0 9.6 9.1 8.0 10  (d)
Germany .. .. .. .. 13.3 12.9 .. 14.9 14.6 12.3 12.5 12.8  (d) 12.1 13.5  (b) 13.7 12.5 11.8 11.1 11.9 11.7 10.6 9.9 10  (d)
Estonia .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.6 14.0 15.1 14.4 13.2 12.9 13.1 13.4 13.5 14.4 14.0 13.9 11.6 10.9 10.5 9.7 9.5
Ireland 27.1 24.0 22.9 21.4 18.9 18.9 .. .. .. .. 14.6 13.1  (b) 13.1 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.3 11.7 11.5 10.8 9.7 8.4 8
Greece 25.2 25.0 23.2 22.4 20.7 19.9 20.7 18.6 18.2 17.1 16.5 16.0  (b) 14.7 13.6 15.5 14.6 14.8 14.5 13.7 13.1 11.4 10.1 9.7
Spain 40.4 37.7 36.4 33.8 31.4 30.0 29.6 29.5 29.1 29.7 30.7 31.6 32.0 30.8  (b) 30.5 31.0 31.9 31.2 28.4 26.5 24.9 23.5 15  (d)
France .. 17.2 16.4 15.4 15.2 14.1 14.9 14.7 13.3 13.5 13.4 12.4  (b) 12.1 12.2 12.4 12.6 11.5 12.2 12.6 12.0 11.6 9.7  (b) 9.5
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.0 7.9 5.4  (u) 5.1  (u) 4.7  (u) 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.7 4.1 4.2 3.7 4
Italy 37.5 37.1  (b) 35.1 32.8 31.7 30.1 28.4 27.2 25.1 25.9 24.2 23.0 22.9 22.3 20.6 19.7 19.7 19.2 18.8 18.2 17.6 17.0 16
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17.5 18.5 17.9 15.9 17.3  (b) 20.6 18.2  (b) 14.9 12.5 13.7 11.7 12.7 11.3 11.4 9.1 10
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.9 18.0 14.7 14.4 14.8 15.1 15.5 13.9 13.3 11.6  (b) 10.6 9.8 13.4
Lithuania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.5 14.9  (b) 13.4  (b) 11.4 10.5  (b) 8.1 8.2 7.8 7.5 8.7 7.9 7.4 6.5 6.3 9  (d)
Luxembourg 42.2 36.8 34.4 33.4 35.3 30.7 .. 19.1  (b) 16.8 18.1 17.0 12.3  (b) 12.7 13.3 14.0 12.5 13.4 7.7  (b) 7.1 6.2 8.1 6.1 10  (d)
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. 17.8 15.9 13.0 13.9 13.1 12.2 12.0  (b) 12.6 12.5 12.6 11.4 11.7 11.2 10.5 11.2 11.5 11.8 10
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54.2  (p) 54.4  (p) 53.2  (p) 49.9  (p) 42.1  (p) 33.0  (b) 33.1 32.7 29.3 28.0 25.9 23.6 22.6 20.9 10
Netherlands .. .. .. .. 17.6 16.0 15.5 16.2 15.4 15.1 15.3 14.3  (b) 14.1 13.5 12.6 11.7 11.4 10.9 10.0  (b) 9.1 8.8 9.2 8
Austria .. .. .. 13.6 12.1 10.8 .. 10.7 10.2 10.2 9.5 9.0  (b) 9.5  (d) 9.1 9.8 10.7 10.1 8.7 8.3 8.3 7.6 7.3 9.5
Poland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.4 7.2 6.0 5.6  (b) 5.3 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 4.5
Portugal 50.0 46.7 44.3 41.4 40.1 40.6 46.6  (b) 44.9 43.6 44.2 45.0 41.2 39.4  (b) 38.8 39.1 36.9 35.4 31.2 28.7 23.2 20.8 19.2 10
Romania .. .. .. .. .. 19.7 19.1 21.5 22.9 21.7 23.0 22.5 22.4  (b) 19.6 17.9 17.3 15.9 16.6 18.4 17.5 17.4 17.3 11.3
Slovenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.4 5.1 4.6  (b) 4.3 4.9 5.6 4.1 5.1 5.3 5.0 4.2 4.4 3.9 5
Slovakia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.7 5.3  (b) 6.8 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.0 4.9 4.7 5.1 5.3 6.4 6  (d)
Finland .. .. .. .. 11.1 8.1 7.9 9.9 9.0  (b) 9.5 9.7 10.1  (b) 10.0 10.3 9.7 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3  (d) 9.8 8.9 9.3 8
Sweden .. .. .. .. 7.5 6.8 .. 6.9 7.3  (d) 10.2  (b) 10.0  (d) 9.2  (d) 9.2  (d) 10.8  (d) 8.6  (b) 8.0 7.9 7.0 6.5 6.6 7.5 7.1 10  (d)
United Kingdom 34.7 36.3 32.3 .. .. .. .. 19.8  (b) 18.2 17.8 17.6 .. 12.1 11.6 11.3 16.6  (b) 17.0 15.7 14.9 15.0 13.6 12.4 ..  (d)
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 30.3 29.8 30.9 28.8 20.3  (b) 24.9 24.9 25.6 23.2 24.4 21.3 22.6 19.7 20.1 20.5 ..
Norway .. .. .. .. 10.9 7.3 .. .. 12.9 8.9 13.5 6.3  (b) 4.7 4.6 17.8  (b) 18.4 17.0 17.6 17.4 16.6 14.8 13.7 ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. 6.1 6.5 4.9 5.0 7.3 6.6 6.7 9.7  (b) 9.5 9.7 9.6  (d) 7.6 7.7 9.1  (d) 6.6 6.3 5.5 5.4 ..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.8 19.9 19.6 16.2 15.5 13.5 11.7 11.4 ..
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 48.8 46.9 45.5 44.3 43.1 41.9 39.6 37.5 ..
Males
  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 TARGET
EU (28 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.0 18.5  (b) 18.3 17.7 17.4 16.9 16.7 16.1 15.8 15.3 14.4 13.6 ..
EU (27 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.6  (e) 19.2  (e) 19.1 18.6  (b) 18.4 17.8 17.5 17.0 16.8 16.2 15.9 15.4 14.5 13.6 ..
Euro area (18 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.3  (b) 21.8  (e) 21.6 21.1  (b) 20.8 20.3 20.1 19.5 19.1 18.3 18.0 17.0 15.9 14.7 ..
Euro area (17 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.3  (b) 21.8  (e) 21.6 21.0  (b) 20.8 20.3 20.1 19.5 19.1 18.3 18.0 17.0 15.9 14.7 ..
Belgium 19.8 18.5 18.0 16.6 14.7 14.2 16.7 17.7  (b) 16.4 16.2 17.1 16.9 15.4  (b) 15.3 15.1 13.9 13.4 12.8 13.8 14.9 14.4 13.2 ..
Bulgaria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.0 22.0 22.5 22.2 20.6 17.7 15.2 14.1 13.7 13.2 11.2 12.1 12.3 ..
Czech Republic .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.4 5.9  (b) 6.1 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.4 6.1 5.4 ..
Denmark 18.1 9.0 9.3 5.2 12.2  (b) 11.0 9.5 14.2 12.8 10.8 9.9 10.7  (b) 10.5 10.5 10.5 16.2  (b) 15.0 14.3 14.1 12.1 10.8 9.9 ..
Germany .. .. .. .. 12.5 12.3 .. 14.2 14.4 12.0 12.5 12.9  (d) 12.2 13.3  (b) 14.0 13.1 12.4 11.5 12.7 12.7 11.3 10.4 ..
Estonia .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.0 19.0 19.4 18.0 16.9 17.0 18.6 17.1 19.8 21.7 19.8 18.4 15.2 13.1 14.0 13.6 ..
Ireland 31.3 27.9 26.9 25.7 23.5 22.6 .. .. .. .. 18.0 16.2  (b) 16.0 15.4 15.2 14.6 14.5 14.7 13.4 12.8 11.2 9.8 ..
Greece 28.8 28.6 26.6 26.6 24.2 23.7 25.5 22.1 22.9 21.0 20.6 20.0  (b) 18.1 17.6 20.2 18.6 18.5 18.3 16.5 16.1 13.7 12.7 ..
Spain 44.9 42.7 41.4 38.4 36.7 35.3 35.3 35.3 35.0 36.0 36.8 38.1 38.7 36.6  (b) 36.7 36.6 38.0 37.4 33.5 31.0 28.8 27.0 ..
France .. 18.9 18.2 16.7 16.9 15.3 16.2 16.0 14.8 15.0 14.9 14.0  (b) 14.0 14.1 14.3 14.9 13.5 14.3 15.1 13.8 13.4 10.7  (b) ..
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.2  (u) 9.2  (u) 6.2  (u) 6.0  (u) 5.3  (u) 5.1 4.1  (u) 4.1  (u) 4.6  (u) 4.8  (u) 4.6  (u) 4.7  (u) ..
Italy 40.0 39.7  (b) 37.5 35.5 34.5 33.1 32.3 30.3 28.5 29.6 27.8 26.5 27.0 26.0 23.9 22.9 22.6 22.0 22.0 21.0 20.5 20.2 ..
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 24.6 25.0 23.9 22.3 24.1  (b) 27.2 27.2  (b) 22.5 19.5 19.0 15.2 16.2 15.1 16.5 14.8 ..
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 22.7 22.6 19.8 18.2 18.9 20.0 20.2 17.5 17.2 15.8  (b) 14.7 13.6 ..
Lithuania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.0 19.0  (b) 15.4  (b) 13.6 12.4  (u) 10.7  (u) 10.5  (u) 10.1  (u) 10.2  (u) 11.6 9.8 10.0 8.1 7.8 ..
Luxembourg 43.2 32.1 33.3 32.9 32.8 30.9 .. 18.9  (b) 15.9 19.0 14.4 14.3  (b) 12.6 17.0 17.6 16.6 15.8 8.9  (b) 8.0 7.6 10.7 8.4 ..
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. 18.1 16.4 13.3 14.4 13.6 12.5 12.7  (b) 13.6 13.7 13.8 12.6 12.5 12.0 11.5 12.1 12.2 12.5 ..
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 52.5  (p) 55.3  (p) 56.5  (p) 51.7  (p) 44.3  (p) 37.9  (b) 37.5 36.9 32.6 32.0 32.6 29.6 27.5 23.2 ..
Netherlands .. .. .. .. 18.1 16.8 17.0 17.5 16.6 16.3 16.8 15.6  (b) 16.4 15.9 15.1 14.0 14.0 13.1 12.1  (b) 10.8 10.2 10.9 ..
Austria .. .. .. 9.9 9.2 9.0 .. 9.6 9.6 9.7 8.7 8.3  (b) 10.2  (d) 9.6 10.0 11.4 10.4 8.5 8.4 8.8 7.9 7.7 ..
Poland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 9.0 8.9 7.6 7.3  (b) 6.8 6.9 6.2 6.1 6.6 7.2 7.4 7.8 7.9 ..
Portugal 56.2 52.9 49.4 47.1 45.6 46.8 52.0  (b) 50.8 50.9 51.6 52.6 48.7 47.7  (b) 46.7 46.6 43.1 41.9 36.1 32.7 28.2 27.1 23.6 ..
Romania .. .. .. .. .. 19.4 19.8 23.0 23.8 22.1 23.9 23.6 23.7  (b) 20.1 17.8 17.1 15.9 16.1 18.6 18.5 18.0 18.6 ..
Slovenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8.1 6.8 6.6  (b) 6.0 6.5 7.1 5.8 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.7 5.4 5.0 ..
Slovakia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7.6 5.7  (b) 7.3 6.7 7.3 7.2 7.1 5.7 4.6 5.4 6.0 6.7 ..
Finland .. .. .. .. 11.4 9.1 8.6 12.0 11.5  (b) 12.1 11.8 12.0  (b) 12.5 12.4 11.8 11.2 12.1 10.7 11.6  (d) 11.2 9.8 10.4 ..
Sweden .. .. .. .. 9.0 7.3 .. 7.7 8.7  (d) 11.0  (b) 11.0  (d) 10.2  (d) 10.6  (d) 11.9  (d) 10.1  (b) 9.5 9.0 8.0 7.5 7.8 8.5 7.9 ..
United Kingdom 32.8 34.1 31.0 .. .. .. .. 20.2  (b) 18.8 18.6 18.1 .. 13.0 12.6 12.3 17.6  (b) 18.3 16.9 15.8 16.2 14.7 13.7 ..
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 28.1 29.9 35.0 32.7 23.0  (b) 28.3 29.7 29.0 27.2 26.2 25.1 26.0 22.2 23.6 24.4 ..
Norway .. .. .. .. 10.6 7.4 .. .. 12.8 9.7 14.4 7.7  (b) 5.2 5.3 22.5  (b) 22.7 21.0 21.8 21.4 19.9 17.6 15.7 ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. 4.3 5.6 5.3 3.9 7.4 6.7 6.3 10.4  (b) 9.9 10.0 10.7  (d) 8.5 7.8 8.8  (d) 6.1 6.8 5.7 5.6 ..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.9 17.9 17.6 14.1 13.7 11.9 11.1 9.1 ..
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 41.3 39.0 37.9 37.9 37.8 37.7 36.1 35.0 ..
Females
  1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 TARGET
EU (28 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.9 14.3  (b) 13.7 13.7 13.3 12.8 12.7 12.3 12.0 11.5 10.9 10.2 ..
EU (27 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.5  (e) 15.2  (e) 14.9 14.4  (b) 13.8 13.8 13.4 12.9 12.8 12.4 12.1 11.6 11.0 10.3 ..
Euro area (18 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.9  (b) 16.4  (e) 16.1 15.6  (b) 14.9 15.0 14.6 14.1 13.8 13.4 13.0 12.4 11.7 11.0 ..
Euro area (17 countries) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17.0  (b) 16.5  (e) 16.2 15.6  (b) 14.9 15.1 14.6 14.1 13.8 13.4 13.0 12.5 11.7 11.0 ..
Belgium 16.5 16.3 14.2 13.5 11.0 11.2 12.3 12.7  (b) 11.0 11.3 11.0 11.6 10.8  (b) 10.5 10.0 10.3 10.6 9.3 10.0 9.7 9.5 8.7 ..
Bulgaria .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.0 19.4 21.3 20.6 20.3 17.0 14.7 15.5 15.8 14.5 12.6 13.0 12.7 ..
Czech Republic .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.9 7.0  (b) 6.6 6.3 4.9 4.7 5.4 5.2 4.8 4.4 4.9 5.5 ..
Denmark 12.2 7.9 7.9 6.9 12.1  (b) 10.3 10.0 9.1 10.4 7.7 8.2 10.0  (b) 7.1 6.9 7.7 9.5  (b) 10.0 8.1 7.7 7.0 7.4 6.2 ..
Germany .. .. .. .. 14.2 13.5 .. 15.6 14.9 12.6 12.5 12.8  (d) 11.9 13.7  (b) 13.4 11.9 11.2 10.7 11.0 10.8 9.9 9.3 ..
Estonia .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.1 9.2 11.0 10.8 9.4 8.6 7.8 9.6 7.1 7.1 8.2 9.3 7.8 8.6 7.1 5.8 ..
Ireland 22.7 19.9 18.8 17.1 14.2 15.1 .. .. .. .. 11.2 9.8  (b) 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.4 8.0 8.6 9.6 8.8 8.2 6.9 ..
Greece 22.0 21.8 20.2 18.8 17.8 16.7 16.1 15.4 13.6 13.2 12.5 11.9  (b) 11.3 9.7 10.8 10.6 10.9 10.6 10.8 10.1 9.1 7.6 ..
Spain 36.1 32.9 31.4 29.2 26.1 24.8 24.1 23.6 23.2 23.1 24.2 24.8 25.1 24.9  (b) 24.0 25.2 25.7 24.7 23.1 21.9 20.8 19.9 ..
France .. 15.7 14.8 14.2 13.6 13.0 13.6 13.4 11.9 12.0 11.9 10.8  (b) 10.3 10.4 10.6 10.3 9.5 10.1 10.0 10.2 9.8 8.8  (b) ..
Croatia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6.9  (u) 6.4  (u) 4.6  (u) 4.2  (u) 4.1  (u) 2.6  (u) 3.3  (u) 3.6  (u) 2.6  (u) 3.4  (u) 3.6  (u) 2.7  (u) ..
Italy 35.2 34.5  (b) 32.8 30.2 29.0 27.3 24.5 24.2 21.7 22.2 20.5 19.6 18.9 18.5 17.1 16.4 16.7 16.3 15.4 15.2 14.5 13.7 ..
Cyprus .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.3 13.9 13.1 11.0 11.8  (b) 14.9 10.4  (b) 8.2 6.8 9.5 8.7 9.8 8.1 7.0 4.2 ..
Latvia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 11.0 13.4 9.5 10.4 10.4 10.1 10.7 10.4 9.4 7.5  (b) 6.3 5.8 ..
Lithuania .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.8 11.0  (b) 11.4  (u) 9.1  (u) 8.6  (u) 5.6  (u) 5.8  (u) 5.5  (u) 4.7  (u) 5.8 6.0 4.6  (u) 4.6  (u) 4.7  (u) ..
Luxembourg 41.1 41.7 35.5 33.9 37.9 30.5 .. 19.4  (b) 17.6 17.2 19.6 10.2  (b) 12.7 9.6 10.4 8.4 10.9 6.6  (b) 6.0 4.8  (u) 5.5 3.7  (u) ..
Hungary .. .. .. .. .. 17.6 15.4 12.7 13.4 12.6 11.9 11.3  (b) 11.5 11.3 11.4 10.1 10.9 10.4 9.5 10.3 10.7 11.1 ..
Malta .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56.1  (p) 53.5  (p) 49.7  (p) 48.0  (p) 39.8  (p) 27.9  (b) 28.5 28.1 25.7 23.5 18.5 17.1 17.6 18.2 ..
Netherlands .. .. .. .. 17.1 15.2 14.0 14.9 14.1 13.8 13.8 12.9  (b) 11.7 11.1 10.1 9.3 8.8 8.6 7.8  (b) 7.2 7.3 7.4 ..
Austria .. .. .. 17.3 14.9 12.5 .. 11.9 10.7 10.7 10.2 9.8  (b) 8.8  (d) 8.7 9.7 10.1 9.8 8.9 8.2 7.8 7.3 7.0 ..
Poland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.9 5.6 4.4 3.9  (b) 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.2 ..
Portugal 44.2 40.7 39.2 35.5 34.4 34.4 41.2  (b) 38.9 36.3 36.7 37.2 33.6 31.0  (b) 30.7 31.3 30.4 28.6 26.1 24.6 18.1 14.3 14.5 ..
Romania .. .. .. .. .. 20.0 18.4 20.0 22.0 21.4 22.1 21.5 21.1  (b) 19.1 18.0 17.4 16.0 17.2 18.2 16.6 16.7 16.0 ..
Slovenia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.8 3.2  (u) 2.4  (u) 2.5  (u) 3.2  (u) 4.0  (u) 2.2  (u) 2.6  (u) 3.2  (u) 3.3  (u) 2.5  (u) 3.2  (u) 2.6  (u) ..
Slovakia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 5.8 4.8  (b) 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.8 4.9 4.1 4.9 4.6 4.6 6.1 ..
Finland .. .. .. .. 10.8 7.0 7.2 7.9 6.5  (b) 7.1 7.6 8.2  (b) 7.5 8.2 7.8 7.2 7.7 9.0 9.0  (d) 8.4 8.1 8.3 ..
Sweden .. .. .. .. 6.0 6.2 .. 6.1 5.8  (d) 9.3  (b) 8.9  (d) 8.1  (d) 7.8  (d) 9.7  (d) 7.1  (b) 6.5 6.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 6.3 6.2 ..
United Kingdom 36.7 38.5 33.6 .. .. .. .. 19.4  (b) 17.5 17.0 17.1 .. 11.2 10.6 10.2 15.6  (b) 15.6 14.5 14.0 13.8 12.4 11.2 ..
Iceland .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32.7 29.6 26.5 24.8 17.4  (b) 21.4 19.8 21.8 18.7 22.4 17.4 19.0 17.1 16.5 16.4 ..
Norway .. .. .. .. 11.1 7.3 .. .. 12.9 8.1 12.6 5.0  (b) 4.1 4.0 13.1  (b) 14.1 12.9 13.4 13.2 13.1 11.9 11.6 ..
Switzerland .. .. .. .. 8.0 7.5 4.5 6.2 7.1 6.5 7.1 9.1  (b) 9.1 9.3 8.4  (d) 6.7 7.5 9.4  (d) 7.0 5.7 5.3 5.2 ..
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 25.9 22.0 21.7 18.5 17.5 15.2 12.3 13.9 ..
Turkey .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 55.6 54.1 52.5 50.2 47.9 45.7 43.0 39.9 ..

(..) - not available
(b) - break in time series
(d) - definition differs, see metadata
(e) - estimated
(u) - low reliability
(p) - provisional

Source: Eurostat

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