Labour market data are essential for planning the state budget and local budgets, and also as the input for strategic documents of the administrative fields of ministries. “Estonian Action Plan for Growth and Jobs 2008–2011” serves as an example of this, on the EU level “European Employment Strategy” may be brought as an example.
Activity in the labour market continued to increase
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate was 6.8%, the employment rate 66.6% and the labour force participation rate 71.4%. Compared to the 1st quarter of 2017, economic activity of the population increased mainly due to an increase in unemployment but somewhat also due to an increase in employment.
Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union
The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.
Compilation of activity status based on register data
In Estonia, a methodology is being prepared for conducting a register-based population and housing census (REGREL) in 2021. As for census characteristics, the biggest number of databases are used for determining activity status. Estonian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the best reference source to check the quality of register-based activity status. This article provides an overview of the compilation of activity status and the results of the comparison.
The question of occupation and source of income in population censuses
Occupation and source of income is a question asked in every census (and sometimes in sample coverage). The question itself and the purpose of the question have changed many times over the years. The specific occupational title has always been asked, but the results have been published in groups. What is essentially asked, the terminology as well as the grouping have been a constant discussion subject. This continues to be so, because effort is made to match the occupational titles recorded in administrative registers to the internationally and nationally published groups. The article provides an overview on how asking this question has changed throughout censuses and analyses the reasons for these changes.
In 2017, labour market indicators were positive
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2017, the unemployment rate was 5.8%, the employment rate 67.5% and the labour force participation rate 71.6%. In the 2nd quarter, unemployment increased temporarily, primarily due to an increased number of previously inactive persons entering the labour market. Employment and labour force participation remained high throughout 2017, reaching the highest levels in 20 years. In the 4th quarter, the youth (15–24-year-olds) unemployment rate was very low – 6.2%.
Employment rate at highest for 20 years
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 3rd quarter of 2017, the employment rate was 68.3%, the unemployment rate 5.2% and the labour force participation rate 72%. Compared to the 3rd quarter of 2016, the unemployment rate fell and the employment rate reached its highest level for 20 years.
Labour market in Southern Estonia
The purpose of the article is to describe the labour market situation and its developments in Southern Estonia and in Southern Estonian counties and make comparisons to the respective indicators of Estonia as a whole.
Common agricultural policy of the European Union and rural jobs
Changes in the society and especially in the economy have shaped both rural economy and rural life as a whole, which has resulted in decreased importance of agriculture both in employment and value added.
Labour force participation rate at highest for 20 years
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 2nd quarter of 2017, the unemployment rate was 7%, the employment rate 66.9% and the labour force participation rate 72%. Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2016, the employment rate remained on the same level and the labour force participation rate reached its highest level for 20 years.
In the European Employment Strategy, a goal has been set to raise the employment rate of the population aged 20–64 to at least 75% by 2020. In Estonia, this indicator was higher than 75% in 2007–2008 but dropped during the economic crisis. Estonia reached the goal again in 2015 and in 2016, the employment rate of 20–64-year-olds was 76.6% (80.8% for males and 72.6% for females).