Title of statistical activity: National accounts (quarterly)

Code of statistical activity: 21405

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Robert Müürsepp

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Analyst

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

625 9138

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Gross domestic product (GDP) and its components by production, expenditure and income approach

GDP by production approach by institutional sector and economic activity; by components of domestic demand together with imports and exports of goods and services at current prices and by chained value; the component’s growth compared to the previous period and the corresponding period of the previous year; the component’s contribution to GDP growth and share in the GDP

Economically active population, unemployed and employed persons by economic activity: employees and self-employed persons (employment, hours worked, number of jobs)

Labour productivity per employee, per hour worked, labour unit cost

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG)

Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP)

Combined Nomenclature (CN)

Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 2008)

List of Products of the European Community (PRODCOM List)

ESA: Classification of transactions and other flows 2010

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Non-financial corporations, financial corporations, general government, households and non-profit institutions serving households

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices – the sum of the gross value added of all resident producers at basic prices, plus taxes less subsidies on products.

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.

Economic territory

Institutional unit

Economic activity

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Not applicable


Not applicable

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.

1st quarter 1995 – …

3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

In case of the chain-linking method, the year preceding the accounting period (t – 1) is used as the base period.

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

GDP and its transactions – million euros

Chain-linked volume growth and share in GDP – percentage

Contribution to GDP growth – percentage point

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)

Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 of 15 July 2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 109/2005 of 24 January 2005 on the definition of the economic territory of Member States for the purposes of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1722/2005 of 20 October 2005 on the principles for estimating dwelling services for the purpose of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 724/2014 of 26 June 2014 on the interchange standard for the transmission of data required under Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2015/1342 of 22 April 2015 amending the methodology for the classification of products by activity given in Annex A to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

REGULATION (EC) No 1365/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 September 2006 on statistics of goods transport by inland waterways and repealing Council Directive 80/1119/EEC

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2016/2304 of 19 December 2016 on the modalities, structure, periodicity and assessment indicators of the quality reports on data transmitted pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council


COMMISSION DECISION of 22 February 1994 on measures to be taken for the implementation of Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom on the harmonization of the compilation of gross national product at market prices (94/168/EC, Euratom)

COMMISSION DECISION of 24 July 1998 on the treatment for national accounts purposes of VAT fraud (the discrepancies between theoretical VAT receipts and actual VAT receipts) (notified under document number C(1998) 2202)


Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

The news release “Gross Domestic Product” once a quarter. The news releases can be viewed on the website at https://www.stat.ee/news-releases.

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published.

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published underthe subject area “Economy / National accounts” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

Not applicable

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 20412 “Dwelling price index and owner-occupied housing price index”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21406 “Regional GDP” and 21407 “Sector accounts”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010)


System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA). European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations, World Bank (2009, New York)


10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

According to Commission implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/2304, the quality report on data transmitted pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Finance

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

The quarterly national accounts are in compliance with the European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010) methodology.

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The accuracy of the national accounts depends on the quality of data of other statistical activities used as input. The accuracy of input data from statistical activities is monitored.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Eurostat and the NSIs try to reduce non-sampling errors through continuous methodological improvements and survey process improvements.

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

Final data on the gross domestic product (GDP) are published 2 months after the end of the reference quarter (t + 2).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The geographical comparability of national accounts in Member States of the European Union is ensured by the application of common definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). Worldwide geographical comparison is also possible as most non-European countries apply the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) guidelines, and SNA 2008 is consistent with ESA 2010.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

National accounts time series compiled according to a common methodology start from the 1st quarter 1995.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Within the system of national accounts there is full consistency between the domains: annual and quarterly national accounts, government accounts, sector accounts, financial accounts, regional accounts, supply and use tables. However, in practice full consistency may not always be possible and temporary discrepancies might occur. They are usually the result of vintage differences.

Primary statistics like structural business statistics (SBS), short term statistics (STS) and labour force statistics (LFS) are widely used as input for national accounts. However, there is no full consistency between these statistical domains and national accounts. Main reasons are differences in concepts/definitions and in coverage. Balance of payments is also used as an important source for national accounts. The definitions and coverage of balance of payments, as defined in the BPM6 manual, are fully harmonised with those in ESA 2010. Therefore, balance of payments variables are in principle fully coherent with the corresponding national accounts variables.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

Within the system of national accounts there is full consistency between the domains: annual and quarterly national accounts, government accounts, sector accounts, financial accounts, regional accounts, supply and use tables. However, in practice full consistency may not always be possible and temporary discrepancies might occur. They are usually the result of vintage differences.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 119.1 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The GDP calculations are revised regularly with updated input data. Each year, the data for the last 4 years and the quarters are revised based on the supply and use tables and the Structural Business Survey. The results of this revision are published together with the 2nd quarter GDP. When publishing the 1st quarter GDP, the 4th quarter GDP estimates are revised if necessary. When publishing the 3rd quarter GDP, the 2nd quarter GDP estimates are revised if necessary. When publishing the 4th quarter GDP, the estimates of the three previous quarters are revised if necessary.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not used


Data on state budget and local government budgets by budget classification are received from the information system of governmental accounts of the Ministry of Finance.

The expenditure report of state pension insurance is received from the Social Insurance Board.

The expenditure report of health insurance is received from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

Data on the following tax returns are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board: income tax return for a resident natural person (form A); business income of a resident natural person (form E); declaration of income and social tax, unemployment insurance premiums and contributions to mandatory funded pension (form TSD).

Information about foreigners working in Estonia on the basis of a temporary work permit is received from the Police and Border Guard Board.

The number of members of the armed forces based outside Estonia is received from the Ministry of Defence.

The following data are received from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: number of Estonian residents on diplomatic missions abroad; number of local employees working in the Estonian government agencies located outside the territory of Estonia; total number of employees working in the Estonian government agencies located outside the territory of Estonia; number of foreign employees working in foreign embassies in the territory of Estonia.

The following data are received from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia): Balance of Payments, aggregated balance sheet and income statement of commercial banks, aggregated income statement of leasing companies.


Data from statistical activities 20007 “Financial statistics of enterprises (quarterly)”, 20103 “Construction volume indices”, 20205 “Energy consumption and production (monthly)”, 20401 “Construction price index”, 20403 “Export price index”, 20404 “Import price index”, 20405 “Agricultural input price index”, 20406 “Agricultural output price index”, 20407 “Consumer price index”, 20408 “Production price index of industrial output”, 20413 “Service producer price index”, 21101 “Wages and salaries”, 21207 “Economic accounts for agriculture“, 21301 “Financial statistics of financial service activities and activities auxiliary to financial services (quarterly)”, 21307 “Financial statistics of insurance enterprises (quarterly)”, 21303 “Government finance”, 21304 “Pension funds”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21408 “Supply and use tables”, 21601 “Financial statistics of trade enterprises (monthly)”, 21603 “Trade volume indices”, 22027 “Registered motor vehicles“, 22029 “Transport of passengers and goods by transport enterprises”, 22032 “Air transport”, 22201 “Production indices”, 22303 “Foreign trade”, 30101 “Population“, 30205 “Vital events. Deaths and causes of death“, 30206 “Vital events. Births“, 40203 “Household Budget Survey” or 40204 “Consumption expenditure forecast” and 40701 “Labour Force Survey” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Administrative data are received via X-Road, an FTP-server or by e-mail.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with the data of previous periods and other surveys.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

Collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculation of additional indicators.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Time series are seasonally and working day adjusted. Seasonal adjustments are made using Demetra+ software.

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available