Title of statistical activity: Price of electricity and natural gas
Code of statistical activity: 20409
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9228
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Final consumption prices of electricity and natural gas for industrial and household end-users by consumption
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
End-users of electricity and natural gas:
- Industrial end-users;
- Household end-users.
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors.
Gas price per gigajoule includes all charges payable: network charges plus energy consumed minus any discounts or premiums, plus other charges (capacity charges, commercialisation, meter rental, etc.). Initial connection charges and VAT are excluded.
Industrial end-user – legal person using natural gas for own consumption, i.e. all consumers excluding household end-users.
Household end-user – consumer using natural gas in a household.
Electricity price per kilowatt hour includes all charges payable: network charges plus energy consumed minus any discounts or premiums, plus other charges (capacity charges, commercialisation, meter rental, etc.). Initial connection charges and VAT are excluded.
Industrial end-user – legal person using natural gas for own consumption, i.e. all consumers excluding household end-users.
Household end-user – consumer using natural gas in a household for purposes not connected with economic or professional activities.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Enterprises who sell electricity and natural gas; and free consumers who buy electricity from the power exchange for their own use
List of enterprises who have been licensed to sell electricity and natural gas – obtained from the Register of Economic Activities of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.
List of free consumers of electricity – obtained from the website of Nord Pool Spot (http://www.nordpoolspot.com).
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
The price of natural gas – euros per gigajoule
The price of electricity – euros per kilowatt hour
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) 2016/1952 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 on European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices and repealing Directive 2008/92/EC (Text with EEA relevance)
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
International Energy Agency (IEA)
United Nations (UN)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee under the subject area “Economy / Energy / Energy efficiency indicators" in the following tables:
KE31: Gas price for industrial end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE32: Gas price for households' end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE33: Electricity price for industrial end-user by consumption (semiannual)
KE34: Electricity price for households' end-user by consumption (semiannual)
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 21401 “National accounts (annual)” and 20407 “Consumer price index”.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
REGULATION (EU) 2016/1952 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 October 2016 on European statistics on natural gas and electricity prices and repealing Directive 2008/92/EC (Text with EEA relevance)
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
The data are released 85 days after the end of reference period (T + 85).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are comparable to the data of other European Union countries because of the common methodology used for collecting and calculating energy prices.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
The data are comparable over time since year 2007.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Cost of statistical activity 6.8 thousand euros (data for 2018)
Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, working days: 40.6
Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:
Elektrienergia hind 2.6
Maagaasi hind 1.8
(data for 2016)
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Total population is 100 objects. All objects have been observed.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at https://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian).
Data are collected with the half-yearly statistical questionnaires “Price of electricity” and “Price of natural gas”.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, internal coherence of the data is checked.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
In case of missing or unreliable data, missing values are imputed according to set rules. Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly; the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived variables.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes summation of data according to the classification and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional variables. The basis of calculating average price is the weighted average price of the previous six months by consumer groups, which end-users have paid in the previous six months for electricity or natural gas. The amount of used electricity or natural gas is used as weights.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.