Agriculture

Data of the Agricultural Census 2010 and data of the Agricultural Census 2001 recalculated on the basis of EU requirements are published in the Statistical Database: Economy > Agriculture > Structure of agricultural holdings.

Cereal yield decreased by a third

news release no 12

According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 2,625 kilograms per hectare in 2018. This is a third less than in 2017.

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Milk production increased year-on-year

news release no 11

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 807,500 tonnes in 2018, which is 2% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows decreased by the end of the year, but the average milk yield per cow increased.

Milk yield per cow, 1994–2018

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Production of cereals increased year on year

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Laura Kütt, Ivika Aasa

The total area of utilised agricultural land did not change considerably in 2017. Production of field crops was higher than in the previous year, but a lot of production was not harvested. The number of pigs increased and the number of cattle also increased slightly. Less meat but more milk and eggs were produced than in the previous year.

Cereal production, 2010‒2017

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Good yield slightly compensated for harvesting losses

news release no 11

According to Statistics Estonia, the average yield of cereals was 3,967 tonnes per hectare in 2017. This is a very good result given the weather conditions in the previous year.

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Milk production increased slightly

news release no 10

According to the preliminary data of Statistics Estonia, the production of milk amounted to 791,800 tonnes in 2017, which is 1% more than the year before. The number of dairy cows increased slightly by the end of the year and also the average annual milk production per cow increased.

Milk production per cow, 1994–2017

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Harvesting is halfway to completion

news release no 103

According to Statistics Estonia, by 15 September, 57% of the sown area of cereals, 47% of the sown area of rape and turnip rape, and 49% of the area under potatoes had been harvested in Estonia.

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Common agricultural policy of the European Union and rural jobs

Majanduse ja tööturu trendid. Economic and Labour Market Trends (p. 147)
Raul Omel

Changes in the society and especially in the economy have shaped both rural economy and rural life as a whole, which has resulted in decreased importance of agriculture both in employment and value added.

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Exports of agricultural products and food preparations from the Baltic states and Finland in 2010−2016

Majanduse ja tööturu trendid. Economic and Labour Market Trends (p. 66)
Evelin Puura, Mirgit Silla

Throughout history, agricultural and food production has been one of the most important activities for humanity, ensuring employment in rural areas and food for the entire population. This article takes a look at exports of agricultural products and food preparations from Estonia in 2010−2016 along with the main destination countries.

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The role of the agri-food supply chain in the Estonian economy

Majanduse ja tööturu trendid. Economic and Labour Market Trends (p. 35)
Ants-Hannes Viira

Economic development leads to decrease in the importance of the primary sector (agriculture, hunting, forestry, fishing). The first and second industrial revolutiona resulted in a significant increase in the share of the secondary sector (mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water supply; construction).

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Agriculture

Minifacts about Estonia 2017 (p. 40)

In 2016, there were 1,003,500 hectares of utilised agricultural area in Estonia, of which 994,300 hectares were in the possession of agricultural holdings and 9,200 hectares in home gardens and small units.

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