Transport

Publications and articles

The number of registered vehicles continues to increase

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Meila Kivisild
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 48)

In 2017, the number of vehicles in the traffic register of the Estonian Road Administration continued to increase. The number of passengers and freight volume increased in maritime, rail and air transport but decreased in road transport. Passenger traffic via airports and ports reached yet another record level. The number of persons killed or injured in traffic accidents declined compared to the previous year.

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Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union

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Mihkel Servinski, Marika Kivilaid
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 56)

The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.

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Transport

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Piret Pukk, Rita Raudjärv
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 116)

This article provides an overview of transport infrastructure and registered vehicles in Estonia as well as the share and performance of different modes of transport in the carriage of passengers and goods. In addition, an overview is given on traffic accidents in Estonia.

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Transport

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Piret Pukk
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 338)

The road network is the most important part of the transportation system. Public use roads are divided into national roads, local roads and forest roads. As at the end of 2015, there were 16,597 km of national roads in Estonia, of which 4,014 km were main and basic roads and 12,484 km – secondary roads. 75% of the national roads are paved. The total length of Estonian railways is 2,146 km, of which 918 km are running tracks of public railway. 132 km of railways are electrified.

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Modes of transport: freight versus passengers

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Piret Pukk
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/15. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 54)
The quarterly bulletin includes articles on topical or otherwise important issues in different fields. Each issue contains a selection of news with specific statistics for Estonia and other countries. The quarterly bulletin includes time series and diagrams of the main economic and social indicators, and comparative data on Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Overviews of the principles and methodology of statistics are also published in the bulletin.
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Transport

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Piret Pukk
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 343)

In 2014, the number of passengers carried by Estonian transport enterprises by road, rail, sea and air transport amounted to 211 million. 92.7% of these passengers were carried by road, 4.1% by sea, 2.8% by rail and 0.4% used air transport. The number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises decreased by 2% compared to 2013.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

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What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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Infrastructure

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Eesti piirkondlik areng. 2014. Regional Development in Estonia (p. 88)

Several places in Estonia present themselves as areas with a wonderful natural environment. It is very rare, however, that a place is introduced as a region with a very good infrastructure. True, single elements of infrastructure do get mentioned – for example, the option of placing a child in a kindergarten without a queue – but it is rare that an introduction of a region claims: both our technical and social infrastructure are excellent.

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The development of the transit sector in Estonia

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Piret Pukk, Iljen Dedegkajeva, Anastassia Medkova
– Muutuv majandus ja tööturg. Changes in the Economy and Labour Market (p. 84)

Estonia’s small and open economy is highly dependent on changes in the global economic environment. The Estonian transport system is particularly sensitive to the international economic or political climate, both in relation to export and import but especially in terms of transit operations. The dependency is further amplified by the cyclic fluctuations of the world economy.

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Transport

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Piret Pukk
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 337)

In 2013 the carriage of passengers increased mostly in urban transport. The number of passengers served by Estonian transport enterprises and passenger turnover increased by 8% and 2%, respectively. In 2013 the number of passengers carried by Estonian transport enterprises by road, rail, sea and air transport amounted to 216 million. About 175.8 million of these passengers used urban transport (i.e. buses, trams and trolleybuses), which is a tenth more than in 2012. The increase in the number of passengers in urban transport was influenced by the adoption of a modified calculation system in Tallinn starting the 1st quarter of 2013. Excluding urban transport, the domestic transport of passengers decreased 6% compared to 2012. The number of passengers in domestic traffic (excl. urban transport) was 31.5 million and the average journey distance was 46 kilometres. The number of passengers in domestic road transport amounted to 25.2 million. The corresponding figure was 4.1 million in rail traffic, 2.1 million in sea traffic and 19,200 in air transport. Compared to 2012, the number of passengers decreased by 7% in domestic road traffic, by 6% in rail traffic and by 20% in air transport, but the number of passengers in domestic sea traffic increased by 5%. The number of passengers in international traffic was 8.8 million, or approximately as much as in 2012, and the average journey distance was 341 kilometres. The number of passengers was 6.6 million in international sea transport, 1.3 million in road transport, 0.7 million in air transport and 122,400 in rail transport. The number of passengers in international traffic increased by 26% in rail traffic, by 13% in road traffic and by 1% in sea transport, while the number of passengers in international air traffic decreased by more than a fourth.

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