Environment

Nature

Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 8)

Estonia is one of the most forest-rich countries in Europe – 51% of its land is forest land. In terms of forest coverage, Estonia ranks sixth after Finland, Sweden, Slovenia, Montenegro and Latvia. 27% of the total forest land is under protection. The most common tree species are pine, birch and spruce.

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Environment

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 36)
Kaia Oras

By 2015 the use of oil shale had increased 21% compared to 2005. During the same period, waste generation increased 34% and greenhouse gas emissions 10%. It is regrettable that while the economy has generally grown, the value added generated in the economy has increased slower than the use of resources.

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Environmental protection services on the Estonian market

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/16. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Grete Luukas

The environmental protection expenditure accounts describe environmental market components and cash flows related to the environment – volume of environmental protection services produced in the country, consumption of environmental protection services available on the market, and financing of their production and consumption. In 2010, the total contribution to environmental protection in Estonia amounted to 548 million euros, of which consumption of environmental services constituted a majority and capital expenditure almost a third. When including foreign support, the environmental protection expenditure of Estonia was 594 million euros.

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The quantity of pesticides placed on the market in Estonia increased in 2015

news release no 135

According to Statistics Estonia, 691 tons of pesticides (by active substance) were placed on the market in Estonia in 2015, which was 15% more than in the previous year. The quantity of sold pesticides has been increasing in the last five years.

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Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)
Kaia Oras

The year 2015 was special in the environmental sphere. The representatives of about 200 countries signed the Paris agreement on the control of carbon emissions with the purpose of keeping global warming within the limit of 2 degrees compared to the pre-industrial era. At the same time, the UN global sustainable development action plan and 17 sustainable development goals were agreed for the next 15 years. All these goals are interlinked and balance three dimensions of sustainable development: economical, social and environmental dimensions. Estonia’s actions in ensuring and further shaping environmental protection are also focused on achieving these two agreements.

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Nature

Minifacts about Estonia 2016 (p. 4)

In order to preserve naturally diverse landscapes and habitats, 22% of Estonia’s territory (incl. territorial sea) is under protection. As at 31 December 2014, Estonia has 5 national parks, 148 nature conservation areas, 152 landscape conservation areas, 96 areas protected under old protection regulations, 538 parks and forest stands, 343 special conservation areas, 1,357 species protection sites, 20 natural objects protected at the local government level and 1,228 separate protected natural objects. In addition, 568 protected plant, animal, fungal, and lichen species have been included in the National Red List of Threatened Species.

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Environmental goods and services sector as a developing economic sector

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/15. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 20)

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Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 40)
Kaia Oras

More energy- and resource efficient production, following the principles of environmental production, the production of products with greater value added instead of those requiring more resources and the development of ecodesign are all measures which should ensure that, in meeting its needs, the human society would stay inside the constraints of the natural cycles. According to several wellknown scientistsa, the critical limits of planet Earth have already been exceeded in the case of the nitrogen cycle and biodiversity. Other outstanding problem areas include climate change, the acidification of oceans and exceeding the limits of the phosphorus cycle.

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Nature

Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 4)

Estonia is a maritime country with an approximately 3,800-kilometre-long coastline, and 1,521 bigger and smaller islands. The Estonian relief is mostly flat and differences between elevations are small. However, plateaus and uplands make flat areas more interesting.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

publication
What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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