The purpose of official statistics is to provide information about the situation and changes in population, social life, economy and environment. In order to achieve the purpose, Statistics Estonia collects, processes, analyses and stores data and publishes statistics. Each such activity is described as a statistical action. In addition to classical statistical actions, the output of which is statistics (statistical indicators), also the activities regarding the compilation of analytical publications, managing the statistical register and development are described as statistical actions.
The activities of Statistics Estonia are determined by the official statistics programme list of statistical actions of Statistics Estonia, which is prepared every year for the following five years, and is approved by the Government of the Republic. Together with the list of statistical actions, also the list of statistical indicators to be published is approved.