Consumer price index increased in April

news release no 52

According to Statistics Estonia, the percentage change of the consumer price index in April 2008 compared to April 2007 was 11.4%. The increase of the consumer price index that had slightly slowed down in March speeded up again in April.

This year compared with the same month of the previous year the change of consumer price index has remained around 11%. So far the highest price increase was in February when the annual increase was 11.3%. In March the price increase slightly slowed down, but speeded up again in April.

In April 2008 compared to April of the previous year, the prices of goods changed by 10.4%, of which the prices of food by 15.3% and the prices of manufactured goods by 6.5%. The prices of services increased 13.4%. Regulated prices of goods and services changed by 21.4% and non-regulated prices by 8.7%. The index was mainly influenced by the price increase of food and by the increase in the expenditures on housing. The prices of motor fuel also increased, accompanied by the increase in the prices of transport services. Dairy-, cereal- and meat products gave more than two thirds of the price increase of food. The biggest impact on the increase of expenditures on housing had the price increase of heat energy.

On average, the prices of goods and services in April were 1.0% higher than in March.
The consumer price index was mainly influenced by the increase in the prices of food and heat energy. Fresh vegetables and cereal- and meat products gave 80% of the price increase of food.

Change of the consumer price index by commodity groups, April 2008

Commodity group April 2007 –
April 2008, %
March 2008 –
April 2008, %
TOTAL 11.4 1.0
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 17.6 2.0
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 8.6 0.9
Clothing and footwear 5.2 0.4
Housing 17.4 2.2
Household goods 4.1 0.5
Health 7.4 0.3
Transport 13.5 0.3
Communications -0.7 0.0
Recreation and culture 2.4 -0.7
Education 8.8 0.4
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 14.7 1.1
Miscellaneous goods and services 11.5 1.5

For further information:

Olga Nikiforova
Leading Statistician
Price Statistics Service
Statistics Estonia
Tel: +372 625 9239