Title of statistical activity: Formal education

Code of statistical activity: 40310

  1. Contact
  2. Metadata update
  3. Statistical presentation
  4. Unit of measure
  5. Reference period
  6. Institutional mandate
  7. Confidentiality
  8. Release policy
  9. Frequency of dissemination
  10. Accessibility and clarity
  11. Quality management
  12. Relevance
  13. Accuracy and reliability
  14. Timeliness and punctuality
  15. Coherence and comparability
  16. Cost and burden
  17. Data revision
  18. Statistical processing

1. Contact Individual or organisational contact points for the data or metadata, including information on how to reach the contact points.

1.1. Contact organisation The name of the organisation of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Statistics Estonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit An addressable subdivision of an organisation.

Population and Social Statistics Department

1.3. Contact name The name of the contact points for the data or metadata.

Kaire Raasik

1.4. Contact person function The area of technical responsibility of the contact, such as "methodology", "database management" or "dissemination".

Leading Analyst

1.5. Contact mail address The postal address of the contact points for the data or metadata.

78 Tiigi Str, 50410 Tartu, Estonia

1.6. Contact email address E-mail address of the contact points for the data or metadata.


1.7. Contact phone number The telephone number of the contact points for the data or metadata.

+372 625 8483

2. Metadata update The date on which the metadata element was inserted or modified in the database.

2.1. Metadata last certified Date of the latest certification provided by the domain manager to confirm that the metadata posted are still up-to-date, even if the content has not been amended.


2.2. Metadata last update Date of last update of the content of the metadata.


3. Statistical presentation

3.1. Data description Main characteristics of the data set described in an easily understandable manner, referring to the data and indicators disseminated.

Institutions of pre-primary, general, vocational and higher education by type

Nominal places in children’s institutions

Teaching staff of general and vocational education by age group and sex

Children in pre-school institutions by age and sex, enrolment ratio and school life expectancy

Students, graduates and dropouts in general education by type of study, location, sex, age, county and language of instruction

Enrolment in vocational education, admission and graduates in vocational education by type of study, sex, field of study, language of instruction; number of dropouts by level of study and type of study

Enrolment in higher education, admission, enrolment, graduates and dropouts by level of study, type of study, type of institution, field of study and sex; students studying in Estonia by country of residence and citizenship

Number of students in formal education per 10,000 inhabitants, enrolment by age, school life expectancy

3.2. Classification system Arrangement or division of objects into groups based on characteristics which the objects have in common.

Classification of fields of education and training 2013

International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011)

Type of owner

3.3. Sector coverage Main economic or other sectors covered by the statistics.

Formal education and pre-school education

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions Statistical characteristics of statistical observations.

Basic school – a general education school that provides the opportunity to acquire basic education. It includes grades 1 to 9. The concept does not cover schools for children with special needs.

Lower level of basic school – grades 1–6.

Upper level of basic school – grades 7–9.

Child with special needs – a child with a physical disability, speech disorder, sensory disability and/or mental disability or who needs special conditions, who is enrolled in a school for children with special needs.

Correspondence study – a study format where studies are organised in sessions and the emphasis is on independent work. The students are supervised and study materials are provided. The concept covers external studies.

Discontinuer – a student who discontinue studies before finishing the study program. The causes may be economic (incl. starting work), exceeding the compulsory school age, expulsion, illness, family or other similar reasons. The concept does not cover students who have left Estonia or died.

Evening school – a general education school for persons who have exceeded the compulsory school age. The primary study formats are evening study and distance learning.

Evening study – a study format where the studies takes place in evening time. It is oriented to working grown-ups who wish to acquire education while working.

Full-time study – a study format where studies take place during the day with the full study load.

General education school – an educational institution for acquiring general education, excluding evening schools.

Grade repeaters – students who are repeating a certain grade in a given academic year (incl. students who came from another school during summer vacation, but with the decision of the school staff council of the previous school had to repeat the grade). The concept covers students who had discontinued their studies, but returned to continue their studies in the next academic year. Also included are students who wish to enter a school requiring admission tests and who repeat a grade to be admitted to the school.

Nursery-primary school – a nursery school with primary education level. The number of students covers only the students enrolled in primary education.

Other institution with general education class(es) – a vocational education school that offers general education without specialization to some vocation.

Pedagogue – a person who is working at school in the field of teaching, including primary level and subject teachers, speech therapists, school directors, headmasters and their aids.

Primary school – a general education school that provides basic education up to 6th grade. The concept covers nursery-primary schools, but does not include schools for children with special needs, unless indicated otherwise.

Private school – a basic or secondary school operating under private law.

Rural school – a general education school that is situated in a rural settlement (a small town or village).

School for children with special needs – a school for children with a physical disability, speech disorder, sensory and/or mental disability or who needs special conditions. Compared to regular schools, adaptions and alterations are made in the study program, curriculum or the learning environment.

Upper secondary school – a general education school which provides opportunities to acquire general secondary education. Upper secondary school comprises grades 10 to 12, but may also include basic school grades. The concept does not cover evening schools or schools for children with special needs, unless indicated otherwise.

Upper secondary school level – grades 10 to 12.

Urban school – a general education school that is situated in an urban settlement (a city, a city without municipal status or town).

3.5. Statistical unit Entity for which information is sought and for which statistics are ultimately compiled.


3.6. Statistical population The total membership or population or "universe" of a defined class of people, objects or events.

Institutions that provide formal and pre-primary education


Estonian Education Information System: licenced educational institutions providing formal education, persons attending these institutions and the teaching staff

3.7. Reference area The country or geographic area to which the measured statistical phenomenon relates.

Estonia as a whole

3.8. Time coverage The length of time for which data are available.


3.9. Base period The period of time used as the base of an index number, or to which a constant series refers.

Not applicable

4. Unit of measure The unit in which the data values are measured.

Institutions – number

Students – number

Teachers – number

5. Reference period The period of time or point in time to which the measured observation is intended to refer.


6. Institutional mandate

6.1. Legal acts and other agreements Legal acts or other formal or informal agreements that assign responsibility as well as the authority to an agency for the collection, processing, and dissemination of statistics.


Regulation (EC) No 452/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2008 concerning the production and development of statistics on education and lifelong learning


Not available


United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), EUROSTAT

7. Confidentiality A property of data indicating the extent to which their unauthorised disclosure could be prejudicial or harmful to the interest of the source or other relevant parties.

7.1. Confidentiality - policy Legislative measures or other formal procedures which prevent unauthorised disclosure of data that identify a person or economic entity either directly or indirectly.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 32, § 34, § 35, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment Rules applied for treating the data set to ensure statistical confidentiality and prevent unauthorised disclosure.

The treatment of confidential data is regulated by the Procedure for Protection of Data Collected and Processed by Statistics Estonia: https://www.stat.ee/66485.

8. Release policy Rules for disseminating statistical data to interested parties.

8.1. Release calendar The schedule of statistical release dates.

Notifications about the dissemination of statistics are published in the release calendar, which is available on the website. Every year on 1 October, the release times of the statistical database, news releases, main indicators by IMF SDDS and publications for the following year are announced in the release calendar (in the case of publications – the release month).

8.2. Release calendar access Access to the release calendar information.


8.3. User access The policy for release of the data to users, the scope of dissemination (e.g. to the public, to selected users), how users are informed that the data are being released, and whether the policy determines the dissemination of statistical data to all users.

All users have been granted equal access to official statistics: dissemination dates of official statistics are announced in advance and no user category (incl. Eurostat, state authorities and mass media) is provided access to official statistics before other users. Official statistics are first published in the statistical database. If there is also a news release, it is published simultaneously with data in the statistical database. Official statistics are available on the website at 8:00 a.m. on the date announced in the release calendar.

9. Frequency of dissemination The time interval at which the statistics are disseminated over a given time period.


10. Accessibility and clarity

10.1. News release Regular or ad-hoc press releases linked to the data.

Not published

10.2. Publications Regular or ad-hoc publications in which the data are made available to the public.

Not published

10.3. Online database Information about on-line databases in which the disseminated data can be accessed.

Data are published under the subject area “Social life / Education” in the statistical database at http://pub.stat.ee.

10.4. Microdata access Information on whether micro-data are also disseminated.

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 33, § 34, § 35, § 36, § 38 of the Official Statistics Act. Access to microdata and anonymisation of microdata are regulated by Statistics Estonia’s procedure for dissemination of confidential data for scientific purposes: https://www.stat.ee/dokumendid/51669.

10.5. Other References to the most important other data dissemination done.

Data serve as input for statistical activities 21303 “Government finance”, 50101 “Regional development” and 50201 “Sustainable development indicators”.

10.6. Documentation on methodology Descriptive text and references to methodological documents available.

UOE (UNESCO-UIS/ OECD/ Eurostat) data collection manual

Gentlemen's agreement

10.7. Quality documentation Documentation on procedures applied for quality management and quality assessment.

Not available

11. Quality management Systems and frameworks in place within an organisation to manage the quality of statistical products and processes.

11.1. Quality assurance All systematic activities implemented that can be demonstrated to provide confidence that the processes will fulfil the requirements for the statistical output.

To assure the quality of processes and products, Statistics Estonia applies the EFQM Excellence Model, the European Statistics Code of Practice and the Quality Assurance Framework of the European Statistical System (ESS QAF). Statistics Estonia is also guided by the requirements in § 7. “Principles and quality criteria of producing official statistics” of the Official Statistics Act.

11.2. Quality assessment Overall assessment of data quality, based on standard quality criteria.

Statistics Estonia performs all statistical activities according to an international model (Generic Statistical Business Process Model – GSBPM). According to the GSBPM, the final phase of statistical activities is overall evaluation using information gathered in each phase or sub-process; this information can take many forms, including feedback from users, process metadata, system metrics and suggestions from employees. This information is used to prepare the evaluation report which outlines all the quality problems related to the specific statistical activity and serves as input for improvement actions.

Data from the Estonian Education Information System (as at a given date) are published.

12. Relevance The degree to which statistical information meet current and potential needs of the users.

12.1. User needs Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Ministry of Social Affairs

Ministry of Education and Research

Users’ suggestions and information about taking these into account are available on the website of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/statistikatood.

12.2. User satisfaction Measures to determine user satisfaction.

Since 1996, Statistics Estonia has conducted reputation and user satisfaction surveys.

All results are available on the website at https://www.stat.ee/user-surveys.

12.3. Completeness The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

Use of administrative data ensures complete coverage and up-to-date data.

13. Accuracy and reliability Accuracy: closeness of computations or estimates to the exact or true values that the statistics were intended to measure.
Reliability: closeness of the initial estimated value to the subsequent estimated value.

13.1. Overall accuracy Assessment of accuracy, linked to a certain data set or domain, which is summarising the various components.

Using administrative data ensures data accuracy.

13.2. Sampling error That part of the difference between a population value and an estimate thereof, derived from a random sample, which is due to the fact that only a subset of the population is enumerated.

Not applicable

13.3. Non-sampling error Error in survey estimates which cannot be attributed to sampling fluctuations.

Not measured

14. Timeliness and punctuality

14.1. Timeliness Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe.

The data are published gradually: 75–115 days after the end of the reference year (T + 75, T + 115).

14.2. Punctuality Time lag between the actual delivery of the data and the target date when it should have been delivered.

The data have been published at the time announced in the release calendar.

15. Coherence and comparability

15.1. Comparability - geographical The extent to which statistics are comparable between geographical areas.

This work covers international data transmission according to international methodology as well as domestic output according to national methodology. National data are geographically comparable. The methodology for international data transmission has been improved over time, so the data is not comparable to other countries throughout the times series.

15.2. Comparability - over time The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

National data are comparable over time. The methodology for international data transmission has been improved, so the data is not comparable throughout the time series.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

When comparing statistics with data from other sources, the differences in methodology should be taken into account.

15.4. Coherence - internal The extent to which statistics are consistent within a given data set.

The international and national output are based on different methodologies and are not comparable.

16. Cost and burden Cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

Cost of statistical activity 25 thousand euros (data for 2018)

17. Data revision Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

17.1. Data revision - policy Policy aimed at ensuring the transparency of disseminated data, whereby preliminary data are compiled that are later revised.

The data revision policy and notification of corrections are described in the dissemination policy of Statistics Estonia at https://www.stat.ee/dissemination-policy.

17.2. Data revision - practice Information on the data revision practice.

The published data may be revised if the methodology is modified, errors are discovered, new or better data become available.

18. Statistical processing

18.1. Source data Characteristics and components of the raw statistical data used for compiling statistical aggregates.


Not used


The following data are received from the Estonian Education Information System (EHIS): enrolment, graduates, discontinuing, grade repeaters, classes, teachers, educational institutions, foreign languages and curricula in pre-primary, general, vocational and higher education.


Data from statistical activity 30101 “Population” are used.

18.2. Frequency of data collection Frequency with which the source data are collected.


18.3. Data collection Systematic process of gathering data for official statistics.

Educational institutions enter data into Estonian Education Information System at the latest at the beginning of November.

The Ministry of Education and Research checks the correctness of the data and after validation the data is sent to Statistics Estonia.

Data from Estonian Education Information System are received via an FTP-server.

18.4. Data validation Process of monitoring the results of data compilation and ensuring the quality of statistical results.

The data are compared with the data of previous periods. All columns are checked to make sure that they have been completed as required.

18.5. Data compilation Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

After data cleaning, validation and linking, anonymized source files are compiled, which are used for producing of annual statistics.

18.6. Adjustment The set of procedures employed to modify statistical data to enable it to conform to national or international standards or to address data quality differences when compiling specific data sets.

Not applied

19. Comments Supplementary descriptive text which can be attached to data or metadata.

Not available