Title of statistical activity: Economic accounts for agriculture

Code of statistical activity: 21207

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Pille Veidenberg

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Analyst

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9136

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Agricultural output, intermediate consumption, gross and net value added and fixed capital consumption at basic prices of the corresponding and previous year

Compensation of employees, other taxes and subsidies on production, factor income, operating surplus, rents, interests paid and received, entrepreneurial income at prices of the corresponding year

Unit values for agricultural products at producer and basic prices

Gross fixed capital formation, salaried and non-salaried labour force in annual work units

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

Combined Nomenclature (CN)

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Agricultural holdings and agricultural small units

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Annual work unit (AWU) – national or regional average annual working time of adult full-time farm workers employed throughout 12 months (a calendar year) for 1,800 hours, i.e. 225 working days, each day 8 hours.

Basic price – the price obtained from the buyer for a unit of goods or services (producer price), less taxes on products, plus subsidies for the production or sale of the product.

Entrepreneurial income – operating surplus less paid rent and interest plus interest received.

Factor income – net value added less other production charges plus other subsidies on production.

Fixed capital consumption – the foreseeable wear and tear of fixed capital goods during the accounting period represent a charge which is implicit so long as the item is not replaced by a new acquisition. The consumption of fixed capital is not calculated for stocks and unfinished products, non-produced assets (land, underground deposits and patented assets) and animals providing agricultural production.

Gross value added – the output of agricultural industry less total intermediate consumption.

Intermediate consumption – the value of all goods and services used as inputs in the production process, excluding fixed assets whose consumption is recorded as fixed capital consumption.

Net value added – gross value added less fixed capital consumption.

Operating surplus – factor income less compensation of employees.

Output – sales, processing by producers, own final consumption, used for payments in kind, own-account produced fixed capital goods, change in stocks and intra-unit consumption. Within the industry non-marketable intra-unit consumed products (such as animal feeding stuffs produced in crop production) are included in agricultural output.

Output of agricultural industry – the sum of the agricultural goods and services produced by agricultural units and inseparable non-agricultural goods and services produced by agricultural units.

Producer price – price received from the purchaser for a unit of goods or services.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Agricultural holding and agricultural small unit

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.


For data collection on buying-in cereals and rape seed the frame is the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.

Economic Accounts for Agriculture 1995–…

3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Financial data – euro

Volumes – tonne

Employment – annual work unit (AWU)

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Regulation (EC) No 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 December 2003 on the economic accounts for agriculture in the Community


Not available


Not available

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Agriculture” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 21303 “Government finance”, 21408 “Supply and Use Tables”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21405 “National accounts (quarterly)”, 20405 “Agricultural input price index”, 20406 “Agricultural output price index” and 21213 “Supply balance sheets of agricultural products”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

Eurostat’s manuals for supply balance sheets of agricultural products

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

The quality report submitted to Eurostat

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

In compliance with the rules (regulations)

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The data are comparable to the data of other Member States of the European Union because a common methodology is used. Since the data are input to the national accounts, small agricultural units are also included in the Estonian Economic Accounts for Agriculture.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

Agricultural income indicators are comparable over time.

The accounts have been specified for individual types of production:

Since 2017, the accounting for potatoes has been revised, which means that the potato data are not directly comparable with previous years.

Since 2015, the accounting methodology of nursery production has changed, which means that the data of nurseries are not directly comparable to previous years.

Until 2014, other crop production includes straw, from 2015 herbs and plants, and other industrial crops, etc.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

As input data for economic accounts for agriculture are data of other agricultural statistics activities, the accounts are coherent with other agricultural statistics. The yield/output data are derived from agricultural production statistics, and labour force data from the Farm Structure Survey and economic indicators of agricultural holdings. In addition, prices are based on price statistics, exports on foreign trade statistics, intermediate consumption and other costs on economic indicators of agricultural holdings, depreciation and capital investment on macroeconomic statistics and subsidies on data of the Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB) through the Ministry of Rural Affairs.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent. Higher-level aggregations are derived from detailed data according to pre-defined procedures. Agricultural income figures are calculated.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 33.3 thousand euros (data for 2018)

Total time of filling in reports of the statistical activity, working days: 95.2

Average time of filling in the reports, hours per report:

Teravili 1.6

(data for 2016)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not applicable


Aggregated data about subsidies on products, production and investments are received from the Ministry of Rural Affairs.

Information on the prices of cereals and oilseed rape is obtained from Estonian Institute of Economic Research.


Data from statistical activities 21203 “Livestock farming and meat production”, 21206 “Purchase and use of milk”, 21207 “Economic accounts for agriculture”, 21214 “Crop farming”, 22303 “Foreign trade” and 40203 “Household Budget Survey” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through eSTAT (the web channel for electronic data submission). The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion in eSTAT and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at https://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian).

Data are collected with official statistics annual questionnaire “Cereals”.

Data of other surveys are used as aggregate data.

Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and from the Estonian Institute of Economic Research are received by e-mail.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applicable

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Pursuant to the European Union Common Agricultural Policy Implementation Act, Statistics Estonia compiles the economic accounts for agriculture in cooperation with the Ministry of Rural Affairs – the Ministry of Rural Affairs will compile the initial results of the current calendar year by November of the same year and the results of the calendar year by January of the following year, and Statistics Estonia will compile the final results of the calendar year by September of the following year.