Internal trade

Publications and articles

Retail sale of foodstuffs from consumer’s and trader’s perspective

article
Märt Leesment
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 3/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 9)

In this article, a brief overview of the retail sale of foodstuffs is given. The topic is approached from two perspectives: demand and supply. Retail sale of foodstuffs brings together two parties – the trader and the consumer, and it is difficult to consider one more important than the other. Therefore, in this article, the focus is on both of them. Grocery stores are important, or in fact vital, as in the society today, the share of food obtained from outside trade is quite marginal.

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Internal trade

article
Tatjana Semjonova
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 267)

Trade has been showing steady growth for the last five years. This is indicated by a rise in the turnover, value added and labour productivity of trade enterprises. In 2014, these indicators were at the highest level recorded in recent years. Turnover and value added grew slightly faster in trade enterprises than in the enterprise sector on average in 2014, although the growth rate of turnover was not as fast as in previous years.

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Internal trade

article
Tatjana Semjonova
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 267)

After the economic recession of 2008–2009, trade enterprises’ turnover and value added continued to increase for the fourth consecutive year in 2013 compared to the previous year. While turnover surpassed the record-high pre-crisis level already in 2012, then in 2013 value added was still a tenth smaller than in the boom year of 2007. At the same time, the labour productivity (value added per person employed) of trade reached an all-time high in 2012 and 2013. In 2013, employment in trade continued to increase for the second year in a row, but the pre-crisis number of jobs has not been restored yet. In 2013, trade enterprises employed 12% fewer people than before the economic crisis.

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Internal trade

article
Tatjana Semjonova
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 261)

2012 was quite a successful year in trade. Trade enterprises’ turnover, value added and net profit continued to increase for the third year in a row, although at a slower rate than in the previous year. The four-year decline in employment in trade was followed by a 5% increase. Trade continues to be the largest economic activity based on the number of active enterprises as well as turnover. Trade remained in the second place after manufacturing in terms of value added and the number of persons employed.

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Internal trade in Estonia

article
Jaanika Tiigiste
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/14. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 33)

After the decline in turnover during the recession, Estonian internal trade started to recover at the beginning of 2010, and in terms of the whole year the turnover of trade enterprises started to increase once again. The growth in turnover continued also in 2011 and 2012. The article presents an overview of internal trade in Estonia in 2008–2012 and in the first half of 2013.

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Internal trade

article
Tatjana Semjonova
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2013. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 257)

The recovery in trade, which had already begun in 2010, continued in 2011. The number of trade enterprises increased, the downward trend in the number of persons employed stopped and turnover and value added increased by more than a fifth. Trade continues to be the largest economic activity based on the number of active enterprises as well as turnover. Trade remained in the second place after manufacturing in terms of value added and the number of persons employed.

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Development of trade during the last five years

article
Jaanika Tiigiste
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/10. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 63)

Estonian internal trade was in a big decline in 2009. The net sales of trade enterprises decreased about one fourth compared to the previous year. Increasing unemployment and insecurity about the future forced consumers to cut down on their expenses and made people save more (the volume of private persons’ deposits grew by 1.3 billion kroons during the year).

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