Environmental protection funding

Environmental measures implemented by the state support the development of environmentally friendly consumption and production habits. One of these measures is environmental taxes. Their share in the total tax revenue in Estonia has increased over the years. The purpose of environmental taxes is to mitigate the negative impact of human activity on the environment and to reduce environmental pollution. Examples of environmental taxes are pollution, energy and transport taxes.

Statistics on environmental protection funding provide information on environmental protection expenditures as well as on environmental taxes paid. They include information, such as

  • how much is spent on environmental protection and how large are investments;
  • how much manufacturing enterprises invest in environmental protection and who are the biggest investors;
  • how large is the environmental tax revenue from enterprises and households;
  • how much are environmental protection services consumed.

Environmental protection funding data are used to plan the implementation of environmental protection measures and monitor the ecological tax reform, the purpose of which is to increase taxation on environmental burden and reduce labour taxes.

Environmental taxes 657.0 million euros
-26.1%
2020
Government expenditure on environmental protection 614.8 million euros
-2.7%
2019
Consumption of environmental protection services 532.8 million euros
11.6%
2019
Environmental investments 111.2 million euros
-39.2%
2019
Environmental protection investments of manufacturing enterprises 23.8 million euros
-6.6%
2020
Environmental protection current expenditures of manufacturing enterprises 82.8 million euros
-8.6%
2020
Environmental tax revenue | 2012–2020
Total environmental protection expenditure | 2016–2019
National expenditure for environmental protection | 2016–2019
Environmental taxes | 2010 – 2020
Unit: thousand euros
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Energy taxes 378,947 395,742 431,910 420,935 463,783 491,299 567,409 599,281 623,734 817,049 601,638
Transport taxes 7,450 9,840 10,789 10,936 11,305 12,159 12,521 13,044 13,231 13,371 11,100
Pollution taxes 30,914 34,443 31,483 37,068 44,227 44,920 50,144 52,723 54,527 44,285 28,952
Resource taxes 14,289 14,233 14,882 15,700 13,749 14,506 15,236 15,692 17,445 14,836 15,315

Total environmental protection expenditure | 2016 – 2019
Unit: million euros
2016 2017 2018 2019
National expenditure for environmental protection 496.9 560.7 632.1 614.8
Consumption of environmental protection services by residents (at purchasers' prices) 399.0 442.4 477.5 532.8
Gross fixed capital formation in environmental protection activities 104.2 129.8 182.8 111.2
Transfers -6.2 -11.4 -28.2 -29.2

Environmental protection expenditures and receipts of enterprises not specialised in environmental protection | 2012 – 2020
Unit: thousand euros
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Investments 246,223 201,433 .. 127,307 27,711 13,231 62,457 25,444 23,764
Current expenditures 66,366 76,144 90,036 76,890 73,933 70,755 99,234 90,601 82,777
Receipts from recovered materials 64,953 57,399 56,202 53,166 57,965 60,635 57,453 51,651 52,180

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