Population

Positive immigration in Estonia for the third consecutive year

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 12)
Alis Tammur

Estonian population is on the rise. Net external migration has been positive already for three years, and in two of these years, immigration has compensated for the negative natural increase – also population has increased. At the same time, the number of births has not changed significantly, and the number of children per woman is still substantially lower than the replacement level. Ageing continues to be an important process shaping the population.

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Immigration exceeded emigration for the third year in a row

news release no 50

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,319,133 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2018, which is 3,499 persons more than at the same a year earlier. In 2017, the population figure decreased by 1,759 persons due to natural increase, but increased by 5,258 persons as a result of positive net migration.

Change in population figure, 2008–2017

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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The population of Estonia increased last year

news release no 7

According to Statistics Estonia, the preliminary estimate of the population of Estonia as at 1 January 2018 was 1,318,700, which is 3,070 persons more than at the same time a year ago.

Population change, 2000–2017

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Population of counties after administrative reform

news release no 121

Statistics Estonia recalculated the population of counties in 2017 according to the administrative division in place after this year’s local government elections.

Population change in counties due to administrative reform, 1 January 2017

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Inhabitants of Southern Estonia

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 21)
Ene-Margit Tiit

Southern Estonia consists of six Estonian counties that are located south-east of Estonia’s geographical centre. This region is not only a group of counties necessary for statistics and comparisons, but rather a historically developed unique region.

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Population

Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 10)

On 1 January 2017, the population of Estonia was 1.32 million, which makes us the fourth smallest country in the European Union after Malta, Luxembourg and Cyprus. The population of Estonia accounts for 0.26% of the total EU population.

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Population

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 42)
Alis Tammur

In order to understand what is happening in demography, it is important to look at both the population structure (its distribution by sex and age) and the changes taking place: births, deaths and migration. These two sides are interconnected. For example, if the number of women in fertile age decreases in the population, the number of births drops. This article provides an overview of the current demographic situation in Estonia and changes that have occurred in recent years.

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Estonia’s net migration was positive in 2016

news release no 59

According to Statistics Estonia, 14,822 persons immigrated to and 13,792 persons emigrated from Estonia in 2016. Immigration exceeded emigration for the second year. Most of the migrants were Estonian citizens, but their net migration was negative.

Immigration by citizenship, 2016

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Immigration exceeded emigration for the second year in a row

news release no 48

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,315,635 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2017, which is 309 persons less than at the same time a year earlier. The population figure decreased by 1,339 persons due to negative natural increase, but increased by 1,030 persons as a result of positive net migration.

Change in population figure, 2007–2016

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