Title of statistical activity: Foreign trade in services
Code of statistical activity: 22304
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
51 Tatari Str, 10134 Tallinn, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 9198
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Exports and imports of services by economic activity of economic unit
Exports and imports of services by EBOPS 2010 section and type of ownership
Exports and imports of services by administrative unit
Exports and imports of services by EBOPS 2010 and economic activity of economic unit
Exports and imports of services by type of ownership and economic activity of economic unit
Exports and imports of services by EBOPS 2010 and number of persons employed
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
The Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev. 2
The Extended Balance of Payments Services classification 2010 (EBOPS 2010)
The Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
Economic units which have services trade transactions with the European Union (EU) countries and non-EU countries
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
The services account reflects the services sold to and purchased from non-residents by Estonian residents.
Exports of services – the cost of services sold by residents of Estonia to non-residents.
Imports of services – the cost of services purchased by residents of Estonia from non-residents.
Balance = exports minus imports.
The services sold to and purchased from non-residents are the following:
- manufacturing services;
- maintenance and repair services;
- insurance and pension services;
- financial services;
- charges for the use of intellectual property;
- telecommunications, computer and information services;
- research and development services; professional and management consulting services; technical, trade-related and other business services;
- personal, cultural, and recreational services;
- government goods and services not included elsewhere.
1. state authorities or agencies of the Republic of Estonia in the broadest sense (legislative, executive and judicial bodies or their agencies, and constitutional institutions), and local governments or their agencies;
2. Estonian diplomatic, consular or other official representations in foreign countries, and representative offices of other Estonian institutions or organisations abroad which are not engaged in any economic or commercial activity;
3. legal persons in public law and their agencies formed under the laws of the Republic of Estonia;
4. legal persons in private law registered in the Republic of Estonia, or their representative offices (including cross-border service providers);
5. companies (Societas Europaea, SE) or cooperatives (Societas Cooperativa Europaea, SCE) registered in the Republic of Estonia under the statute for a European company, or their representative offices;
6. branches of foreign legal persons registered in the Republic of Estonia;
7. Estonian citizens residing in the Republic of Estonia;
8. aliens residing in the Republic of Estonia who hold a permanent residence permit or a temporary residence permit for at least one year;
9. persons specified in clauses 7 or 8, studying or undergoing medical treatment abroad, irrespective of the duration of their studies or medical treatment;
10. persons specified in clauses 7 or 8 who are members of a ship crew, seasonal or cross-border workers abroad, irrespective of the duration of their stay abroad;
11. diplomats, military personnel, staff of consular or other official representations of the Republic of Estonia and their family members abroad who enjoy immunity and diplomatic privileges.
County not specified – it is not possible to specify the county (for example, in the case of aggregated data, pension funds, tourists, private persons, or non-residents) or there is no information about the contact address of the enterprise.
Economic activity not specified – it is not possible to specify the economic activity (for example, in the case of aggregated data, pension funds, tourists, private persons, or non-residents) or there is no information about the primary activity of the enterprise.
Economic unit – enterprise (company, sole proprietor) or non-profit unit (non-profit association, foundation, government institution, local government institution) entered in the Commercial Register.
Enterprise – an enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors.
Persons employed – persons who work in an economic unit, irrespective of the length of their working week. Those absent for a longer period (on maternity leave, in conscript service, etc.) are excluded.
Type of ownership – a basis for the classification of enterprises according to their capital involvement (majority of votes) in the company.
Type of ownership not specified – it is not possible to specify the type of ownership (for example, in the case of aggregated data, pension funds, tourists, private persons, or non-residents) or there is no information about the type of ownership of the enterprise.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Residents of Estonia who sell services to or purchase services from a non-resident
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Exports and imports of services – euro
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EC) No 184/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 January 2005 on Community statistics concerning balance of payments, international trade in services and foreign direct investment
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
Data are published in the statistical database at http://andmebaas.stat.ee under the subject area “Economy / Foreign Trade / Foreign trade in services” in the following tables:
VKT10: Exports and imports of services by economic activity of economic unit (quarterly)
VKT12: Exports and imports of services by administrative unit (quarterly)
VKT14: Exports and imports of services by service (EBOPS) and type of ownership of economic unit
VKT16: Exports and imports of services by service (EBOPS) and number of persons employed in economic unit
VKT18: Exports and imports of services by economic activity and number of persons employed in economic unit
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Balance of payments methodology (Eesti Pank):
The methodological basis for the compilation of balance of payments and services trade data is the IMF Balance of Payments Manual (Version 6)
STEC (Services Trade by Enterprise Characteristics) Compilers Guide:
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Ministry of the Interior
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
In compliance with requirements
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
The type of survey and the data collection methods ensure sufficient coverage and timeliness.
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
Statistics Estonia does not publish the data until they have been published by Eesti Pank (70 days after the end of the reporting period). The data on the foreign trade of services are updated at Statistics Estonia on a quarterly basis, generally 71 days after the end of the reporting period. Upon the first publication of the statistics for the 1st and 3rd quarter, the data of the previous quarter are adjusted. Long time series (data on up to five years) are adjusted upon the first publication of the statistics for the 2nd quarter (in September) and the data for the previous year are adjusted upon the first publication of the statistics for the 4th quarter (in March).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are comparable with the data of other European Union countries.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
The data are comparable over the whole time series (2013–…). Due to the elaboration of the definition of the enterprise since 2018, there may be a redistribution of indicators between economic activities (legal entities belonging to the group may be consolidated into one enterprise).
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
The data in the database of Statistics Estonia are published using the EBOPS 2010 classification, the data in the database of Eesti Pank have been published based on the detailed records of annual services statistics published by Eurostat (based on EBOPS 2010).
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Cost of statistical activity 3.8 thousand euros (data for 2020)
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The revision principles have been coordinated with Eesti Pank. Upon the first publication of the statistics for the 1st and 3rd quarter, the data of the previous quarter are adjusted. Long time series (data on up to five years) are adjusted upon the first publication of the statistics for the 2nd quarter (in September) and the data for the previous year are adjusted upon the first publication of the statistics for the 4th quarter (in March). Eesti Pank submits all the revised data for the previous periods with the data of the new quarter.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Data on the exports of services based on VIES declarations (form VD, cell 5) are received from the Estonian Tax and Customs Board.
Personalised individual data of economic units and aggregated data of private persons on the exports and imports of services by type of service, collected and processed by the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia).
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 20901 “Business register for statistical purposes” are used.
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
Data on the exports and imports of services are received from the Eesti Pank (the central bank of Estonia) by e-mail. Data from Estonian Tax and Customs Board are received via an FTP-server.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
The data are validated by the data administrator.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
The data on services published in the database of Statistics Estonia are based on the data collected and processed by Eesti Pank. Eesti Pank uses a mixed system (surveys, cross-border payments, administrative system) to collect services data. The information is collected from enterprises on a quarterly basis.
See also: Methodology and sources for the compilation of the Balance of Payments accounts (http://statistika.eestipank.ee/failid/mbo/kv_mb2_eng.html).
The information is presented at current prices.
The data are only for economic units registered in Estonia.
The collected data are converted into statistical output. This includes calculating additional indicators. The share of enterprises not in the sample will be assessed by Eesti Pank (central bank of Estonia) with the help of data on cross-border payments and of statistical models.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.