Wages and salaries and labour costs

Labour costs and wages

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Minifacts about Estonia 2016 (p. 24)

In 2014, labour costs per employee and per hour continued to grow and increased 5.7% and 6.6%, respectively, compared to 2013. In 2014 compared to the previous year, the average labour costs per employee increased the most in professional, scientifi c and technical activities (10.7% for monthly and 12.7% for hourly costs), and the least in information and communication (0.2% for monthly and 0.7% for hourly costs). Compared to 2004, when Estonia joined the European Union, labour costs per employee were 2.2 times higher in 2014.

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Last year, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 1,065 euros

news release no 24

According to Statistics Estonia, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 1,065 euros and the average hourly gross wages and salaries were 6.51 euros. Compared to 2014, the average monthly and hourly gross wages and salaries increased by 6.0%. The monthly gross wages and salaries were highest in the 4th quarter.

Diagram: Average monthly gross wages and salaries and their change by economic activity

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In the 3rd quarter, the number of job vacancies increased 3% year over year

news release no 132

According to Statistics Estonia, there were almost 8,900 job vacancies in the enterprises, institutions and organisations of Estonia in the 3rd quarter of 2015. The number of job vacancies increased by 4.8% compared to the previous quarter and by 3.3% compared to the 3rd quarter of 2014.

Diagram: Rate of job vacancies, 1st quarter 2006 – 3rd quarter 2015

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In the 3rd quarter, the average monthly gross wages and salaries increased almost 7% year over year

news release no 125

According to Statistics Estonia, in the 3rd quarter of 2015, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 1,045 euros. Compared to the 3rd quarter of 2014, the average monthly gross wages and salaries increased by 6.9%, and compared to the 2nd quarter of 2015, the average monthly gross wages and salaries decreased by 3.4%.

Diagram: Average monthly gross wages and salaries per employee and their change by economic activity

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Last year, the gender pay gap decreased

news release no 106

According to Statistics Estonia, in October 2014, the gross hourly earnings of female employees were 23.3% lower than the gross hourly earnings of male employees. The gender pay gap decreased by 1.5 percentage points compared to the previous year.

Diagram: The difference between the gross hourly earnings of female and male employees, 2014

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