Labour market

Publications and articles

Fiction publications hit a record

article
Riina Leinbock
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 16)

In 2017, the number of museum visits as well as cinema attendance exceeded 3.5 million for the first time. Theatres were visited slightly more than 1.1 million times. The number of printed fiction titles – 1,173 books – set a new record in 2017. The number of users of public libraries has, after a decline of some ten years, stabilised at 353,500.

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Employment rate at record high in 2017

article
Ülle Vannas

In 2017, the unemployment rate was 5.8%, the employment rate 67.5% and the labour force participation rate 71.6%. The labour force participation rate increased by 1.2 percentage points and the employment rate by 1.9 percentage points. The unemployment rate decreased by 1 percentage point. Employment and labour force participation remained high throughout 2017, reaching the highest levels in 20 years. The number of inactive persons continued to decline.

Employment rate and unemployment rate by age group, 2008–2017

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

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Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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Compilation of activity status based on register data

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Maret Muusikus, Kristi Lehto
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 12)

In Estonia, a methodology is being prepared for conducting a register-based population and housing census (REGREL) in 2021. As for census characteristics, the biggest number of databases are used for determining activity status. Estonian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the best reference source to check the quality of register-based activity status. This article provides an overview of the compilation of activity status and the results of the comparison.

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The question of occupation and source of income in population censuses

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Veiko Berendsen
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 43)

Occupation and source of income is a question asked in every census (and sometimes in sample coverage). The question itself and the purpose of the question have changed many times over the years. The specific occupational title has always been asked, but the results have been published in groups. What is essentially asked, the terminology as well as the grouping have been a constant discussion subject. This continues to be so, because effort is made to match the occupational titles recorded in administrative registers to the internationally and nationally published groups. The article provides an overview on how asking this question has changed throughout censuses and analyses the reasons for these changes.

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Labour market in Southern Estonia

article
Mihkel Servinski
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 67)

The purpose of the article is to describe the labour market situation and its developments in Southern Estonia and in Southern Estonian counties and make comparisons to the respective indicators of Estonia as a whole.

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Common agricultural policy of the European Union and rural jobs

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Raul Omel
– Majanduse ja tööturu trendid. Economic and Labour Market Trends (p. 147)

Changes in the society and especially in the economy have shaped both rural economy and rural life as a whole, which has resulted in decreased importance of agriculture both in employment and value added.

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Labour market

article
Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 22)

In the European Employment Strategy, a goal has been set to raise the employment rate of the population aged 20–64 to at least 75% by 2020. In Estonia, this indicator was higher than 75% in 2007–2008 but dropped during the economic crisis. Estonia reached the goal again in 2015 and in 2016, the employment rate of 20–64-year-olds was 76.6% (80.8% for males and 72.6% for females).

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Labour market

article
Heidy Roosimägi
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 60)

Year 2016 did not bring major changes in the labour market. Whereas in 2015 the employment rate of working-age population rose by over 2 percentage points, the unemployment rate declined to 6.2% and the labour force participation rate increased by 1.4 percentage points, in 2016 the employment rate rose by 0.4 and the activity rate by 1 percentage point. The unemployment rate was 6.8% in 2016. Nevertheless, Estonia has so far reached two targets of the Europe 2020 employment strategy: the employment rate of people aged 20–64 has exceeded 76% and approximately 45% of the new generation, i.e. 30–34-year-olds, have completed tertiary level education. The share of early leavers from the education system in 2016 was 10.9% (target 9.5%).

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Reconciliation of work and family life: wishes, opportunities and reality

article
Kadri Täht
– Sotsiaaltrendid. 7. Social Trends (p. 159)

Many employees face the difficulties of the reconciliation of work and family life. According to the 2015 data of the Estonian Labour Force Survey, 38% of working respondents reported having at least one household member aged under 18. Most of such households (85%) also included the respondent’s spouse or partner, the majority of whom were also active in the labour market, meaning that an even greater share of the economically active needs to reconcile their work and family life. In Estonian society, the high level of labour market participation among women, including women with children, has been a long-term tradition and standard. Moreover, most women work full-time.

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