Environmental pressure

Indicators of environmental pressure reflect the impact of human activities on the environment (antropogenic environmental pressure; environmental impact) that leads to the appearance of environmental problems.

Environmental pressure includes air emissions discharged into the environment, generated wastewater and waste, used and emitted heavy metal compounds, ozone depleting substances as well as the use of forest and mineral resources, etc.

Climate change, depletion of ozone layer, disappearance of biodiversity, waste, use of resources, toxic chemicals, pollution of water and air and decrease of water resources are the environmental problems, the impacts of which are observed.

The trends of indicators usually cover the timeline of 2000–2009.

The set and structure of environmental pressure indicators are based on the respective Eurostat model (Towards Environmental Pressure Indicators for the EU. European Communities, 1999). The most essential indicators for each environmental problem area have been set out (attached as a separate file, according to the areas in the table).

More information regarding environmental pressure can be found in Statistics Estonia’s publication on environmental pressure indicators that includes descriptions of environmental problem areas, the environmental protection targets set by Estonian Environmental Strategy as well as goals and obligations laid down in international agreements and conventions (that Estonia has joined or is part of). The publication provides analyses of the trends of indicators as well as international comparison of data (“Keskkonnasurve näitajad. 2007. Indicators of Environmental Pressure” (2008). Tallinn: Statistics Estonia, ISBN 978-9985-74-439-0).