Time left until the start of the population and housing census

Population figure

The population figure shows how many people live in Estonia as at the beginning of the year. The population of Estonia includes citizens, foreign nationals living in Estonia and persons with undetermined citizenship. All persons living in Estonia for at least a year are considered inhabitants.

Population 1,330,068
Population figure as at the beginning of the year | 2001 - 2021
Population by native and foreign origin
Population by educational attainment
Population by citizenship | 2021 – 2021
Estonia EU country (excl. Estonia) Non-EU country Not specified Country unknown
2021 1,128,815 20,273 109,806 69,113 2,061

Population by ethnic nationality | 2021 – 2021
Estonians 914,896
Russians 322,700
Other ethnic nationalities 85,333
Ethnic nationality unknown 7,139


Population projection shows population decrease is slowing down

According to Statistics Estonia’s population projection, in 2080, there will be approximately 1.2 million people in Estonia. Over the next 60 years, the population of Estonia will decrease by 11%, in the next 25 years, by 35,800 persons, and by 2080, by 145,200 persons.
Read more 20. June 2019

More births and smaller emigration increased the population figure

According to the revised data of Statistics Estonia, 1,324,820 persons lived in Estonia on 1 January 2019, which is 5,687 persons more than at the same time a year earlier. In 2018, the population figure decreased by 1,384 persons due to negative natural change, but increased by 7,071 persons as a result of positive net migration.
Read more 9. May 2019