More energy- and resource efficient production, following the principles of environmental production, the production of products with greater value added instead of those requiring more resources and the development of ecodesign are all measures which should ensure that, in meeting its needs, the human society would stay inside the constraints of the natural cycles. According to several wellknown scientistsa, the critical limits of planet Earth have already been exceeded in the case of the nitrogen cycle and biodiversity. Other outstanding problem areas include climate change, the acidification of oceans and exceeding the limits of the phosphorus cycle.
Estonia is a maritime country with an approximately 3,800-kilometre-long coastline, and 1,521 bigger and smaller islands. The Estonian relief is mostly flat and differences between elevations are small. However, plateaus and uplands make flat areas more interesting.
Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable DevelopmentWhat progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
The terrain of Estonia is rather flat. The highest peak is the 318-metre Suur Munamägi. Estonia’s nature is very varied and rich in different species, there are many forests and bogs here. The biggest bog in Estonia is the Puhatu bog, which covers 468 km².