Environment

Environment

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Kaia Oras
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)

The year 2015 was special in the environmental sphere. The representatives of about 200 countries signed the Paris agreement on the control of carbon emissions with the purpose of keeping global warming within the limit of 2 degrees compared to the pre-industrial era. At the same time, the UN global sustainable development action plan and 17 sustainable development goals were agreed for the next 15 years. All these goals are interlinked and balance three dimensions of sustainable development: economical, social and environmental dimensions. Estonia’s actions in ensuring and further shaping environmental protection are also focused on achieving these two agreements.

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Nature

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Minifacts about Estonia 2016 (p. 4)

In order to preserve naturally diverse landscapes and habitats, 22% of Estonia’s territory (incl. territorial sea) is under protection. As at 31 December 2014, Estonia has 5 national parks, 148 nature conservation areas, 152 landscape conservation areas, 96 areas protected under old protection regulations, 538 parks and forest stands, 343 special conservation areas, 1,357 species protection sites, 20 natural objects protected at the local government level and 1,228 separate protected natural objects. In addition, 568 protected plant, animal, fungal, and lichen species have been included in the National Red List of Threatened Species.

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Environmental goods and services sector as a developing economic sector

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Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/15. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 20)
The quarterly bulletin includes articles on topical or otherwise important issues in different fields. Each issue contains a selection of news with specific statistics for Estonia and other countries. The quarterly bulletin includes time series and diagrams of the main economic and social indicators, and comparative data on Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Overviews of the principles and methodology of statistics are also published in the bulletin.
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Environment

article
Kaia Oras
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 40)

More energy- and resource efficient production, following the principles of environmental production, the production of products with greater value added instead of those requiring more resources and the development of ecodesign are all measures which should ensure that, in meeting its needs, the human society would stay inside the constraints of the natural cycles. According to several wellknown scientistsa, the critical limits of planet Earth have already been exceeded in the case of the nitrogen cycle and biodiversity. Other outstanding problem areas include climate change, the acidification of oceans and exceeding the limits of the phosphorus cycle.

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Nature

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Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 4)

Estonia is a maritime country with an approximately 3,800-kilometre-long coastline, and 1,521 bigger and smaller islands. The Estonian relief is mostly flat and differences between elevations are small. However, plateaus and uplands make flat areas more interesting.

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