Title of statistical activity: Traffic accidents

Code of statistical activity: 22025

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing
  19. Comments

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Rita Raudjärv

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Statistician-Methodologist

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

rita.raudjarv@stat.ee

1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9228

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.

15/06/2017

2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.

15/06/2017

3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Road accidents with casualties by month

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Not used

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Road accidents

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Person injured – a person who is administered first aid due to an injury in a traffic accident, and to whom outpatient or inpatient treatment has been prescribed. Differently from several European countries minor and serious injuries are not distinguished.

Person killed – a person who died at the scene of the traffic accident or within 30 days following the traffic accident because of injuries received in the traffic accident. If a person died of these injuries more than 30 days after the accident, the person is considered as injured. Persons who committed suicide are considered as persons killed.

Traffic accident – an event in which an individual is injured or killed as a result of at least one vehicle moving on or off the road. By road is meant a roadway, street, car park, calm traffic area or other structure used for traffic with sidewalks, cycle and pedestrian tracks, paved shoulders, green, dividing or other strips. Events where a pedestrian is injured by collision with a train, events on a road on which public access was closed for competition between participating vehicles, and events between vehicles and individuals working in road construction, repair and maintenance are excluded.

Traffic accident with the participation of a drunk driver – a traffic accident in which at the time of the accident at least one of the participating drivers was under the influence of alcohol or drugs, irrespective of whether he/she caused the accident or not. According to the Traffic Act, the driver of a vehicle is considered to be intoxicated by alcohol if:

- the alcohol content in one gram of the driver’s blood is no less than 1.50 milligrams or the alcohol content in the breath exhaled by the driver is 0.75 milligrams in one litre of breath;

- the alcohol content in one gram of the driver’s blood is no less than 0.50 milligrams or the alcohol content in the breath exhaled by the driver is 0.25 milligrams in one litre of breath and there are externally perceptible disturbed or changed bodily or mental functions and reactions due to which the driver is evidently not able to drive a vehicle with due firmness required in traffic.

Pursuant to the Traffic Act amendment in force as of 1 July 2011 also a moped is considered a power-driven vehicle, wherefore also drunk moped drivers are taken into account, incl. in retrospect.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Traffic accident

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Road accidents

FRAME

Road accidents with casualties registered in the database of traffic accidents of the Estonian Road Administration

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.

Road accidents with casualties by county 1998–…

Road accidents with casualties (monthly data) 1990–2015

Traffic accidents and fires on Estonian public railways 1993–2016

Aircraft accidents with casualities 2001–2016

Ship accidents by type of accident 2000–2016

3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

number

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.

Year

Month

6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.

DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS

Not available

OTHER LEGAL ACTS

Not available

OTHER AGREEMENTS

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)

United Nations (UN)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

International Transport Forum (ITF)

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

Not applicable

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.

https://www.stat.ee/release-calendar

8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the Statistical Database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.

Monthly

10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Transport” in the Statistical Database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

Not applicable

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Not used

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Glossary for Transport Statistics (prepared by the Intersecretariat Working Group on Transport Statistics – Eurostat, ITF and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)

http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/main/wp6/pdfdocs/glossen4.pdf

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

Not available

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications

Estonian Rescue Board

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

In compliance with the rules (regulations)

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

Monthly data of road accidents in Estonia are published 65 days after the end of the reference year (T + 65) .

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The data are internationally comparable.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The data are comparable over time.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Not applicable

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

In 1993–2005, data on railway accidents was collected from railway infrastructure enterprises. The data for 2006 were provided by the Estonian Railway Inspectorate. Since 2007, the data are provided by the Technical Regulatory Authority.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, working days: 0.4

Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:

Laevaõnnetused 3.5

Lennuõnnetused 0.1

(data for 2016)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available or when the data for the following year are available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.

SURVEY DATA

Not used

ADMINISTRATIVE DATA

Data on road traffic accidents with casualties are received from the database of traffic accidents of the Estonian Road Administration.

DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES

Not used

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.

Annual

Monthly

18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Road accident data are received via an FTP server.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

The data are validated by the data administrator.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

The data are compiled by the data administrator.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

As of 2016, the statistical activity 22025 “Traffic accidents” combines the following statistical activities with similar output indicators: 22002 “Traffic accidents resulting in human injuries” and 22025 “Traffic accidents (air, rail and maritime transport)”.

Since 2017, the directly applicable legislation Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on rail transport statistics is cancelled.

Since 2017, the national component (statistics by counties) of the statistical activity is reduced.

Since 2018, statistics of shipping accidents, aircraft accidents and railway accidents are discontinued.