Wages and salaries and labour costs

Wages and salaries

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Birgit Hänilane, Mare Kusma
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 166)

After Estonia joined the European Union in 2004, wages rose steadily until 2008 when the recession set in and led to a fall in wages in the following year. In 2011, average wages exceeded the level of 2008. The upward trend in average wages has continued for the last three years.

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In 2013 the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 949 euros

news release no 75

According to Statistics Estonia, in 2013, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 949 euros and the average hourly gross wages and salaries were 5.73 euros. Compared to 2012, the average monthly gross wages and salaries increased 7.0% and the average hourly gross wages and salaries increased 7.3%.

Diagram: Average monthly gross wages and salaries and monthly labour costs per employee, 2013

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In the 1st quarter average monthly and hourly gross wages increased in all economic activities

news release no 61

According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2014, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 966 euros and the average hourly gross wages and salaries were 6.02 euros. Compared to the 1st quarter of 2013, the average monthly gross wages and salaries increased 7.3% and the average hourly gross wages and salaries increased 6.9%.

Diagram: Average monthly gross wages and salaries and monthly labour costs per employee

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Labour costs and wages

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Minifacts about Estonia 2014 (p. 22)

According to the quarterly survey of Statistics Estonia, the growth of labour costs per employee, which had started after the 2009 crisis continued also in 2012 (5.8%). In 2012 compared to 2011, labour costs per employee increased the most in professional, scientifi c and technical activities (10.6%), and the least in transportation and storage (1.7%). Compared to 2003, labour costs per employee rose 2.1 times by 2012.

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The gender pay gap increased slightly in 2013

news release no 49

According to Statistics Estonia, in October 2013, the gross hourly earnings of female employees were 24.8% lower than the gross hourly earnings of male employees, and the gender pay gap grew by 0.2 percentage points compared to the previous year. The gender pay gap was almost non-existent in transportation and storage.

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