Data of the Agricultural Census 2010 and data of the Agricultural Census 2001 recalculated on the basis of EU requirements are published in the Statistical Database: Economy > Agriculture > Structure of agricultural holdings.
Production of cereals increased year on year
The total area of utilised agricultural land did not change considerably in 2017. Production of field crops was higher than in the previous year, but a lot of production was not harvested. The number of pigs increased and the number of cattle also increased slightly. Less meat but more milk and eggs were produced than in the previous year.
Good yield slightly compensated for harvesting losses
According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 3,967 tonnes per hectare in 2017. This is a very good result given the weather conditions in the previous year.
Milk production increased slightly
According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 791,800 tonnes in 2017, which is 1% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows increased slightly by the end of the year and also the average annual milk production per cow increased.
Harvesting is halfway to completion
According to Statistics Estonia, by 15 September, 57% of the sown area of cereals, 47% of the sown area of rape and turnip rape, and 49% of the area under potatoes had been harvested in Estonia.
Common agricultural policy of the European Union and rural jobs
Changes in the society and especially in the economy have shaped both rural economy and rural life as a whole, which has resulted in decreased importance of agriculture both in employment and value added.
Exports of agricultural products and food preparations from the Baltic states and Finland in 2010−2016
Throughout history, agricultural and food production has been one of the most important activities for humanity, ensuring employment in rural areas and food for the entire population. This article takes a look at exports of agricultural products and food preparations from Estonia in 2010−2016 along with the main destination countries.
The role of the agri-food supply chain in the Estonian economy
Economic development leads to decrease in the importance of the primary sector (agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing). The first and second industrial revolutiona resulted in a significant increase in the share of the secondary sector (mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; construction).
In 2016, there were 1,003,500 hectares of utilised agricultural area in Estonia, of which 994,300 hectares were in the possession of agricultural holdings and 9,200 hectares in home gardens and small units.
In 2016, the total area of utilised agricultural land increased, but the number of cattle and pigs decreased. Production of field crops was smaller than the previous year. Milk production was at the same level as the year before and meat and egg production were smaller.
The number of agricultural holdings continues to decrease
In 2013, it seemed that long-term rapid decrease in the number of agricultural holdings had stopped, but the initial results of the Farm Structure Survey 2016 indicate that the number of agricultural holdings has started to decline again in the past three years. Moreover, many holdings have re-organised their activities. This is due to the restrictions on the size of maintained permanent grassland, crisis in dairy production and African swine fever.