Population

The population of Estonia increased last year

news release no 8

According to the initial estimates of Statistics Estonia, the population number of Estonia as at 1 January 2017 was 1,317,800, which is 1,850 persons more than at the same time a year ago.

Population change, 2000–2016

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Employment has increased among the elderly

Statistikablogi

In 2000–2015, the population of Estonia was in constant decline, but there was an increase in the number and employment of the elderly. Due to the rise in the pensionable age of females, the employment rate of females has increased faster than that of males. While in 2000 five out of ten males aged 55–64 and four out of ten females of the same age were employed, in 2015 the corresponding figures were six out of ten for males and seven out of ten for females.

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Eesti piirkondlik areng. 2016. Regional Development in Estonia

publication
This is an analytical publication on regional development in Estonia, focusing on the level of counties and local government units. In 2016, the publication analyses developments in public health, including the demographic, economic and social trends in rural areas. As usual, the publication follows the achievement of the targets set in the Regional Development Strategy of Estonia. The interpretation of the data is facilitated by the inclusion of the definitions of the main indicators, and methodological explanations. The publication includes a table with the key indicators of local government units.
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Residency index and its applications in censuses and population statistics

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Ene-Margit Tiit, Ethel Maasing
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/16. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 53)

How to determine the accurate population figure in the context of constantly increasing mobility of people when immigration and emigration is increasingly difficult to monitor and people are not exactly pedantic about registering their place of residence? Statistics Estonia has found a solution in the form of the residency index.

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Population

article
Alis Tammur, Helerin Äär, Koit Meres
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 55)

On 1 January 2016, the population of Estonia was estimated at 1,315,944. Compared to 2015, this was 2,673 persons fewer. In 2015, natural increase was negative, as the number of deaths exceeded the number of births by 1,336. In external migration, immigration exceeded emigration by 2,410 persons. A part of the population increase (1,599) was due to the adoption of a new methodology, which revealed that there are more people living in Estonia than previously thought. The natural increase of Estonians was positive in 2008–2012, but since 2013 this indicator has been negative as well. In 2015, 80 more Estonians died than were born. Among counties, Harju and Tartu counties experienced population growth as a result of migration and positive natural increase. Both the net migration and natural increase were positive in these counties. The number of inhabitants grew the most in Tallinn. In absolute terms, the number of inhabitants dropped the most in Ida-Viru county (by 2,145), while the biggest percentage decline was recorded in Põlva, Valga and Hiiu counties (–1.5...–1.7%). In most counties, population decreased mainly due to migration. Pärnu and Viru counties were the only ones where the population decline due to migration was slightly smaller than the decline resulting from the difference between the number of births and deaths.

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