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Air

air

Estonia's air is among the cleanest in the world. However, we also have air pollution. Polluted air is a considerable environmental threat to human health. Most harmful are tiny particles from vehicle emissions, combustion processes and chemical reactions in the atmosphere.

Statistics provide an overview of air emissions in Estonia and their origin, for example

  • emissions of chemical and organic compounds and fine particles;
  • emissions of gases caused by acid rain.

The data on air pollutant emissions are used when drawing up development and action plans and for monitoring air quality.

Emissions of sulphur dioxide 30.9 thousand tonnes
-20.0%
2018
Emissions of nitrogen oxides 32.1 thousand tonnes
-4.2%
2018
Emissions of volatile organic compounds 22.4 thousand tonnes
-4.3%
2018
Emissions of fine particulate matter (PM < 10 µm) 11.0 thousand tonnes
-21.4%
2018
Emissions of acidifying pollutants 2.4 thousand tonnes of acidifying equivalents
-17.2%
2018
CO2 emissions from electricity and heat production | 2011–2019
Emissions of acidifying pollutants | 2012–2018
Emissions of nitrogen oxides | 2010 – 2019
Unit: tons
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Economic activities total 53,125 46,325 47,557 46,070 45,095 39,464 41,501 34,557 32,692 25,109
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 5,013 4,521 5,547 4,788 5,029 4,854 5,228 4,926 4,856 4,394
Manufacturing 2,659 3,015 2,777 3,127 2,640 1,888 1,981 3,199 2,939 2,399
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 14,654 14,668 12,480 12,238 12,103 8,868 9,916 9,257 8,265 5,477
Land transport and transport via pipelines 9,147 8,416 6,208 7,348 6,046 5,408 5,399 5,173 4,954 4,638
Water transport 18,044 11,836 16,003 15,769 16,687 15,869 16,306 9,216 9,032 5,884
Air transport 325 420 612 383 405 559 145 311 143 140
Households total 8,932 7,779 7,564 8,252 9,088 9,347 7,851 8,128 8,027 7,533

Emissions of volatile organic compounds | 2010 – 2019
Unit: tons
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Economic activities total 13,246 13,748 13,729 13,784 13,731 13,494 13,416 13,763 12,960 12,526
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4,285 4,407 4,559 4,501 4,767 4,822 4,572 4,945 5,043 4,723
Manufacturing 3,724 3,894 4,012 4,175 4,172 4,762 4,220 4,377 4,057 4,027
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 481 462 542 582 556 493 1,074 1,284 940 1,091
Land transport and transport via pipelines 371 290 264 246 192 176 181 160 150 126
Water transport 644 433 550 557 595 569 589 338 333 230
Air transport 20 25 23 23 25 31 10 21 11 11
Households total 11,081 11,252 12,557 11,873 12,832 13,915 15,448 20,762 20,681 21,708

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