Title of statistical activity: Enterprise groups
Code of statistical activity: 20904
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Data Processing and Registers Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9391
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Enterprise groups in Estonia by country, economic activity and type of enterprise group
Units in enterprise groups by economic activity and size groups based on number of persons employed
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
Estonian Classifcation of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Classification of legal forms
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
Enterprise groups are comprised of commercial undertakings. Besides a commercial enterprise, a non-profit association can be the group head.
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Enterprise group – an association of enterprises bound together by legal and/or financial links. An enterprise group is formed by the parent company and its directly and indirectly controlled subsidiaries.
Control exists if one unit owns more than 50% of the voting shares of another enterprise or has dominant influence in some other way over the action and financial plans of the enterprise.
Group head – a parent legal unit (commercial undertaking, non-profit institution or foundation), which is not controlled either directly or indirectly by any other legal unit.
Nationality of the enterprise group – country, where the group head is registered.
Estonian all-resident group – an enterprise group under the control of an Estonian group head with all subsidiaries registered in Estonia.
Estonian multinational enterprise group – an enterprise group under the control of an Estonian group head, which includes at least one subsidiary registered outside Estonia.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Foreign-controlled enterprise groups located in Estonia, Estonian all-resident and multinational enterprise groups
List of enterprise groups and their subsidiaries economically active in Estonia.
The list is generated from the business register for statistical purposes.
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Number of statistical units
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Council Regulation (EEC) No 696/93 of 15 March 1993 on the statistical units for the observation and analysis of the production system in the Community
Regulation (EC) No 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 on European business statistics, repealing 10 legal acts in the field of business statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Economic units” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 20319 “Financial statistics of foreign affiliates”.
Microdata are submitted to Eurostat’s EuroGroups Register for updating.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Regulation (EC) No 177/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 establishing a common framework for business registers for statistical purposes
Council Regulation (EEC) No 696/93 of 15 March 1993 on the statistical units for the observation and analysis of the production system in the Community
Business Registers Recommendations Manual, Eurostat
International Guidelines on Statistical Business Registers, UNECE
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Government and local government institutions
Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)
Research and educational institutions
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
The business register for statistical purposes includes Estonian or foreign-controlled enterprise groups that include at least one legal unit registered in Estonia. The data of enterprise groups in the register comply with the data composition requirements of Regulation (EC) No 177/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council.
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
The data are published 120 days after the end of the reference year (T + 120).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are comparable with the data of other European Union (EU) countries. When compiling data for Estonia, the business register for statistical purposes is used, which is in compliance with the requirements of the EU regulation.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
Statistics Estonia has been collecting data on enterprise groups active in Estonia regularly since 2005. The first published data are for 2004. The data of enterprise groups (number of subsidiaries, employed persons and employees) cover only subsidiaries registered in Estonia and economically active in 2004. As of 2013, the business register for statistical purposes, which is used as the basis for the statistical activity on enterprise groups, includes information on Estonian multinational enterprise groups besides the previously published data on foreign and Estonian resident enterprise groups. Branches of foreign companies and state and local government entities are not included among economic units.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
For compiling the statistics, the data of statistical activity 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes” are used. The data of this statistical activity are used in statistical activity 20319 “Financial statistics of foreign affiliates” to determine the controlling country and identify foreign subsidiaries.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent. Higher-level aggregations are derived from detailed data according to pre-defined procedures.
Cost of statistical activity 5.6 thousand euros (data for 2018)
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Data on shareholders of companies are received from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Infomation Systems and balance of payments' data from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activities 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)” and 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes”.
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
The data from the commercial register are obtained via X-Road. The data from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia) are received by e-mail.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods, other surveys and administrative data sources. Before data dissemination, internal coherence of the data is checked.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
For producing statistics on enterprise groups, data from the business register for statistical purposes (statistical profile) is used, based on which the groups' indicators are calculated and the main activity of the group is determined.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.