Science. Technology. Innovation

Research and development

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 131)
Rita Raudjärv, Tiina Pärson

Research and development (R&D) is creative activity undertaken on a continuous basis with the aim of increasing the stock of knowledge which serves as a foundation for developing new applications. Therefore, research and development is not only concerned with conducting research, but development also plays a very important role in it. Research and development includes basic and applied research and experimental development, which may partially overlap.

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Expenditure on research and development increased last year

news release no 132

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2015 the expenditure on research and development (R&D) in Estonia amounted to 302.8 million euros, which was 6% more than in 2014.

Diagram: R&D expenditure, 2005–2015

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Research and development

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 378)
Rita Raudjärv, Tiina Pärson

Research and experimental development (R&D) comprises creative work drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this knowledge to produce new materials, products or devices, to install new processes, systems and services, or to improve substantially those already produced or installed. R&D includes basic and applied research and experimental development, which may partially overlap.

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Research and development

Minifacts about Estonia 2016 (p. 50)

In 2014, research and development (R&D) expenditure in Estonia equalled 286.7 million euros, which was 12% less than in 2013. R&D expenditure began to gradually fall in 2013. In 2010–2012, the oil industry made major investments in technological development, raising the total R&D expenditure to a notably higher level than before. With the opening of the factory in 2013, investments began to fall, the impact of which was clearly felt also in 2014.

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Expenditure on research and development fell last year

news release no 129

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2014 the expenditure on research and development (R&D) in Estonia amounted to 286.7 million euros, which was 12% less than in 2013.

Diagram: R&D expenditure, 2002–2014

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Research and development

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 380)
Rita Raudjärv, Tiina Pärson

Research and development (R&D) activities comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge and to use this knowledge to devise new applications. Expenditure data include all R&D expenditure incurred on the national territory, regardless of the source of funds.

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Innovation

Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 50)

According to Eurostat’s Community Innovation Survey of 2012, 47.6% of Estonian enterprises were innovative. Estonia’s rate of innovativeness was lower than the EU average (48.9%), but Estonia outperformed Latvia and Lithuania. The Estonian indicator value was 5 percentage points lower than that of Finland, although in the previous study in 2010 Estonian enterprises left Finnish ones behind. Despite the fact that, by the rate of innovativeness, Estonia has lost its top ranking, Estonia continues to belong to the leading group of the EU Member States by the ratio of innovative expenditure to turnover.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

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What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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Estonia had the biggest fall in R&D expenditure in the EU

news release no 135

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2013 the expenditure on research and development (R&D) in Estonia equalled 326 million euros, which is 14% less than in 2012.

Diagram: Research and development intensity, 2002–2013

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General economic trends and knowledge-based economy

Muutuv majandus ja tööturg. Changes in the Economy and Labour Market (p. 25)
Robert Müürsepp

When we look at the Estonian economy in this century, the first thing that stands out is rapid economic growth, accompanied by high volatility due to a few crises (Figure 1, p. 13). The growth has been driven by convergence with wealthier countries, which has been greatly supported by various grants from the European Union (EU), especially from the Structural Funds. However, a much more significant role has been played by the smallness of the Estonian economy and its openness to foreign markets, which has exposed the Estonian economy to external shocks.

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Innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises

Muutuv majandus ja tööturg. Changes in the Economy and Labour Market (p. 60)
Aavo Heinlo

Innovation is a crucial factor for sustainable economic growth, be it a period of economic boom, recession or recovery. Analysis (The OECD … 2010: 33) has shown that the increase in productivity experienced by several developed countries in 1995–2006 was equally due to investments in tangible assets (machinery, equipment and construction) as well as investments in intangible assets (research and development, software, databases and skills) that support innovation.

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