Information technology and communications

Publications and articles

Information technology

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Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 52)

Estonia with its functional IT solutions and e-services has become a pioneer for several countries. Today, a number of daily activities have become faster and more flexible thanks to electronic authentication and the digital signature system. In ten years, e-voting has taken root and the concept of the digital ID of an Estonian e-resident, which gives foreigners the opportunity to apply for a secure e-residency of Estonia, is also causing a sensation.

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Säästva arengu näitajad. Indicators of Sustainable Development

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What progress has been made towards the four main targets of the Estonian National Strategy on Sustainable Development “Sustainable Estonia 21” (SE21) – growth of welfare, coherent society, viability of the Estonian cultural space and ecological balance? The publication includes 69 indicators of sustainable development that reflect the progress in key domains in Estonia. Under each indicator, there is an analysis of the current situation, an assessment of relevance in the SE21 context, and an overview of the measures defined in current development and action plans. The publication is prepared in cooperation with the Strategy Unit of the Government Office. While the main focus is on sustainable development, the publication provides a good overview of general trends in Estonia.
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Communications

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Ruth Renter
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 350)

The field of telecommunications develops constantly and fast, and newer mobile technologies replace outdated solutions. In the past, the main aim of communications operators was to provide telephone services, whereas now they offer service packages tailored to the needs of different customer groups. It is now important to ensure the availability of the Internet, which gives the opportunity to use many services online. Customers increasingly prefer mobile services to services in the fixed-line network.

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Information technology

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Tiina Pärson
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 356)

The share of Internet users among 16–74-year-old Estonian residents was 80% in the 1st quarter of 2013. This is five percentage points more than the European Union (EU) average. Young people (i.e. 16–34-year-olds) are the most active Internet users with 98% of them being Internet users – this is higher than the EU average for the same age group. Internet use is less common in the older age groups: 63% of 55–64-year-olds and 31% of 65–74-year-olds used the Internet. However, the share of Internet users in these age groups has increased every year. Compared to 2012, there was an increase of four percentage points in both age groups. The share of Internet users among men and women is more or less equal, but compared to the EU average (73%) women in Estonia are more active Internet users (79%). In urban settlements there are four percentage points more Internet users than in rural settlements (81% and 77%, respectively). Most people in Estonia use the Internet at home – 96% of Internet users. 42.4% of Internet users use the Internet at work. The use of computers and the Internet is more common among people with a higher level of education. Although there are links between Internet use and the level of education, the differences in Estonia are not as big as in the EU as a whole. The share of Internet users among residents with tertiary, upper secondary and below upper secondary education was respectively 95%, 80% and 52% in the EU, and 91%, 77% and 67% in Estonia.

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Information technology

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Minifacts about Estonia 2014 (p. 48)

The development of information technology solutions has been so rapid in the last decade that it has fundamentally changed the environment where we live.

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Information technology

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Mari Soiela
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2013. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 350)

In the 1st quarter of 2012 the share of Internet users among 16–74-year-old Estonian residents was 78%, which is five percentage points more than the European Union (EU) average. The share of Internet users among men and women was almost equal. In urban settlements there are six percentage points more Internet users than in rural settlements (80% and 74%, respectively). The share of Internet users is smaller in older age groups: six out of ten persons aged 55–64 and three out of ten persons aged 65–74 used the Internet in that period. Compared to 2011, the share of Internet users has risen six percentage points in the age group 55–64 and two percentage points in the age group 65–74. In the EU as a whole, there are also more Internet users among younger people. The use of Internet also depends on the educational level, but less so in Estonia than in the EU on average. The share of Internet users among residents with higher, upper secondary and below upper secondary education was respectively 94%, 77% and 49% in the EU, and 91%, 76% and 62% in Estonia.

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Communications

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Eve Tubelt
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2013. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 344)

The field of telecommunications develops constantly and fast, and newer mobile technologies replace outdated solutions. In the past, the main aim of communications operators was to provide telephone services, whereas now they offer service packages tailored to the needs of different customer groups. It is now important to ensure the availability of the Internet, which gives the opportunity to use many services online. Customers increasingly prefer mobile services to services in the fixed-line network.

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Information technology

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Minifacts about Estonia 2013 (p. 48)

The use of the Internet is today so common that it is already considered to be a part of human rights. Using the Internet on move – outside of home and workplace – is also increasingly considered as self-evident, especially among younger persons. In addition to location related wireless connections, such as WiFi, the Internet connections via mobile networks are gaining popularity. In Estonia the share of people using Internet on move is slightly bigger than in Europe on average (respectively 37% and 32% of 16–74 year-old persons).

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Who, where and why uses the Internet?

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Mari Soiela
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 1/13. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 37)

The article offers an overview of the use of information and communication technology in Estonia. The main focus is on enterprises with ten or more persons employed, residents aged 16–74, and households.

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