The aim of the national cultural statistics is to give feedback about the performance of Estonian culture and its subject areas and developments on the territory of Estonia. The main statistical developments of the cultural space outside Estonia are still lying ahead.
The year 2017 in Estonia has been declared the Children and Youth Year of Culture; keywords of the year are independence and collaboration. To celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia, a series of events called Children’s Republic are organised.
In 2016, cultural life in Estonia was fruitful. Cinemas, museums and theatres were visited more often. Cultural services are used more and more on the Internet. Reading media publications and the use of libraries is becoming more electronic and the more wide-spread use of e-books causes the number of printed books to decrease.
Estonian feature film “Class Reunion” broke many records last year
According to Statistics Estonia, the most popular film in Estonian cinemas in 2016 was the Estonian comedy “Class Reunion”. In the cinema attendance rankings since the restoration of independence, “Class Reunion” came second after James Cameron’s “Avatar”.
The number of museum visits was up last year
Museums continue to be popular in Estonia. According to Statistics Estonia, there were 3.5 million museum visits in 2016, which is 6% more than the year before.
Possibility for equal society – lessons from cultural consumption
Participating in cultural life as a spectator or as a creator is appealing, improves people’s mental capacity, increases emotional intelligence (see the similarities between flow and art appreciation, e.g. in Csikszentmihalyi and Robinson 1990) and life satisfaction (Hion et al. 1988: 118). In addition to developing these important 21st century skills, culture also serves as a powerful medium that can be used to bring about social changes (Adams 2002; Sharpe 2008; Bredeson 2008) or to reinforce existing power relations (Bourdieu 1984; Alexander, Giesen and Mast 2006).
The annual cinema attendance, which in 2014 reached an all-time record since the restoration of independence, increased exponentially in 2015 and exceeded the threshold of 3 million. The indicator has been growing steadily for the last 10 years. In 2015, the growth even achieved the level of 19%, with the number of cinema visits totalling 3.1 million. 2015 was also a good year for the Estonian film industry since, in comparison to 2014, when 28 Estonian films were screened, 129% or 64 more Estonian films were shown in cinemas. In total, there were 379 films screened in cinemas, of which, in addition to Estonian productions, 140 were productions of the United States of America, 159 European films and 16 films of other countries. The average price of a cinema ticket was 5 euros. Cinema visitors preferred comedies the most – 59.5% of the cinemagoers mentioned this genre amongst their favourites.
Last year, the cinema screenings of European films outnumbered those of American films for the first time
According to Statistics Estonia, there were 3.1 million cinema visits in Estonia in 2015, which is an all-time record since the restoration of independence. A record number of films were screened in Estonian cinemas, with the majority of the films being European ones for the first time.
The number of museum visits fell slightly last year
The news release "The number of museum visits fell slightly last year" published on 13.05.2016 was corrected on 19.05.2016. Please consider the data marked in red as correct.
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2015, Estonian museums were visited 3.3 million times, which is 4% less than a year before. The number of museums remained unchanged compared to 2014.
The Baltic Sea has fed and covered Estonians for thousands of years; hence, it is deeply rooted in the Estonian cultural space. Considering this, 2016 has been declared the Year of Maritime Culture in order to show the infl uence of the sea on Estonian history, work, food, culture, education, traditions, beliefs and so on.
In 2014, an all-time record since the restoration of independence was reached in cinema attendance with 2.6 million cinema visits. For the last nine years, the number of cinema visits has grown each year. In 2014, there were 353 films screened in Estonian cinemas, 28 of these films were Estonian productions, 157 productions of the USA, 148 European films and 20 films of other countries. The average price of a cinema ticket was 4.9 euros and the total box office of cinemas was 12.8 million euros. During one cinema visit, a visitor spends an average of 10.9 euros, nearly 8 euros of which are spent at the cinema and 2.9 euros on transport and other expenses outside the cinema.