Title of statistical activity: Quarterly statistics of livestock farming (until 2015)

Code of statistical activity: 21204

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Aili Maanso

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Statistician

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9236

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Number of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and poultry; production of meat, milk and eggs.

Number of livestock as at the last day of the quarter.

Births and slaughterings of livestock in the quarter.

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classifcation of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Agricultural holdings, agricultural small units

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Agricultural holding – a single unit both technically and economically, which has single management and which produces agricultural products or maintains its land which is no longer used for production purposes in good agricultural and environmental condition, where:

- there is at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or

- there is less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land but agricultural products are produced mainly for sale.

Units where agricultural products are not produced but only land is maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition are included from 2007.

Agricultural small unit – unit, which has less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land, but at least 50 m² vegetable area or three fruit trees or six berry bushes or ten rabbits or ten domestic fowls or other agricultural animals or three beehives and agricultural products are produced mainly for own consumption.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Agricultural holding

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Agricultural holdings who have farm animals

Quarterly pig and poultry surveys will cover only the most important and largest enterprises as the production in these fields is very concentrated, the production of smaller holdings is not characterized by high seasonality as in case of larger holdings and data delivery is a high burden for smaller holdings. For estimating the egg production the use of data from packaging centres will be investigated.


List of agricultural holdings who have pigs and poultry. The list is generated from the statistical register of agricultural holdings.

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole


3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.


3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable.

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Number of animals and poultry at the end of the quarter

Births of animals – number

Number of animals and poultry sold for slaughter and slaughtered other than in slaughterhouses

Production of eggs – thousand pieces

Slaughter weight of animals and poultry sold to slaughterhouses and slaughtered other than in slaughterhouses – ton

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Not available.

Official Statistics Act

Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)


Not available.

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/19410.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. On 1 October each year, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted an equal access to official statistics: this means that the dissemination dates of official statistics have to be announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) can have access to the official statistics (results of official statistical surveys) before other users. Statistical information is first published in the Statistical Database. In case a news release is published based on the same data, the information provided in the relevant news release is simultaneously published in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8.00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calender.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published.

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published.

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the heading „Economy/ Agriculture” in the Statistical Database in http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to micro-data and anonymisation of micro-data are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s „Procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes”: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 21207 „Economic accounts for agriculture”, 21209 „Handling statistical farm register” and 50101 „Estonian regional development”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Not available

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

Not available.

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, EU Statistics Code of Practice and the ESS Quality Assurance Framework (QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements provided for in § 7. „Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process (this information includes, among other things, feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees). This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Agriculture

Users’ suggestions and information about taking them into account are available on the SE website https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996 Statistics Estonia conducts reputation surveys and user surveys.

All results are available on the website https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

Not applicable.

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

The sampling error is not estimated.

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

We try to reduce non-sampling errors through continous methodological improvements and survey process improvements, incl. through minimizing under- and overcoverage of the frame.

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are released 35 days upon the end of the reference quarter (T+35).

(2012) T+34

(2011) T+35

(2010) T+36

(2009) T+36

(2008) T+36

(2007) T+25

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calender.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The data are geographically comparable.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The data are comparable since 1980.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Data are closely related to other agricultural statistics.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Total time of filling in reports of statistical actions, working days: 51,3

Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:

Loomakasvatus. Linnud: 0,4

Loomakasvatus. Sead: 0,2

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, if errors are discovered, if new or better data become available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Total population involves 15,800 objects. The sample size and design for 2015 is under decision.


The data on the number and slaughterings of cattle, sheep and goats are received from the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (PRIA).

The data on milk production is received from Estonian Animal Recording Centre.


Data from statistical activity 21216 „Survey of agricultural household plots” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data are collected through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission) and from administrative data sources. eSTAT is also used to monitor the completion of questionnaires. The questionnaires have been designed for completion in eSTAT by the respondents themselves and they include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at https://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian). Data are collected with the quarterly statistical questionnaires „Loomakasvatus. Linnud” ja „Loomakasvatus. Sead”.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods or other surveys and with administrative data sources.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

The data on cattle, sheep and goats are collected by the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board in the Register of Agricultural Animals. The data on milk production are collected by the Animal Recording Centre. The data on pigs and poultry are collected from agricultural holdings.

Weights are calculated for the statistical units which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the population. For estimating population totals, the sample data on agricultural holdings are grossed up separately in each stratum. The expansion factor is the ratio of each subpopulation to the number of respondents in that stratum. In case of missing or unreliable data, the estimates are imputed according to the relevant guidelines. To compensate for non-response among agricultural holdings in the completely enumerated part of the population, the data are replaced with administrative data, the data for the previous period or the data for similar holdings. The data of agricultural small units are estimated. National aggregates are calculated by adding up the data of agricultural holdings and agricultural small units. The variables which were not collected directly but are required for output generation are calculated. In order to calculate new variables, mathematical expressions are applied to existing variables. The process may be repeated, i.e. a derived variable may be based on other derived new variables.

Microdata are aggregated before analysis. This covers data summarisation according to the classification and the calculation of various statistical indicators (e.g. mean). The indicators to be published are calculated on the basis of the collected data.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied.

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available.