Title of statistical activity: Vital events. Births
Code of statistical activity: 30206
- Metadata update
- Statistical presentation
- Unit of measure
- Reference period
- Institutional mandate
- Release policy
- Frequency of dissemination
- Accessibility and clarity
- Quality management
- Accuracy and reliability
- Timeliness and punctuality
- Coherence and comparability
- Cost and burden
- Data revision
- Statistical processing
1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.
Population and Social Statistics Department
1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".
1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
78 Tiigi Str, 50410 Tartu, Estonia
1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.
1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.
+372 625 8481
2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.
2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.
3. Statistical presentation
3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.
Number of births registered during a calendar year and distribution of births by demographic characteristics. The indicators are published in absolute and relative terms (as rates).
Live births by type of settlement, place of residence, month of birth, birth order, birth weight, gestational age and sex
Live births by mother’s and father’s age group, ethnic nationality, marital status, educational level and socio-economic status
3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.
Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)
International Standard Codes for the Representation of the Names of Countries (ISO 3166)
Classification of Ethnicities 2011
Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages (ISO 639-2)
National Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)
Country of Citizenship List
3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.
3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.
Age – the age of the person stated in full years at the time of the event, i.e. the age at last birthday.
Birth order – the biological live-birth order of a child to a mother, not taking into account whether the previous children are alive or not at the moment of registering the birth.
Child born from consensual union – a child whose parents are not legally married at the time of registration of birth, but who have defined their cohabitation as a consensual union. Does not coincide with births where the father has been identified.
Child born from legal marriage – a child whose father’s data on the birth record are based on the marriage record.
Educational level – person’s highest educational attainment.
Ethnic nationality – the data are based on the self-determination of the person. The ethnic nationality of the mother is taken as a basis for determining the ethnic nationality of the child.
Identification of the father – the basis for the filling of father’s data in the birth record. The father is not identified if the birth is registered on application by the mother and the father’s data is missing in the birth record. The father is identified if the birth is registered on the basis of the marriage certificate, court judgement on establishment of paternity, co-application of parents or application of the father in this regard.
Live birth – delivery of a live-born child, i.e. birth of a child showing evidence of life, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy.
Place of residence – the area or settlement in which the person resides according to the Population Register. The mother’s place of residence at the time of birth of the child is taken as a basis for determining the child’s place of residence.
Rural settlements – small towns and villages.
Urban settlements – cities, cities without municipal status and towns.
3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.
3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.
Births by women who are permanent residents of Estonia
Births in the given year registered in the Population Register
3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.
Estonia as a whole
3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.
3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.
Number of births
6. Institutional mandate
6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.
DIRECTLY APPLICABLE LEGAL ACTS
Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on European demographic statistics (Text with EEA relevance)
Regulation (EU) No 205/2014 of 4 March 2014 laying down uniformed conditions for the implementation of Regulation (EU) No 1260/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on European demographic statistics, as regards breakdowns of data, deadlines and data revisions
OTHER LEGAL ACTS
Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)
United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD)
7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.
The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.
8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.
Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).
8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.
8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.
All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.
10. Accessibility and clarity
10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.
10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.
10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.
The data are published under the subject area “Population /Vital events” and “Population / Population indicators and composition” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.
10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.
The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.
10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.
The data serve as input for statistical activities 30101 “Population”, 30203 “Vital events. Abortions”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.
10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.
Births: Definitions and Methodology
10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.
11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.
To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.
11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.
Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.
12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.
Ministry of Social Affairs
Ministry of the Interior
Estonian Institute for Population Studies
National Institute for Health Development
Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.
12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.
Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.
All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.
12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.
Use of administrative data ensures complete coverage and timeliness of data.
13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.
Using administrative data ensures data accuracy. If necessary, the data are completed and cleaned in Statistics Estonia using other administrative registers (Population Register, Register of Education).
13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.
13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.
In statistics, the births in which the mother was a permanent resident of Estonia are counted. As the required registered residence data are received from the residency index and Population Register, the number of births counted in statistics depends on the quality of residence data in the residency index and Population Register.
14. Timeliness and punctuality
14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.
Preliminary monthly data (initial numbers of recorded events) are published 20 days after the end of the reference month (T + 20), the yearly aggregated data – 165 days after the end of the reference year (T + 165).
14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.
The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.
15. Coherence and comparability
15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.
The data are internationally comparable.
15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.
The data are comparable over time.
15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.
Information about all vital events is collected on the same basis, so the cross-sectoral analysis is possible.
15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.
The outputs of the statistical activity are coherent.
Cost of statistical activity 20.6 thousand euros (data for 2018)
17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.
The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.
17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.
The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.
18. Statistical processing
18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.
Data on births registered in the given year are received electronically from the Population Register of the Ministry of the Interior. After the end of the year, data of the Estonian Medical Birth Registry received from the National Institute for Health Development are added to these data.
DATA FROM OTHER STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES
Data from statistical activity 30101 “Population” are used (to calculate the rates).
18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.
18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.
An extract from the Estonian Medical Birth Registry is transmitted to Statistics Estonia by the National Institute for Health Development, the authorised processor of the register.
Data of the Population Register are received via the X-Road.
Data of the Estonian Medical Birth Registry are transmitted via e-mail.
18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.
The data of live-born children and their mothers (personal identification codes and names) are used for data checking, cleaning and adjustment. If necessary, data accuracy is checked against the data in the Population Register and compared with data collected into the Statistical Database of vital events from previous events.
18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.
After data cleaning and validation and linking, anonymized source files are compiled, which are used for producing annual statistics.
18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.