Title of statistical activity: Supply and use tables

Code of statistical activity: 21408

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Iljen Dedegkajeva

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Analyst

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 9374

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Indicators at current prices and constant prices of the previous year: output at basic prices by product and industry, imports of goods and services (CIF), total supply at basic prices by product, trade and transport margins, taxes and subsidies by product, total supply at purchasers’ prices by product, intermediate consumption by product and industry, value added by components and industry, exports of goods and services; private consumption expenditure, consumption expenditure of non-profit institutions serving households (NPISH) and final consumption expenditure of general government by product; gross fixed capital formation and changes in inventories by product, total use at purchaser’s prices and basic prices by product

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 2008)

Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2

Combined Nomenclature (CN)

List of Products of the European Community (PRODCOM List)

Classification by Broad Economic Categories (BEC)

ESA 2010: Transaction in products and distributive transactions

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Non-financial corporations

Financial corporations

General government


Non-profit institutions serving households

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

The supply table shows the supply of goods and services by product and by type of supplier, distinguishing output by domestic industries and imports. The supply table is compiled at basic prices. For the transformation into purchaser’s prices, additional columns for trade and transport margins, taxes and subsidies on products are added.

The use table at purchaser’s prices shows the use of goods and services by product and by type of use. Furthermore, the table shows the structure of intermediate consumption and the value added generated by industry.

By definition, the total of each row in the supply table is equal to the corresponding row in the use table (provided supplies and uses are valued consistently). The column totals for each industry in supply table (output at basic prices) are equal to the column totals in use table (intermediate consumption plus value added).

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.





Final use

Value added

3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Not applicable


Not applicable

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.


3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

All indicators (output, intermediate consumption, value added, etc.) – million euros

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


REGULATION (EC) No 1365/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 September 2006 on statistics of goods transport by inland waterways and repealing Council Directive 80/1119/EEC

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2016/2304 of 19 December 2016 on the modalities, structure, periodicity and assessment indicators of the quality reports on data transmitted pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 of 15 July 2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation)

Commission Regulation (EC) No 109/2005 of 24 January 2005 on the definition of the economic territory of Member States for the purposes of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices

Commission Regulation (EC) No 1722/2005 of 20 October 2005 on the principles for estimating dwelling services for the purpose of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2015/1342 of 22 April 2015 amending the methodology for the classification of products by activity given in Annex A to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 724/2014 of 26 June 2014 on the interchange standard for the transmission of data required under Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)


COMMISSION DECISION of 22 February 1994 on measures to be taken for the implementation of Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom on the harmonization of the compilation of gross national product at market prices (94/168/EC, Euratom)

COMMISSION DECISION of 24 July 1998 on the treatment for national accounts purposes of VAT fraud (the discrepancies between theoretical VAT receipts and actual VAT receipts) (notified under document number C(1998) 2202)


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Economy / National accounts” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 10104 “Environmental taxes accounts”, 10406 “Air emissions accounts”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 21403 “Tourism satellite accounts”, 21406 “Regional GDP”, 21407 “Sector accounts”, 21409 “Input-output tables” and 21410 “Statistics on gross national income and weighted average VAT rate for own resources”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010)

System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA). European Commission, International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations, World Bank (2009, New York)


Handbook on price and volume measures in national accounts, Eurostat (2001)


Eurostat Manual of Supply, Use and Input-Output Tables. Eurostat (2008)


Manual on goods sent abroad for processing - 2014 edition


Manual on measuring Research and Development in ESA 2010


Manual on the changes between ESA 95 and ESA 2010 - 2014 edition


Note on foreign trade reported by non residents


10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

According to Commission implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/2304, the quality report on data transmitted pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications

Ministry of Finance

Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia)

Research institutions and universities

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

In compliance with the ESA2010 transmission programme

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

The accuracy of source data is monitored by assessing the methodological soundness of data sources and the adherence to the methodological recommendations.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are published 1,080 days after the end of the reference year (T + 1080).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

The geographical comparability of national accounts in Member States of the European Union is ensured by the application of common definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010). Worldwide geographical comparison is also possible as most non-European countries apply the System of National Accounts (SNA 2008) guidelines, and SNA 2008 is consistent with ESA 2010.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

The supply and use tables (abbreviated SUT in the database) for 2000–2009 are compiled according to the European System of Accounts (ESA) 95 and the supply and use tables for 2010 according to ESA 95 and ESA 2010. Starting from 2011, the supply and use tables are compiled according to ESA 2010 only.

The supply and use tables compiled according to Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK) 2008 (based on NACE Rev. 2) and Statistical Classification of Products by Activity in the European Economic Community (CPA) 2008 are comparable over time from 2008 onwards. Before that, in 2000–2007, the supply and use tables were compiled according to EMTAK 2003 and CPA 2002.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

Within the system of national accounts there is full consistency between the domains: supply and use tables, annual and quarterly national accounts, government accounts, sector accounts, financial accounts, regional accounts. However, in practice full consistency may not always be possible and temporary discrepancies might occur. They are usually the result of vintage differences.

Primary statistics like structural business statistics (SBS), short term statistics (STS) and labour force statistics (LFS) are widely used as input for national accounts. However, there is no full consistency between these statistical domains and national accounts. Main reasons are differences in concepts/definitions and in coverage. Balance of payments is also used as an important source for national accounts. The definitions and coverage of balance of payments, as defined in the BPM6 manual, are fully harmonised with those in ESA 2010. Therefore, balance of payments variables are in principle fully coherent with the corresponding national accounts variables.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

Within the system of national accounts there is full consistency between the domains: supply and use tables, annual and quarterly national accounts, government accounts, sector accounts, financial accounts, regional accounts. However, in practice full consistency may not always be possible and temporary discrepancies might occur. They are usually the result of vintage differences.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 125.3 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

The supply and use tables for 2010 were revised in 2014 in accordance with the new ESA 2010 methodology.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not used


Annual reports of enterprises are received from the commercial register of the Centre of Registers and Infomation Systems. Data on the following tax returns are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board: value added tax return (form KMD); declaration of income and social tax, unemployment insurance premiums and contributions to mandatory funded pension (form TSD, annexes 4 and 5); business income of a resident natural person (form E); and data on excise duties, customs duties, land tax, gambling tax and heavy goods vehicles tax. Balance of Payments data are received from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia).


Data from statistical activities 20003 “Financial statistics of agricultural, forestry and fishing enterprises (annual)”, 20205 “Energy consumption and production (monthly)”, 20206 “Energy consumption and production (annual)”, 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)”, 20401 “Construction price index”, 20403 “Export price index”, 20404 “Import price index”, 20407 “Consumer price index”, 20408 “Producer price index of industrial output”, 20413 “Service producer price index”, 20902 “Statistics of economic units”, 21207 “Economic accounts for agriculture”, 21300 “Financial statistics of financial service activities and activities auxiliary to financial services (annual)”, 21303 “Government finance”, 21401 “National accounts (annual)”, 22015 “Transport by railway”, 22029 “Transport of passengers and goods by transport enterprises”, 22031 “Water transport”, 22032 “Air transport”, 22203 “Manufactured goods and industrial services”, 22303 “Foreign trade” and 40701 “Labour Force Survey” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Administrative data are obtained from FTP-server and via X-Road, directly from a database, as an Excel table by e-mail and from the website of the data source.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, their internal coherence is checked.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculation of additional indicators.

The supply and use tables are compiled and balanced both at basic and purchaser’s prices.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available