Everyone probably knows what a family is, but not everyone is necessarily as familiar with the concept of household.
Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union
The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.
The share of compulsory expenditure in the household budget remains unchanged
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2016, a household member spent an average of 408 euros per month, which is 13 euros more than in 2015. Compulsory expenditure, i.e. unavoidable food and dwelling expenses, accounted for 40% of the household budget, remaining at the level of the previous year.
The share of compulsory expenditure in the household budget has decreased
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2015, a household member spent an average of 395 euros per month – 106 euros more than in 2012. At the same time, there has been a decrease in the share of compulsory expenditure in the household budget.
The possibilities offered by e-commerce are increasingly popular
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2015, 88% of households in Estonia had access to the Internet at home. The share of people using e-commerce has increased.
Household Budget Survey to begin in March
Today, on 9 March, Statistics Estonia launches the Household Budget Survey of 2015, which collects data from households on their everyday expenditure and consumption. The previous survey was conducted in 2012.
The households and living conditions of persons with activity limitations
According to the 2011 Population and Housing Census (PHC 2011), there were nearly 600,000 private households in Estonia at the end of 2011. As many as 45% of the households included members with activity limitations (Table 1, p. 58), whereas slightly more than a half of these households had members with severe limitations (and may also have had members with moderate limitations). The majority of the latter households had one member with severe limitations, but more than 20,000 households had two members with severe limitations, about 1,500 households had three and approximately 200 households had four or more members with severe limitations.
A full stomach and a roof over one’s head are definitely one of the basic needs of people.
Dwelling construction is a good indicator of places that people regard as having good potential: it is unlikely that people would build or buy a dwelling in a place that is considered not to have a future.
The digital gap between the younger and older generation is decreasing
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2014, 83% of households in Estonia had access to the Internet at home. The gap between the younger and older population in computer and Internet use is decreasing.
Material living conditions
Material well-being is a quality-of-life indicator which comprises actual income as well as more indirect indicators of material well-being, such as living conditions, availability of certain durable goods and consumption patterns. According to the utilitarian approach, the greater the material wealth available and desired, the higher the quality of life (Serban-Oprescu 2011). Material wealth represents the objective aspect of quality of life, but when we discuss the perception of wealth – that is, how a person feels having possessions, income, property – we are already dealing with the subjective aspect of quality of life, i.e. the feeling of happiness, positive emotions and satisfaction resulting from the possession or acquisition of personal wealth.
In 2012, the average expenditure of a household was 289 euros per household member per month. Compared to 2011, the expenditure increased by 6%. The consumer price index has increased less (4%), meaning that the real consumption of households has increased too. In 2011, the spending of households did not increase to the same extent as the prices, and thus real consumption decreased.