Title of statistical activity: Sustainable development indicators

Code of statistical activity: 50201

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Evelin Enno

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Statistician

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9308

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Time series of indicators in four main areas:

Viability of the Estonian cultural space – the living space of Estonian identity with all of its components and attributes. The preservation of the cultural space is a precondition for the preservation of national identity, which in turn motivates people both to use the national language and to hold in esteem the national values in a changing and globalising world.

Growth of welfare – the satisfaction of the material, social and cultural needs of individuals, accompanied by opportunities for individual self-realisation and for realising one’s aspirations and goals; enables us to reach a situation where Estonia is adequately valued as a place for living, working and self-realisation.

Coherent society – all members of the society participate within their powers in the creation of benefits and get a fair share of the creation/production.

Ecological balance – there is a balance both in matter cycles and in flows of energy at all levels of the living environment. The overall aim is to integrate the considerations of self-regeneration capacity of nature into the use of nature, and to reach a situation where humans do not regard the environment as a pool of objects requiring protection but as an integral whole which humans are a part of.

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Not used

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Data for indicators are compiled on a cross-sectoral level.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Attendance of cultural institutions

Total cultural employment

Participation in cultural activities

Annual print run of books

Output of major cultural industries

Speakers of Estonian

Architectural monuments in use

Rate of natural increase

Total fertility rate

Deaths due to external causes of morbidity and mortality

Gross domestic product per capita


Research and development expenditures

Employment in high- and medium-high-technology manufacturing sectors

Exports of high-technology products

Implementation of environmental management systems

Balance of general government consolidated budget

General government debt

Old-age dependency ratio

Personal experiences of corruption

Foreign direct investments in Estonia

Gross external debt of Estonia

Current account balance

Employment rate

Unemployment rate

Graduates in mathematics, science and technology

Participation in lifelong learning

Tertiary education

Top performers (PISA survey)

Life expectancy

Healthy life years

New cases of HIV infection

Long-term illness or health problem

Alcohol related deaths

Income inequality

Long-term unemployment

Health insurance coverage

Persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion

Young people not in education nor in employment or training

Rate of internet use

Deaths due to assault

Criminal offences against property

Juvenile delinquency

Share of crime victims

Forest felling

Oil shale mining

Mining of construction minerals

Domestic resource productivity

Intensity of energy consumption

Share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption

Electricity generated from renewable sources

Energy dependency

Average CO2 level of new passenger cars

People commuting to work by public transport, by bicycle or on foot

Energy consumption of transport

Emissions of greenhouse gases

Pollution load of total nitrogen in discharged wastewater

Pollution load of total phosphorus in discharged wastewater

Use of public sewerage

Emission of acidifying pollutants

Surface water status

Fine particles PM10 and PM2,5 in ambient air

Use of pesticides

Recovery of waste

Landfilled waste

Generation of waste

Area of managed semi-natural communities

Area of protected natural objects

Protected forest land area

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Not applicable

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Not applicable


Not applicable

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

Estonian counties

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.


3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Percent, kg of oil equivalents per 1,000 euros, grams of CO₂ per kilometre, tonnes of CO₂ equivalent per person, kg per inhabitant, euros per inhabitant, percent above/below EU average, percent of GDP, ratio, year, number per 100,000 inhabitants, per mille, number per female, m³/ha, thousand m³, tonnes, hectares, thousand euros per person employed, number per 1,000 inhabitants, million copies

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Not available


Not available


Not available

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

Not applicable

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the Statistical Database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the Statistical Database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the Statistical Database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Sustainable development” in the Statistical Database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

Not applicable

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Not used

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

The indicators and methodology are described in the report outlining the results of the implementation of “Sustainable Estonia 21”, the Estonian national strategy for sustainable development.


10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

A report has been prepared describing the relevance and quality of the sustainable development indicators for Estonia.

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Government Office

Ministry of the Environment

The Commission for Sustainable Development

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

The list of indicators has been established by the report on the results of the implementation of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21”.

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The accuracy of the data varies. The assessments of the accuracy of the data are provided in the report on the results of the implementation of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (relevance and quality of indicators).

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are published 341 days after the end of the reference year (T + 341).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The indicators are nationally and internationally comparable. However, comparability varies for some indicators.

Estimates of data comparability are included in the final report of the survey on the quality and relevance of the sustainable development indicators used in Estonia.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The data are comparable over time.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

When comparing statistics with data from other sources, differences in methodology, especially in the data collection method should be considered.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not used


Data are received from the Estonian Environment Agency, Environmental Board, Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board, Estonian Road Administration, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Education and Research, Eesti Pank, National Institute for Health Development, National Heritage Board of Estonia. Data from the databases of Eurostat, European Environment Agency, World Bank, World Health Organization, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, International Organization for Standardization are also used.


Data from statistical activities 10302 “Water use”, 10304 “Forest resources”, 10401 “Waste management”, 20206 “Energy consumption and production (annual)”, 21001 “Forestry”, 10601 “Material flow accounts“, 21303 “Government finance”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21701 “Research and development”, 21702 “Innovation in enterprises”, 30101 “Population”, 30205 “Vital events. Deaths and causes of death”, 30206 “Vital events. Births”, 40310 “Formal education”, 40402 “Film”, 40407 “Museum”, 40410 “Public library”, 40414 “Theatre”, 40502 “Social insurance”, 40415 “Printed matter“, 40416 “Employment and financial statistics of the cultural sector“, 40612 “Health“, 40505 “Social benefits”, 40701 “Labour Force Survey” and 40802 “Crime” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data are collected from the databases of Eurostat, European Environment Agency, World Health Organization, World Bank, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development and International Organization for Standardization.

In addition, data are also received from the Estonian Environment Agency, Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board, Environmental Board, Ministry of Education and Research, National Institute for Health Development, National Heritage Board, Eesti Pank, Ministry of Justice and Estonian Road Administration.

Administrative data are either obtained from the websites of the data sources or received by e-mail.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

The data are compared with the data of previous periods or other surveys.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

Mainly aggregated data from other statistical activities and administrative sources are used. Variables which were not collected but which are necessary for producing the output are also calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly; the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived new variables.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applicable

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available