Social exclusion and poverty

Social exclusion and poverty

Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)
Tiiu-Liisa Rummo

This article introduces the possibilities of measuring social exclusion and poverty. A closer look is taken at the trends and expression of poverty in Estonia in 2015 by socio-demographic factors.

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Multidimensional poverty in society

Sotsiaaltrendid. 7. Social Trends (p. 64)
Karl Viilmann, Tiiu-Liisa Rummo

Poverty cannot be described simply as a shortage of income but rather as a much wider concept, also encompassing the nonmaterial elements of poverty which are not directly associated with monetary resources. Poverty and social exclusion can be defined through limited resources, material deprivation, perceived need, living standard, class affiliation, lack of access to various opportunities and resources, lack of security or even intolerable life struggles (Spicker 2007).

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Last year every fifth person in Estonia lived in relative poverty

news release no 140

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2015, 21.3% of the Estonian population lived in relative poverty and 3.9% in absolute poverty. The overall percentage of people living in relative poverty decreased 0.3 percentage points compared to the previous year, the percentage of people living in absolute poverty decreased 2.4 percentage points.

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Social exclusion and poverty

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 111)
Tiiu-Liisa Rummo

Social exclusion is understood as a situation in which a person is unable to fully participate in social life due to insufficient education, low income, poverty, material deprivation, unemployment or poor health, and his/her access to resources and services is limited. Social exclusion entails negative consequences not only for the excluded individual but for the society as a whole, since the individual’s potential contribution to the society diminishes.

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Every fifth person in Estonia lived in relative poverty in 2014

news release no 20

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2014, 21.6% of the Estonian population lived in relative poverty and 6.3% in absolute poverty. The overall percentage of people living in relative poverty decreased 0.5 percentage points compared to the previous year, the percentage of people living in absolute poverty decreased 1.7 percentage points.

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Social exclusion and poverty

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 113)
Tiiu-Liisa Laes

Social exclusion is understood as a situation in which a person is unable to fully participate in social life due to insufficient education, low income, poverty, material deprivation, unemployment or poor health, and his/her access to resources and services is limited. Social exclusion entails negative consequences not only for the excluded individual but for the society as a whole, since the individual’s potential contribution to the society diminishes.

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Every fifth person in Estonia lives in relative poverty

news release no 13

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2013, 22.1% of the Estonian population lived in relative poverty and 8% of the Estonian population lived in absolute poverty.

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The income and poverty of persons with disabilities

Puudega inimeste sotsiaalne lõimumine. Social Integration of Disabled Persons (p. 152)
Tiiu-Liisa Laes

The well-being and quality of life of persons with disabilities depend greatly on their coping ability, income and consumption patterns. Wiman (1990) has listed five prerequisites for coping: functional abilities (individual physical and mental resources), motivation, knowledge, skills, and external conditions (opportunities). If some of these prerequisites are fully or partially unmet, coping difficulties may occur. Thus, the inability to cope socially is not the result of individual or environmental factors, but rather caused by the fact that one or several prerequisites for coping in a given environment are (partially) unmet.

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Social exclusion and poverty

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 105)
Tiiu-Liisa Laes

Social exclusion is understood as a situation in which a person is unable to fully participate in social life due to insufficient education, low income, poverty, material deprivation, unemployment or poor health, and his/her access to resources and services is limited. Social exclusion entails negative consequences not only for the excluded individual but for the society as a whole, since the individual’s potential contribution to society diminishes.

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Every fifth person in Estonia lived in relative poverty and every fourteenth in absolute poverty last year

news release no 152

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2012, 18.7% of the Estonian population lived in relative poverty and 7.3% in absolute poverty. The overall percentage of people living in relative poverty increased 1.2 percentage points compared to the previous year, but the percentage of people living in absolute poverty decreased 0.8 percentage points.

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