Title of statistical activity: Vital events. Marriages
Code of statistical activity: 30201
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Methodology and Analysis Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9158
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Number of marriages registered during a calendar year and distribution of marriages by demographic characteristics of newly married persons. The indicators are published in absolute and relative terms (as rates).
Newly married persons by type of settlement, place of residence and month of marriage, by sex, age group, ethnic nationality, educational level, socio-economic status, first married and remarried persons, former marital status, number of common under-age children.
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Classification of Ethnicities
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
National Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
Country of Citizenship List
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
Newly married persons and contracted marriages
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Administrative unit – a unit based on administrative division, the status, name and boundaries which are determined by law and other legislation, and in the territory of which state or local government administration is carried out. The units for administrative division of the territory of Estonia are counties, cities and rural municipalities.
Age – the age of the person concerned in full years at the time of the event, i.e. the age at last birthday.
Age-specific first marriage rate – the annual number of first marriages per 1,000 men or women of specific age. Measures the intensity of first marriages in age groups.
Crude marriage rate – the number of registered marriages per 1,000 of mean annual population.
Date of occurrence of vital event – the exact date when the event occurred, which does not depend on the date of registration of the event. Annual tabulations based on date of occurrence of the vital event include also the events occurred in December but are registered in January.
Date of registration of vital event – the date the vital event was registered at the registry offices.
Duration of marriage in years – the interval of time between the day, month and year of marriage to date it was divorced, expressed in full years.
Ethnic nationality – the data are based on self-determination. The ethnic nationality of the mother is taken as a basis for determining the ethnic nationality of the child.
Level of education – a person’s highest educational attainment.
Mean annual population – half of the sum of the population at the beginning and at the end of the year.
Place of residence – the area or settlement in which the person resides according to his/her statement or according to the Population Register (depending on the methodology of the survey).
Rural settlements – small towns and villages.
Total first marriage rate – the probability of first marriage for a person if he/she passed through ages 15–49 conforming to the age-specific first marriage rates of a given year. It is calculated on the basis of the age-specific first marriage rates observed in a given year. The indicator can exceed the figure ‘1’ in the years of rapid increase in the number of marriages, although it is excluded that a person can contract more than one first marriage.
Urban settlements – cities, cities without municipal status and towns.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Marriages contracted in Estonia and in the Estonian representations abroad, whereby at least one of the spouses is a permanent resident of Estonia
All persons who were newly married in the given year (based on the Population Register)
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Number of newly married persons
Number of marriages
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on European demographic statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the Statistical Database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published under the subject area “Population / Vital events” and “Population / Population indicators and composition” in the Statistical Database at http://pub.stat.ee.
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 50101 “Regional development”.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Marriages: Definitions and Methodology
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of the Interior
Estonian Institute for Population Studies
National Institute for Health Development
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
Use of administrative data ensures complete coverage and timeliness data.
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
Using administrative data ensures data accuracy. If necessary, the data are completed and cleaned in Statistics Estonia using other administrative registers (Population Register, Register of Education).
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
In statistics, the marriages in which at least one of the spouses is a permanent resident of Estonia are counted. As the required registered residence data are received from the Population Register, the number of marriages counted in statistics depends on the data quality of the Population Register.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
Preliminary monthly data (recorded initial numbers of the events) are published 20 days after the end of the reference month (T + 20), the yearly aggregated data – 165 days after the end of the reference year (T + 165).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data on contracted marriages and newly married persons cover the information collected by Eurostat and are therefore internationally comparable.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
The data are comparable over time.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
Information about all vital events is collected on the same basis, so the cross-sectoral analysis is possible.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Data on contracted marriages and newly married persons are received from the Population Register of the Ministry of the Interior.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 30101 “Population” are used (to calculate the rates).
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
Data are collected by the vital statistics offices of county governments, Tallinn Vital Statistics Department and by ministers of religion registering the contraction of marriage. At the vital statistics offices of county governments and Tallinn Vital Statistics Department, the collected data are entered into the Population Register upon making a vital statistics entry. (As data sources, the information provided in the application for marriage and the submitted documents are used.) Ministers of religion registering the contraction of marriage forward their data to the vital statistics offices of county governments or Tallinn Vital Statistics Department. Foreign missions of Estonia transmit the data on the marriages contracted over the year to the Population Facts Department of the Ministry of the Interior in February of the following year at the latest.
On the 7th working day after the end of the reporting month, the Population Register transmits the data to Statistics Estonia.
Data from the Population Register are received via the X-Road.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
The validation process includes comparison with the data of previous periods or other surveys and with administrative data sources.
The data of newly married persons (personal identification codes and names) and registered marriage certificate data are used upon data collection for data checking, cleaning and adjustment. If necessary, the accuracy of event's data is checked against the data in the Population Register and compared with data collected into the Statistical Database from previous events.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
After data cleaning and validation and linking, an anonymized source file is compiled, which is used for producing annual statistics.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.