The objective of justice and security statistics is to provide information on the operation of Estonian legal system (courts, penitentiary institutions, probation supervision) and the operation of rescue service, but also on registered offences, security feeling of the population and falling a victim to the offence (including violence).
Justice and security
The number of offences in Estonia has been in steady decline in recent years. 32,559 offences were registered in Estonia in 2015 – 14% fewer than the year before. First-degree offences numbered 2,065 (up 17% compared to 2014) and second-degree offences – 30,510 (down 15%).
The number of offences in Estonia is in steady decline. 37,787 offences were registered in Estonia in 2014, which is approximately 5% less than the year before. First-degree offences numbered 1,766 and second-degree offences totalled 36,021. Compared to 2013, the number of first-degree offences fell 4.5% and that of second-degree offences by 4%.
Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable DevelopmentWhat progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
The total number of offences has decreased year by year. 39,585 offences were registered in Estonia in 2013. 1,841 of these were first-degree offences and 37,744 were second-degree offences. The number of first-degree offences increased 7.3% compared to 2012, but decreased 3.5% compared to the average of the previous four years. The number of second-degree offences decreased by 3.5% compared to 2012 and by 12.5% compared to the average of the previous four years. The total number of offences fell 3% (–12.1%a), which is 1,231 incidents fewer than in 2012.
Security aspects of quality of life
Quality of life refers to the level of well-being of an individual or a social group. A low quality of life is sometimes also equated with poverty, which means the scarcity of essential items, such as food, water, accommodation, and limited access to education, health services and employment. There are many other factors that affect quality of life, which are not necessarily associated with the standard of living (e.g. people’s attitudes towards various aspects of life). The factors determining quality of life are often interconnected and influence one another. Despite that, quality of life can also be analysed from specific aspects, one of which is the sense of security of the population.
The total number of offences has decreased year by year. 40,816 offences were registered in Estonia in 2012. 1,715 of these were first degree offences and 39,101 were second degree offences. The number of first degree offences decreased by 4.6% compared to 2011 and by as much as 22.8% compared to the average of the four previous years. The number of second degree offences decreased by 4.1% compared to 2011 and by 13.8% compared to the average of the four previous years. The total number of offences decreased by 4.1% (–14.2%a), which is 1,751 incidents less than in 2011.
Measuring well-being and quality of life using OECD indicators
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, the OECD and Eurostat are pursuing work on measuring sustainable development with the aim of promoting policies that would ensure the sustainability of society and the welfare of people. OECD launched Your Better Life Index in May 2011 and published the report “How’s Life?” in October, on the basis of which it is possible to compare the well-being of people in different countries in eleven categories. This article gives an overview of these internationally developed well-being indicators. The aim is to explain why these specific indicators measure well-being the best and what data sources are used to produce these indicators.
Intimate partner abuse — myths and the reality
74% of the persons with intimate relationship experience are of the opinion that intimate partner abuse is so wide-spread that it can be regarded a problem of the whole Estonian society. A half of the persons with intimate relationship experience have at least once in their life had contact with intimate partner abuse. Besides that, over a year, one couple out of ten experiences intimate partner abuse in their relationship.
Crime victimisation in Estonia
There are thousands of people in Estonia who fall victim to a crime or even several crimes every year. Which are the groups of people who are victimised more frequently and what could be the underlying reason? It is nearly impossible to give definite and clear-cut answers to these questions. But, we can share opinions on what could be done at the individual as well as country level to make the number of crime victims decrease and facilitate the enhancement of living standard due to that.
A quarter of the population fall victim to crime in a year
According to the results of the Security Survey of Statistics Estonia, 26% of the adults i.e. of the 15–74-year-old population of Estonia fall victim to some act of crime in a year.