Title of statistical activity: Innovation in enterprises
Code of statistical activity: 21702
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9233
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Innovativeness and innovation activities of enterprises, expenditure on innovation activities; assessment of innovation objectives, information sources and partners in innovation co-operation by type of innovation, type of innovation activity, economic activity and size class
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
NACE rev.2 divisions 5–33, 35–39, 46, 49–53, 58–66, 71–73
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Transport enterprises statistics do not cover branches of foreign companies and sole proprietors.
Innovation – the market introduction of a new or significantly improved product; the implementation of a new or significantly improved process, organisational or marketing method in an enterprise.
Innovation activities – the acquisition of machinery, equipment, software and licenses; engineering and development work, product design, training and marketing when they are specifically undertaken to develop and/or implement a product or process innovation, and any kind of intra-mural research and development.
Marketing innovation – the implementation of a new marketing concept or strategy that differs significantly from enterprise’s existing marketing methods and which has not been used before by the enterprise.
Organisational innovation – a new organisational method in enterprise’s business practices (including knowledge management), workplace organisation or external relations that has not been previously used by the enterprise.
Process innovation – the implementation of a new or significantly improved production process, distribution method or supporting activity.
Product innovation – the market introduction of a new or significantly improved good or service with respect to its characteristics or type of use, user friendliness, components or sub-systems.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Enterprises with at least 10 persons employed and whose main activity according to EMTAK 2008 (NACE Rev. 2) falls within divisions 5–33, 35–39, 46, 49–53, 58–66, 71–73
List of active enterprises whose economic activities are covered by the survey. The list is generated from the Business Register for Statistical Purposes.
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
Counties – the estimated share of innovative enterprises
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Number of enterprises
Number of employees
Share – %
Innovation expenditure, turnover, export – euro
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 July 2003 concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and technology (Text with EEA relevance)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1450/2004 of 13 August 2004 implementing Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on innovation
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 995/2012 of 26 October 2012 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Decision No 1608/2003/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the production and development of Community statistics on science and technology
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
Over two years
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
The news release “Innovation” over two years. The news release can be viewed on the website at https://www.stat.ee/news-releases.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published under the subject area “Economy / Science, technology and innovation” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
Data serve as input for statistical activity 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Oslo Manual. Guidelines for collecting, reporting and using data on innovation.
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
A quality report is sent to Eurostat for each period of the innovation survey.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Education and Research
The Government of the Republic
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
University of Tartu
Tallinn University of Technology
Praxis Centre for Policy Studies
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
In compliance with the rules (regulations)
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
The accuracy of source data is monitored by assessing the methodological soundness of data sources and the adherence to the methodological recommendations.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
Variation coefficients for important variables
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
Eurostat and the National Statistical Institutes try to reduce non-sampling errors through continuous methodological and survey process improvements.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
The data are published 470 days after the end of the reference year (T + 470).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are comparable with countries which collect data based on the common OECD methodology, which is also used by Eurostat.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
Data on key issues are comparable over time. Additional questions vary from one survey to another.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
The main indicators of the innovation survey and annual statistics of enterprises are coherent. There are coherence problems with the Research and Development survey data, as the questionnaires may be filled in by different persons in the enterprise.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
Calculation of enterprise innovation indicators is based on OECD methodology (Oslo Manual), which ensures coherence, comparability over time and across countries. OECD methodology is also used by Eurostat.
Cost of statistical activity 13.3 thousand euros (data for 2018)
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
The population is 3,700 objects. The sample includes 2,100 objects.
Stratified simple random sampling by economic activity and size class of the enterprise (number of employed persons) is used. The population includes industrial enterprises (excl. construction) and service enterprises with at least 10 employed persons in selected activities.
The Estonian Patent Office data on registered patent applications, trademarks and industrial design rights.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 20300 “Financial statistics of enterprises (annual)” are used.
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
Over two years
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
Data are collected and the submission of questionnaires is monitored through the web channel for electronic data submission. The questionnaires have been designed for independent completion and include instructions and controls. The questionnaires and information about data submission are available on Statistics Estonia’s website at https://www.stat.ee/andmete-esitamine (in Estonian).
Data are collected with the annual statistical questionnaire “Enterprises innovation survey”.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
Arithmetic and qualitative controls are used in the validation process, including comparison with other data. Before data dissemination, internal coherence of the data is checked.
The data of relevant support of Enterprise Estonia (EAS) are used for checking the received data.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
In case of missing or unreliable data, missing values are imputed according to set rules. Variables and statistical units which were not collected but which are necessary for producing output are calculated. New variables are calculated by applying arithmetic conversion to already existing variables. This may be done repeatedly; the derived variable may, in turn, be based on previously derived variables.
For statistical units weights are calculated, which are used to expand the data of the sample survey to the total population.
Microdata are aggregated to the level necessary for analysis. This includes summation of data according to the classification and calculating various statistical measures, e.g. average, median, dispersion, etc. The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional variables.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.
The Community Innovation Survey (CIS) was first conducted in Estonia for the year 2000. Since 2004, the survey is conducted every two years.