Environment

Nature

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Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 8)

Estonia is one of the most forest-rich countries in Europe – 51% of its land is forest land. In terms of forest coverage, Estonia ranks sixth after Finland, Sweden, Slovenia, Montenegro and Latvia. 27% of the total forest land is under protection. The most common tree species are pine, birch and spruce.

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Environment

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Kaia Oras
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 36)

By 2015 the use of oil shale had increased 21% compared to 2005. During the same period, waste generation increased 34% and greenhouse gas emissions 10%. It is regrettable that while the economy has generally grown, the value added generated in the economy has increased slower than the use of resources.

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Environmental protection services on the Estonian market

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Grete Luukas
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/16. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)

The environmental protection expenditure accounts describe environmental market components and cash flows related to the environment – volume of environmental protection services produced in the country, consumption of environmental protection services available on the market, and financing of their production and consumption. In 2010, the total contribution to environmental protection in Estonia amounted to 548 million euros, of which consumption of environmental services constituted a majority and capital expenditure almost a third. When including foreign support, the environmental protection expenditure of Estonia was 594 million euros.

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The quantity of pesticides placed on the market in Estonia increased in 2015

news release no 135

According to Statistics Estonia, 691 tons of pesticides (by active substance) were placed on the market in Estonia in 2015, which was 15% more than in the previous year. The quantity of sold pesticides has been increasing in the last five years.

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Environment

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Kaia Oras
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)

The year 2015 was special in the environmental sphere. The representatives of about 200 countries signed the Paris agreement on the control of carbon emissions with the purpose of keeping global warming within the limit of 2 degrees compared to the pre-industrial era. At the same time, the UN global sustainable development action plan and 17 sustainable development goals were agreed for the next 15 years. All these goals are interlinked and balance three dimensions of sustainable development: economical, social and environmental dimensions. Estonia’s actions in ensuring and further shaping environmental protection are also focused on achieving these two agreements.

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