Travelling is people’s need and way of communication. The reasons for which people travel have been the same for already thousands of years: religion and work, recreation and holiday. The elements of modern tourism could be observed already in the bathing areas in Old Egypt where the first hotels were established. Near trade roads accommodation and catering establishments were located; the vehicles of that time enabled only slow motion.
Tourism, accommodation and catering
Tourism and accommodation
Travelling is popular worldwide. In 2014, according to the preliminary data of the World Tourism Organization, the number of overnight foreign trips amounted to a record-high 1.1 billion – 5% more than in 2013. In European countries, there were 588 million overnight foreign trips, which is 4% more than a year earlier. The number of foreign tourists visiting European countries increased by 22 million over the year. Estonia received more than six million foreign visitors in 2014. The total number of visits increased 1% compared to 2013. While in Estonia, foreign visitors consumed 1.08 billion euros’ worth of goods and services – 2.5% more than the year before. In total, Estonia’s income from foreign tourism (i.e. the exports of tourism services) in 2014 amounted to 1.39 billion euros.
In May, the number of tourists in accommodation establishments decreased
According to Statistics Estonia, 268,000 tourists used the services of accommodation establishments in May 2015, which is 2% fewer than in May 2014. The number of foreign tourists decreased and the number of domestic tourists increased.
Foreign visitors in Estonia
The tourism sector has an important role in the Estonian economy as it is connected to many other economic sectors. The development of this sector requires information about foreign visitors. In 2014, Enterprise Estonia and Statistics Estonia conducted the Foreign Visitors Survey to collect information about the purpose of visiting Estonia, the main activities here, the travel expenditure of foreign visitors and their assessment of the visit, among other things. The article presents the main findings of the survey and describes the methodology.
In April, the number of accommodated tourists stayed on the level of the previous year
According to Statistics Estonia, 209,400 tourists used the services of accommodation establishments in April 2015. The number of foreign tourists decreased and the number of domestic tourists increased.
In March, the number of tourists in accommodation establishments decreased
According to Statistics Estonia, 188,000 tourists used the services of accommodation establishments in March 2015, which is 3% fewer than in March 2014. The number of foreign tourists decreased and the number of domestic tourists increased.