Environment

Nature

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Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 4)

Estonia is a maritime country with an approximately 3,800-kilometre-long coastline, and 1,521 bigger and smaller islands. The Estonian relief is mostly flat and differences between elevations are small. However, plateaus and uplands make flat areas more interesting.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

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What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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Nature

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Eesti piirkondlik areng. 2014. Regional Development in Estonia (p. 9)

The terrain of Estonia is rather flat. The highest peak is the 318-metre Suur Munamägi. Estonia’s nature is very varied and rich in different species, there are many forests and bogs here. The biggest bog in Estonia is the Puhatu bog, which covers 468 km².

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Environment

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Kaia Oras
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)

In terms of the environment, the biggest challenge of the 21st century on the local and international level is finding solutions to various environmental problems. Climate change, shortage of natural resources, waste in the environment, decreasing biological diversity, toxic chemicals, water pollution, shortage of water resources and air pollution are just some of the problems for which solutions are needed. Climate change has become one of the most important issues internationally. The Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth sets the following targets for the European Union (EU) for the year 2020: decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases by 20%, increase energy efficiency by 20% and ensure the coverage of 20% of the final energy demand from renewable resources.

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Nature

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Minifacts about Estonia 2014 (p. 4)

The low population density of Estonia has favoured the diversity of our landscapes and communities. The coastline, which extends over approximately 3,800 kilometres, is indented and diverse with diff erent types of beaches. Estonia has over 1,500 islands in total and they are special because many of them provide a habitat for birds.

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