Wages and salaries and labour costs

Publications and articles

Highest average monthly gross wages in information and communication

article
Jaan Õmblus
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/18. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 20)

2017 was a good year for employees. The average monthly gross wages and salaries increased by 6.5% year on year to 1,221 euros, having amounted to 1,146 euros a year earlier. On average, an employee received an additional 75 euros per month in 2017. A year earlier, the average monthly gross wages and salaries increased by 7.6%, denoting an increase in average wages from 1,065 euros to 1,146 euros – a nominal increase of 81 euros per month.

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Labour costs and wages

article
Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 24)

In 2009, the economic downturn led to a decrease in the monthly gross wages and salaries. The monthly gross wages and salaries have been rising again since 2011, and the year-over-year growth has been in the range of 5.7–7.6%. In 2016, the average monthly gross wages and salaries were 1,146 euros – an increase of 7.6% compared to 2015.

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Wages and salaries

article
Kai Maasoo
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 2/17. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 65)

The average monthly gross wages and salaries increased steadily in Estonia until 2008. In 2009, the economic downturn led to a decrease in the gross monthly wages and salaries. The gross monthly wages and salaries have now been rising since 2011 and the year-over-year growth has been in the range of 5.7–7.6%. As a result of the economic crisis, the number of job vacancies decreased by almost three-fold in 2009 and has been increasing gradually since 2010. The number of job vacancies as well as the year-over-year growth of the gross monthly wages and salaries in 2016 was the greatest of the last six years – in 2016, the monthly gross wages and salaries rose 7.6% compared to the previous year and the number of job vacancies reached 11,000 in the 3rd quarter.

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Wages and salaries

article
Margarete Elings
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2016. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 172)

After Estonia joined the European Union (EU) in 2004, wages rose steadily until 2008. The following year, the recession that had set in led to a fall in wages. The wage level of 2008 was exceeded again in 2011, when Estonia joined the euro area. By now, wages and salaries have been rising already for five years in succession.

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Labour costs and wages

article
Minifacts about Estonia 2016 (p. 24)

In 2014, labour costs per employee and per hour continued to grow and increased 5.7% and 6.6%, respectively, compared to 2013. In 2014 compared to the previous year, the average labour costs per employee increased the most in professional, scientifi c and technical activities (10.7% for monthly and 12.7% for hourly costs), and the least in information and communication (0.2% for monthly and 0.7% for hourly costs). Compared to 2004, when Estonia joined the European Union, labour costs per employee were 2.2 times higher in 2014.

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Wages and salaries

article
Margarete Elings, Birgit Hänilane
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2015. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 174)

Wages and salaries, which had been in decline during the economic crisis, took an upturn again in 2011 when Estonia joined the euro area and exceeded the level of 2008. This upward trend has continued already for four years in succession.

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Labour costs and wages

article
Minifacts about Estonia 2015 (p. 24)

In 2013, labour costs per employee and per hour continued to grow and increased 6.7% and 7.2%, respectively, compared to 2012. In 2013 compared to the previous year, the average labour costs per employee increased the most in mining and quarrying (10.6%) and decreased the most in professional, scientific and technical activities (2.3%). Compared to 2004, labour costs per employee were two times higher in 2013.

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Labour costs and their change in 2008–2012

article
Mare Kusma
– Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. 4/14. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia (p. 37)

The article provides an overview on which components labour costs consist of, what changes have taken place in labour costs in 2008–2012, and which are the economic activities with the biggest change in labour costs. The article also focuses on the change that occurred in the structure of labour costs in 2000–2012.

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Wages and salaries

article
Birgit Hänilane, Mare Kusma
– Eesti statistika aastaraamat. 2014. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia (p. 166)

After Estonia joined the European Union in 2004, wages rose steadily until 2008 when the recession set in and led to a fall in wages in the following year. In 2011, average wages exceeded the level of 2008. The upward trend in average wages has continued for the last three years.

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Labour costs and wages

article
Minifacts about Estonia 2014 (p. 22)

According to the quarterly survey of Statistics Estonia, the growth of labour costs per employee, which had started after the 2009 crisis continued also in 2012 (5.8%). In 2012 compared to 2011, labour costs per employee increased the most in professional, scientifi c and technical activities (10.6%), and the least in transportation and storage (1.7%). Compared to 2003, labour costs per employee rose 2.1 times by 2012.

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