Title of statistical activity: Waste management

Code of statistical activity: 10401

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Eda Grüner

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Analyst

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9307

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Annual generation of waste and waste treatment by type of waste

Waste generation by economic activities, every second year (even years)

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

European List of Waste (LoW)

Waste Statistical Nomenclature (EWC-Stat)

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

All sectors and economic activities

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Categories of waste:

- production or consumption residues;

- off-specification products;

- products whose date for appropriate use has expired;

- materials spilled, lost or having undergone other mishap, including any materials, equipment or other objects contaminated as a result of the mishap;

- materials contaminated or soiled as a result of planned actions, e.g. residues from cleaning operations, packing materials, containers;

- unusable accessories, e.g. reject batteries, exhausted catalysts;

- substances which no longer perform satisfactorily, e.g. contaminated acids, solvents and exhausted tempering salts;

- residues of industrial processes, e.g. slags, still bottoms;

- residues from pollution abatement processes, e.g. scrubber sludges, baghouse dusts, spent filters;

- machining and finishing residues, e.g. lathe turnings, mill scales;

- residues from raw materials extraction and processing, e.g. mining residues, oil field slops;

- adulterated materials, e.g. oils contaminated with PCBs;

- all materials, substances or products whose use is prohibited;

- products for which the holder has no further use, e.g. agricultural, household, office, commercial and shop discards;

- contaminated materials, substances or products resulting from remedial action with respect to land;

- any materials, substances or products which are not contained in the above categories.

Hazardous waste – waste which due to the hazardous properties may cause a hazard to health, property or the environment. Wastes are defined hazardous according to Regulation of the Government of the Republic No 263 of 24 November 1998, Approval of the Lists of Waste Categories, Waste Types and Hazardous Waste. The list is based on the European Waste Catalogue (EWC).

Waste – any movable property or registered ship belonging to any of the waste categories which the holder discards, intends or is required to discard.

Waste generation – waste generated in enterprise during the reporting period due to production or other activity including waste collected from others.

Waste management – collection, delivery, recovery and disposal of waste.

Waste permit – a right granted to a person handling waste or waste producer to carry out one or several of the waste handling operations specified in Waste Act or generate waste in the areas of activity specified in § 75 of Waste Act (RT I 2004, 9, 52). Waste permit also determines the requirements for exercising the right. Waste permits are granted by the Environmental Board.

A waste permit is required for:

- disposal of waste;

- waste recovery;

- collection or transport of hazardous waste;

- collection or transport of metal waste produced or transferred by other persons, except collection or transport of metal packagings of beverages taxable on the basis of the Packaging Excise Duty Act (RT I 1997, 5/6, 31; 1999, 54, 583; 2000, 59, 381; 2001, 88, 531; 2003, 88, 591), for the purposes of further commercial distribution or recovery;

- waste transport organized by a local government;

- transport of municipal waste if carried out as a business or professional activity.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Economic unit

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Enterprises who are engaged in waste management or generate big amounts of waste in the production process


Not applicable

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.


3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Quantity of generated and managed waste – tonne

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Commission Regulation (EC) No 1445/2005 of 5 September 2005 defining the proper quality evaluation criteria and the contents of the quality reports for waste statistics for the purposes of Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EC) No 221/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 on waste statistics, as regards the implementing powers conferred on the Commission

Regulation (EU) No 849/2010 of 27 September 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste statistics

Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2002 on waste statistics


Waste Act


European Environment Agency (EEA)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

Not applicable

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Environment / Environmental pressure” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 10601 “Material flow accounts”, 10105 “Energy accounts”, 50201 “Sustainable development indicators” and 10001 “Environmental trends”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Manual on waste statistics. A handbook for data collection on waste generation and treatment, Eurostat (2013)


10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

The quality report is submitted to Eurostat in even years in accordance with the regulation on waste statistics. Separate quality reports have not been published.

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of the Environment

Environmental Board

Estonian Rescue Board

Ministry of the Interior

Stockholm Environment Insitute (SEI Tallinn)

Local government institutions

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

Complete for the territory of Estonia as a whole

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not applicable

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are published 300 days after the end of the reference year (T + 300).

The data about waste generation by economic activity are published 540 days after the end of the reference year (T + 540).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The common international methodology allows a cross-country comparison of the data collected under the regulation on waste statistics.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

In 2000, the classification by type of material was replaced with a classification by type of waste, which meant that one time series ended and another was started. In 2002, the classification by type of waste was harmonised with the European List of Waste (LoW), meaning that a new time series was started again.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Waste statistics according to regulation on waste statistics are related to statistical activity 22203 “Manufactured goods and industrial services”, which is used as input in classifying waste of unspecified origin by economic activities. Waste statistics provide input for statistical activities 10601 “Material flow accounts”, 10105 “Energy accounts”, 50201 “Sustainable development indicators” and 10001 “Environmental trends”.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The data are inherently coherent, as the same methodology and data sources are used.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 8 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not used


The following data are received from the Estonian Environment Agency: waste generation by type of waste; waste disposal, incl. disposal in landfills; waste recovery, incl. energy recovery; export and import of waste.


Data from statistical activity 22203 “Manufactured goods and industrial services” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Enterprises which have an obligation to report on their waste management submit the report to the Environmental Board, and the Environmental Board sends the reports to the Estonian Environment Agency.

Statistics Estonia receives the data from the Estonian Environment Agency by e-mail.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, the internal coherence of the data is checked. The data are compared with the data of previous periods and checked for inconsistencies.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. The collected data are converted into statistical output according to the guidelines in the manual on waste statistics.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available