A world without the very real daily benefits of mobility has become unimaginable.
This article provides an overview of transport infrastructure and registered vehicles in Estonia as well as the share and performance of different modes of transport in the carriage of passengers and goods. In addition, an overview is given on traffic accidents in Estonia.
Last year the carriage of passengers and goods declined
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2016, the number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises decreased by 3% and the freight volume in tonnes decreased by 1% compared to the previous year. The number of passengers increased in sea and rail transport, but decreased in road and air transport. Carriage of goods increased in road transport, but decreased in rail transport.
Last year international passenger traffic through ports increased, shipment of goods declined
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2016, the number of international traffic passengers served by Estonian ports increased by 4%, but the freight volume of ports in tonnes decreased by 4% compared to the previous year.
The road network is the most important part of the transportation system. Public use roads are divided into national roads, local roads and forest roads. As at the end of 2015, there were 16,597 km of national roads in Estonia, of which 4,014 km were main and basic roads and 12,484 km – secondary roads. 75% of the national roads are paved. The total length of Estonian railways is 2,146 km, of which 918 km are running tracks of public railway. 132 km of railways are electrified.
Last year the carriage of goods declined
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2015, the number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises remained on the same level but the freight volume in tonnes decreased by 13% compared to the previous year. Passenger traffic volume increased by 10% and freight turnover increased by 7% compared to 2014.