Population

Population

Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 10)

On 1 January 2017, the population of Estonia was 1.32 million, which makes us the fourth smallest country in the European Union after Malta, Luxembourg and Cyprus. The population of Estonia accounts for 0.26% of the total EU population.

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Population

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 42)
Alis Tammur

In order to understand what is happening in demography, it is important to look at both the population structure (its distribution by sex and age) and the changes taking place: births, deaths and migration. These two sides are interconnected. For example, if the number of women in fertile age decreases in the population, the number of births drops. This article provides an overview of the current demographic situation in Estonia and changes that have occurred in recent years.

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Estonia’s net migration was positive in 2016

news release no 59

According to Statistics Estonia, 14,822 persons immigrated to and 13,792 persons emigrated from Estonia in 2016. Immigration exceeded emigration for the second year. Most of the migrants were Estonian citizens, but their net migration was negative.

Immigration by citizenship, 2016

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Immigration exceeded emigration for the second year in a row

news release no 48

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,315,635 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2017, which is 309 persons less than at the same time a year earlier. The population figure decreased by 1,339 persons due to negative natural increase, but increased by 1,030 persons as a result of positive net migration.

Change in population figure, 2007–2016

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Calculation of population size: residency index vs population register

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 67)
Koit Meres

The unregistered leaving of European Union citizens has become a problem for population estimation. The aim of the analysis is to examine the correlations between actual migration and the migration changes registered in the population register. Actual migration is estimated using the residency index.

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Coincidence of actual place of residence with population register records

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 80)
Helerin Äär

The inaccuracy of data on residence is one of the greatest problems for the forthcoming register-based population and housing census as well as for population and migration statistics generally. In this article, the data of the 2015 Estonian Labour Force Survey have been used to analyse compliance with the obligation to register place of residence both in the case of changing place of residence within Estonia and moving abroad. An overview is provided about the share of people actually living at the address recorded in the population register and the main reasons for difference in people’s actual and registered place of residence.

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Native and foreign-origin population in Estonia

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 50)
Alis Tammur

In European context, Estonia has a significantly higher than average share of foreign-origin population. Immigrants and their descendants as a group act differently than the native population due to their assimilation from the society of their country of origin into the society of their destination country. The article provides an overview of the development of the foreign-origin population in Estonia and the demographic and socio-economic indicators characterising them.

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The population of Estonia increased last year

news release no 8

According to the initial estimates of Statistics Estonia, the population number of Estonia as at 1 January 2017 was 1,317,800, which is 1,850 persons more than at the same time a year ago.

Population change, 2000–2016

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Employment has increased among the elderly

Statistikablogi

In 2000–2015, the population of Estonia was in constant decline, but there was an increase in the number and employment of the elderly. Due to the rise in the pensionable age of females, the employment rate of females has increased faster than that of males. While in 2000 five out of ten males aged 55–64 and four out of ten females of the same age were employed, in 2015 the corresponding figures were six out of ten for males and seven out of ten for females.

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Population and mortality

Eesti piirkondlik areng. 2016. Regional Development in Estonia (p. 141)
Helerin Äär

There is probably nobody who would like to develop a serious illness during their lifespan and die of it, let alone be involved in a sudden accident, which would cut their life unjustly short. In reality, however, this might actually happen. The article examines the deaths having occurred in Estonia over a 26-year period (1990–2015). Among other things, it has been analysed how the number of deaths has changed, which illnesses cause the greatest number of deaths, what is the most common age for dying, and how these indicators vary by region.

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Regional development in Estonia in 1991–2016

Eesti piirkondlik areng. 2016. Regional Development in Estonia (p. 38)
Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid, Greta Tischler

In its annual publication “Regional development in Estonia”, Statistics Estonia traditionally publishes an overview of the implementation of the current regional development strategy. Since the year 2016 is special in Estonian regional development from at least two aspects – it has been 25 years since Estonia restored its independence and the administrative reform has now been started in Estonia as part of the state reform – this collection examines Estonian regional development in terms of a longer period than usual. The reason for it is that, in 2016, the Ministry of Finance published the report “Monitoring Report 2014–2015 on the Implementation of the Estonian Regional Development Strategy for 2014–2020” and it is not sensible to repeat this analysis.

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