Title of statistical activity: Transport of goods by road

Code of statistical activity: 22003

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing
  19. Comments

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Piret Pukk

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Statistician-Methodologist

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

piret.pukk@stat.ee

1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9293

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.

08/05/2018

2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.

08/05/2018

3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Annual data: freight carried by road by distance of journey; run of vehicles by number of axles of vehicle; goods carried by road by group of goods; goods carried by road by type of cargo; freight traffic of dangerous goods on roads; standard error and relative standard error of road freight transport survey.

Quarterly data: national and international road freight transport; population, sample and respondents of road freight transport survey.

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST 2007)

International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)

Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS)

Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)

Classification of categories of dangerous goods (ADR)

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Enterprises and individuals who own road freight vehicles

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Dangerous goods – the classes of dangerous goods carried by road are those defined by the fifteenth revised edition of the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, United Nations, Geneva 2007. Classes are the following: explosives; gases; flammable liquids; flammable solids; substances liable to spontaneous combustion; substances which, on contact with water, emit flammable gases; oxidizing substances and organic peroxides; toxic and infectious substances; radioactive material; corrosive substances; miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles.

Freight turnover – measured in tonne-kilometres. One tonne-kilometre is the transport of one tonne of goods across a distance of one kilometre.

Goods road motor vehicle – any single road motor vehicle designed to carry goods (e.g. a lorry), or any coupled combination of road vehicles designed to carry goods, (i.e. lorry with trailer(s), or road tractor with semi-trailer and with or without trailer).

Group of goods – goods have been classified by the Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST).

Gross weight of goods – the total weight of goods carried, including packaging but excluding the tare weight of the transport unit (e.g. containers, swap bodies and pallets for containing goods).

International road transport – road transport between a place of loading/embarkation or unloading/disembarkation in the reporting country and a place of loading/embarkation or unloading/disembarkation in another country. Such transport may involve transit through one or more additional countries, cabotage road transport or cross-trade road transport. Cabotage road transport is transport within a country other than the registration country, performed by a road motor vehicle registered in the reporting country.

National road transport – road transport between two places (a place of loading/embarkation and a place of unloading/ disembarkation) located in the same country irrespective of the country in which the road motor vehicle is registered. It may involve transit through a second country. Uncoupling of a trailer/semi-trailer from a road motor vehicle and coupling of the trailer/semi-trailer to another road motor vehicle is considered as unloading and loading of the goods in the trailer/semi-trailer.

Place of loading – the place where the goods were loaded onto a goods road motor vehicle or where the road tractor was changed.

Place of unloading – the place where the goods were unloaded from a goods road motor vehicle or where the road tractor was changed.

Run of vehicles – vehicle distance traveled by land in kilometers. If a part of the trip was by sea, this distance is not included in the run.

Traffic by empty road vehicles – any movement of a road vehicle for which the gross-gross weight of goods carried including that of equipment such as containers, swap bodies and pallets is nil. The movement of a road vehicle carrying empty equipment such as containers, swap bodies and pallets is not considered as an empty journey.

Types of cargo carried – classified according to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Codes for Types of Cargo, Packages and Packaging Materials, Recommendation 21, Geneva March 1986. The types of cargo are : liquid bulk; solid bulk; large freight container; other freight container; palletised goods; pre-slung goods; mobile, self-propelled units; other mobile units; other cargo types.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Road freight vehicle

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Road freight vehicles registered in the Traffic Register of the Road Administration which have a loading capacity of over 3,500 kg (categories N2 and N3) and which are not older than 25 years

FRAME

List of commercial vehicles which have a payload of over 3,500 kg and which are not older than 25 years. The list is generated from the Traffic Register of the Road Administration and from the Register of Economic activities quarterly.

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.

Freight carried by road 2001–…

Run of vehicles by number of axles of vehicle 2001–…

Goods carried by road by group of goods 2008–…

Goods carried by road by type of cargo 2009–…

National and international road freight transport 2010–…

Freight traffic of dangerous goods on roads 2011–…

International freight loaded in Estonia by country 2011–…

National and international road freight transport (quarters) 2008–…

Population, sample and responses of road freight transport survey (quarters) 2008–…

3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Freight – thousand tonnes, million tonnes

Freight turnover – thousand tonne-km, million tonne-km

Run – thousand km

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.

Year

Quarter

6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.

DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS

Regulation (EU) No 70/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 January 2012 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EU) No 202/2010 of 10 March 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 6/2003 concerning the dissemination of statistics on the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1304/2007 of 7 November 2007 amending Council Directive 95/64/EC, Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/98, Regulations (EC) No 91/2003 and (EC) No 1365/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to the establishment of NST 2007 as the unique classification for transported goods in certain transport modes

Commission Regulation (EC) No 833/2007 of 16 July 2007 ending the transitional period provided for in Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/98 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EC) No 642/2004 of 6 April 2004 on precision requirements for data collected in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/98 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EC) No 6/2003 of 30 December 2002 concerning the dissemination of statistics on the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EC) No 2163/2001 of 7 November 2001 concerning the technical arrangements for data transmission for statistics on the carriage of goods by road

Commission Regulation (EU) No 520/2010 of 16 June 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 831/2002 concerning access to confidential data for scientific purposes as regards the available surveys and statistical data sources

UNECE, ITF and Eurostat Common Questionnaire for Transport Statistics Gentlemen's Agreement

OTHER LEGAL ACTS

Not available

OTHER AGREEMENTS

Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

International Transport Forum (ITF)

United Nations (UN)

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.

https://www.stat.ee/release-calendar

8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.

Annual

Quarterly

10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

The news release “Transport” once a year. The news release can be viewed on the website at https://www.stat.ee/news-releases.

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Transport” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activity 22029 “Transport of passengers and goods by transport enterprises”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Glossary for Transport Statistics (prepared by the Intersecretariat Working Group on Transport Statistics – Eurostat, ITF and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-RA-10-028

Road freight transport methodology - 2016 edition

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-GQ-16-005

Methodologies used in surveys of road freight transport in Member States, EFTA and Candidate Countries - 2014 editions

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/en/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-GQ-14-007

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

Statistical Database, table TC540: Population, sample and responses of Road Freight Transport Survey.

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

In compliance with the rules (regulations)

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

The error due to probability sampling is estimated and the sampling errors are published in the Statistical Database.

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

The response rates are published in the Statistical Database.

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are published 150 days after the end of the reference quarter (T + 150) and 165 days after the end of the reference year (T + 165).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The data are comparable with the data of other European Union countries.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The data are comparable over time.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Comparable to the same indicators of other modes of transport

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent. Higher-level aggregations are derived from detailed data according to pre-defined procedures.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 26.2 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available or when the annual statistics are produced.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.

SURVEY DATA

The population is 17,000 objects. The annual sample includes 6,032 objects (1,508 per quarter, 116 per week).

Stratified simple random sampling is used by loading capacity of the vehicle, and the activity of the vehicle’s authorised user and form of ownership.

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

Data of the traffic register of the Estonian Road Administration (vehicle details and authorised user), data of the of Register of Economic Activities (the certified copies of licenses (carriage of goods)) and the Population register (contact details)

DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES

Not used

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.

Weekly

18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at https://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian).

Data are collected from individuals by a paper questionnaire (PAPI) by mail and by using a prepared file in the .xls format.

Data are collected using the weekly questionnaire “Freight transport by road”.

The data on licenses from the Register of Economic Activities are received by downloading from the database at https://mtr.mkm.ee/, data from the Estonian Road Administration are received via an FTP server and data from the Population Register via X-Road.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods and other surveys for aggregated data.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

In the case of missing or unreliable data, estimate imputation based on established regulations will be used.

Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly; the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.

Weights are calculated for statistical units and used for expanding the sample survey data to the total population.

Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes aggregating the data according to the classification and calculating various statistical measures. Quarterly estimates are calculated based on the data collected for a week.

The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Since 2017, data are collected from companies through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The data serve as input for statistical activity 22029 “Transport of passengers and goods by transport enterprises”.