Title of statistical activity: Air emissions accounts

Code of statistical activity: 10406

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing
  19. Comments

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Eda Grüner

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Statistician-Methodologist

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

eda.gryner@stat.ee

1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9307

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.

08/05/2018

2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.

08/05/2018

3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Air emissions of main greenhouse gases and air pollutants (carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, nitrous oxide, methane, ammonia, F-gases, sulphur hexafluoride, particulate matter, fine particles) by economic activity (A*64)

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

All institutional sectors and economic activities on the 2-digit level of the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Carbon dioxide equivalent – the amount of CO₂ that would have the same global warming potential as the given amount of greenhouse gas.

Carbon monoxide (CO) – a colourless and odourless gas which is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon compounds (fuels). The biggest sources of CO in urban air are vehicles and household heating.

Emission of carbon dioxide – total anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO₂) emission from the sectors of energy, industrial processes, solvent and other product use, agriculture, land use change and forestry, and waste. Natural emission is not accounted for in this indicator.

Emission of methane – total anthropogenic methane (CH₄) emission from the sectors of energy, industrial processes, solvent and other product use, agriculture, land use change and forestry, and waste (as defined by IPCC). Natural emission is not accounted for in this indicator.

Emission of nitrous oxide — total anthropogenic nitrous oxide (N₂O) emission from the sectors of energy, industrial processes, solvent and other product use, agriculture, land use change and forestry, and waste (as defined by the IPCC). Natural emission is not accounted for in this indicator.

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) – total emissions of different hydrofluorocarbons expressed in CO₂ equivalents. HFCs are used in refrigerant and air conditioning systems as well as in other areas, e.g. insulation foams, installation foams and aerosol sprays.

Nitrogen oxides (NOₓ) – NO and NO₂ are included. For reasons of comparability, emissions of these gases are expressed in NO₂ units.

Non-methane volatile organic compounds – volatile organic compounds are the source of photochemical smog. Some volatile organic compounds, such as benzene and 1,3-butadiene, are carcinogenic.

Particulate matter – solid particles and liquid droplets contained in smoke, dust etc.

Perfluorocarbons (PFC) – total emissions of different perfluorocarbons expressed in CO₂ equivalents.

Sulphur dioxide (SO₂) – sulphur dioxide is formed in the combustion of fuels which contain sulphur. In towns and cities, the main sources of SO₂ are boiler houses and vehicles. Sulphur dioxide emissions cause soil and water acidification and smog.

Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) – a greenhouse gas with an extremely high global warming potential (GWP = 22,200). Sulphur hexafluoride is used in electrical equipment for electrical power transmission and distributions as an arc quenching and insulating gas.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Air emission

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Not applicable

FRAME

Not applicable

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.

2008–…

3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Tonne, tonne of CO₂ equivalent

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.

Year

6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.

DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS

Commission Regulation (EC) No 251/2009 of 11 March 2009 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the series of data to be produced for structural business statistics and the adaptations necessary after the revision of the statistical classification of products by activity (CPA)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 439/2014 of 29 April 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 250/2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics, as regards the definitions of characteristics and the technical format for the transmission of data (Text with EEA relevance)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014 of 2 May 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics, and Commission Regulations (EC) No 251/2009 and (EU) No 275/2010, as regards the series of data to be produced and the criteria for evaluation of the quality of structural business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009 of 11 March 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the definitions of characteristics, the technical format for the transmission of data, the double reporting requirements for NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 and derogations to be granted for structural business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)

Regulation (EC) No 295/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 concerning structural business statistics (recast)

Regulation (EU) No 691/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2011 on European environmental economic accounts

Regulation (EU) No 538/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2011 on European environmental economic accounts (Text with EEA relevance)

OTHER LEGAL ACTS

Not available

OTHER AGREEMENTS

Not available

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.

https://www.stat.ee/release-calendar

8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.

Annual

10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Environment / Environmental accounts” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Not used

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Manual for Air Emissions Accounts, 2015 edition, Eurostat

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-GQ-15-009

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

The quality report will be prepared in 2018.

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of the Environment

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

Air emissions accounts are in compliance with the rules of national accounts and are thus complete.

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The accuracy of source data is monitored through comparison with other data sources.

Overall accuracy is guaranteed by adherence to methodological recommendations and adoption of best practice.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

Data are published 630 days after the end of the reference year.

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The data are geographically comparable.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The data are comparable over time.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Air emission accounts are coherent with national accounts, material flow accounts, environmental taxes accounts and energy statistics.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 36.8 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

The accounts are revised according to revisions:

- in the System of National Accounts;

- in the national report under the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP);

- in Estonia’s national GHG (greenhouse gas) inventory submission to the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) secretariat.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.

SURVEY DATA

Not used

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

National Point Sources Air Emission Database

National report under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) prepared by the Estonian Environment Agency and the related source data

Estonia's national GHG (greenhouse gas) inventory submission to the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) secretariat, prepared by the Ministry of the Environment

Inventory data and report on F-gases prepared by the Estonian Environmental Research Centre

Data from the Estonian Motor Vehicle Registration Centre of the Estonian Road Administration

DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES

Data from statistical activities 20206 “Energy consumption and production (annual)”, 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)”, 20902 “Statistics of economic units” and 21408 “Supply and use tables” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.

Annual

18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data from the Estonian Environment Agency, the Ministry of the Environment and the Estonian Environmental Research Centre are received via e-mail. Data from the Estonian Road Administration are received via an FTP server.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables.

Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis.

The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applicable

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available