Title of statistical activity: Vital events. Migration
Code of statistical activity: 30204
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Methodology and Analysis Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9146
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Migration by administrative unit or type of settlement, sex and type of migration
Migration by sex, age group and type of migration
External migration by sex, age group and departure/destination country
External migration by country and sex
External migration by county and country
External migration by age group, sex and citizenship
Internal migration by county, age group and sex
Inter-county migration by sex
Immigrants by sex, age group and country of birth
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Classification of Ethnicities
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
Country of Citizenship List
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
Persons who migrated in Estonia, to Estonia and from Estonia
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Age – age of a person concerned in full years at the time of event, i.e. the age at last birthday.
Emigration – the action by which a person who has lived permanently in one settlement unit suspends permanent residence in the respective settlement unit for a period which is or which is expected to be at least 12 months long.
Immigration – the action by which a person, who has previously been a permanent resident in one settlement unit, moves to reside permanently in another settlement unit for a period which is or which is expected to be at least 12 months long.
Internal migration – changes of residence from one settlement unit to another within Estonia. A change of residence from one settlement unit to another within the same county is called intra-county migration, and a change of residence from a settlement unit of one county to a settlement unit of another county is called inter-county migration.
Migration – a cross-border change of the place of residence from one settlement unit to another.
Rural settlement – a small town or village.
Urban settlements – cities, cities without municipal status and towns.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Residents of Estonia, including persons who changed their place of residence or citizenship during the reference period
Foreigners who have a valid residence permit or right of residence on 1 January or have received a residence permit during the year or whose residence permit has expired
Asylum seekers; persons who have been granted or have renounced Estonian citizenship
Persons who have registered a new place of residence in the population register
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Migrants – number
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on European demographic statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 311/76 on the compilation of statistics on foreign workers
Regulation (EU) No 205/2014 of 4 March 2014 laying down uniformed conditions for the implementation of Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on European demographic statistics, as regards breakdowns of data, deadlines and data revisions
Commission Regulation (EU) No 351/2010 of 23 April 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics on migration and international protection as regards the definitions of the categories of the groups of country of birth, groups of country of previous usual residence, groups of country of next usual residence and groups of citizenship
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the Statistical Database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
The news release “Migration” once a year. The news release can be viewed on the website https://www.stat.ee/news-releases.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published under the subjec area “Population / Vital events” in the Statistical Database at http://pub.stat.ee.
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34, § 35, § 36, § 37, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
Data serve as input for statistical activities 30101 “Population” and 50101 “Regional development”.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Ränne. 2000–2007. Migration, Statistics Estonia (2009)
On the Methodology of Demographic Statistics. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia 2/2014
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of the Interior
Estonian Institute for Population Studies
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
All required indicators are published.
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
Migration data are considered underestimated, because people often do not register their new place of residence.
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
The data are published 150 days after the end of the reference year (T + 150).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are internationally comparable.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
The data are comparable over time.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
Information about all vital events is collected on the same basis, so a cross-sectoral analysis is possible.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Data on persons who have registered a new place of residence and data on previous residences are received from the population register every month. Data on foreigners registered in the population register who have applied for or have been issued a residence permit are supplemented with residence and work permit data from the Register of Residence and Work Permits once a year. The Register of Residence and Work Permits also provides data on persons who have applied for a residence permit or asylum and aggregated data on changes in citizenship.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 30101 “Population”, 30206 “Vital events. Births” are used.
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
Population Register sends information electronically about Estonian residents who changed their residence or citizenship during the reference year. They also send information about foreigners who received a residence permit or who's residence permit expired during the reference period as well as information about demographic characteristics and validity of residence permit.
Police and Border Guard Board sends information electronically about foreigners who applied for a residence permit during the reference year, aggregated data about asylum seekers and data on granting and renouncing citizenship by e-mail.
Data from the population register are received via X-Road and data from the Register of Residence and Work Permits by e-mail.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
The data are compared with the data of previous periods.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
After data cleaning, validation and linking, anonymized source files are compiled, which are used for producing annual statistics.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.