Environmental accounts

Environment

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 36)
Kaia Oras

By 2015 the use of oil shale had increased 21% compared to 2005. During the same period, waste generation increased 34% and greenhouse gas emissions 10%. It is regrettable that while the economy has generally grown, the value added generated in the economy has increased slower than the use of resources.

Publication cover

Read more

Environmental protection services on the Estonian market

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/16. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Grete Luukas

The environmental protection expenditure accounts describe environmental market components and cash flows related to the environment – volume of environmental protection services produced in the country, consumption of environmental protection services available on the market, and financing of their production and consumption. In 2010, the total contribution to environmental protection in Estonia amounted to 548 million euros, of which consumption of environmental services constituted a majority and capital expenditure almost a third. When including foreign support, the environmental protection expenditure of Estonia was 594 million euros.

Publication cover

Read more

Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)
Kaia Oras

The year 2015 was special in the environmental sphere. The representatives of about 200 countries signed the Paris agreement on the control of carbon emissions with the purpose of keeping global warming within the limit of 2 degrees compared to the pre-industrial era. At the same time, the UN global sustainable development action plan and 17 sustainable development goals were agreed for the next 15 years. All these goals are interlinked and balance three dimensions of sustainable development: economical, social and environmental dimensions. Estonia’s actions in ensuring and further shaping environmental protection are also focused on achieving these two agreements.

Publication cover

Read more

Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 40)
Kaia Oras

More energy- and resource efficient production, following the principles of environmental production, the production of products with greater value added instead of those requiring more resources and the development of ecodesign are all measures which should ensure that, in meeting its needs, the human society would stay inside the constraints of the natural cycles. According to several wellknown scientistsa, the critical limits of planet Earth have already been exceeded in the case of the nitrogen cycle and biodiversity. Other outstanding problem areas include climate change, the acidification of oceans and exceeding the limits of the phosphorus cycle.

Publication cover

Read more

Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)
Kaia Oras

In terms of the environment, the biggest challenge of the 21st century on the local and international level is finding solutions to various environmental problems. Climate change, shortage of natural resources, waste in the environment, decreasing biological diversity, toxic chemicals, water pollution, shortage of water resources and air pollution are just some of the problems for which solutions are needed. Climate change has become one of the most important issues internationally. The Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth sets the following targets for the European Union (EU) for the year 2020: decrease the emissions of greenhouse gases by 20%, increase energy efficiency by 20% and ensure the coverage of 20% of the final energy demand from renewable resources.

Publication cover

Read more

Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2013. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)
Kaia Oras

Estonia’s sustainable development strategy “Sustainable Estonia 21” sets the target to achieve ecological balance. How well does Estonia’s economy fit in with the environment and how big is the environmental pressure of the economy seen through the lens of environmental problems?

Publication cover

Read more

Environment

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2012. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 37)
Kaia Oras

2012 marks 20 years from the first United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro and ten years from the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, where the elaboration and implementation of sustainable development policies was agreed as a development target. In addition to economic and social sustainability, environmental sustainability is of utmost importance.

Publication cover

Read more

Economy-wide material flow account of Estonia

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/10. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 52)
Eda Grüner

Economy-Wide Material Flow Account is one of the modules of Environmental Accounting. According to this model the modern society could be considered as living organism whose vital activity has an impact on the environment through extraction of materials and energy and return of emissions and wastes. Using different material flow indicators (e.g. domestic extraction, domestic material consumption, domestic resource productivity and physical trade balances) derived from material balances (direct material flow balance) the use of materials and productivity of Estonian economy during 2000–2007 are characterised. Comparisons with corresponding indicators of other European Union Member States were drawn.

Publication cover

Read more

Keskkond arvudes. 2009. Environment in Figures

publication
The pocket-sized reference book presents main statistics on the anthropogenic pressure on environment (emission of pollutants, use of natural resources, etc.), the present condition of the environment (pH level of precipitation, pollution of air, etc.) and the measures taken to protect the environment (pollution prevention and control expenditures, etc.) for 2009 in comparison with the previous years. The information has been provided in tables and diagrams. Addressed to users more interested in the subject.
Publication cover

Read more