Labour market data are essential for planning the state budget and local budgets, and also as the input for strategic documents of the administrative fields of ministries. “Estonian Action Plan for Growth and Jobs 2008–2011” serves as an example of this, on the EU level “European Employment Strategy” may be brought as an example.
Employment of 50–74 year olds the highest in 10 years
According to Statistics Estonia, the employment of 50–74 year olds keeps growing. The number of employed people of that age group is the highest in 10 years.
The number of unemployed persons is falling in Estonia
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2019, the labour force participation rate was 70.8%, the employment rate 67.5% and the unemployment rate 4.7%. The labour force participation rate and the employment rate remained at a similar level compared to the same quarter of the previous year. The unemployment rate, however, decreased by 2.1 percentage points.
Labour market indicators have improved year-on-year
According to Statistics Estonia, in 2018, the labour force participation rate was 71.9%, the employment rate was 68.1% and the unemployment rate was 5.4%. The number of long‑term unemployed was the lowest of the last 20 years.
Older persons are becoming more active in the labour market
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 3rd quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate was 5.2%, the employment rate was 68.2% and the labour force participation rate was 72%. The unemployment rate remained low and is similar to that of economic boom years. The employment rate and the labour force participation are even higher than during the boom years. Employment of older persons is at a record high.
Unemployment decreased rapidly
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 2nd quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate was 5.1%, the employment rate 68.2% and the labour force participation rate 71.9%. The unemployment rate was the lowest in a decade.
Fiction publications hit a record
In 2017, the number of museum visits as well as cinema attendance exceeded 3.5 million for the first time. Theatres were visited slightly more than 1.1 million times. The number of printed fiction titles – 1,173 books – set a new record in 2017. The number of users of public libraries has, after a decline of some ten years, stabilised at 353,500.
Employment rate at record high in 2017
In 2017, the unemployment rate was 5.8%, the employment rate 67.5% and the labour force participation rate 71.6%. The labour force participation rate increased by 1.2 percentage points and the employment rate by 1.9 percentage points. The unemployment rate decreased by 1 percentage point. Employment and labour force participation remained high throughout 2017, reaching the highest levels in 20 years. The number of inactive persons continued to decline.
Activity in the labour market continued to increase
According to Statistics Estonia, in the 1st quarter of 2018, the unemployment rate was 6.8%, the employment rate 66.6% and the labour force participation rate 71.4%. Compared to the 1st quarter of 2017, economic activity of the population increased mainly due to an increase in unemployment but somewhat also due to an increase in employment.
Narva and other cities on the eastern border of the European Union
The survey of European cities provides a great opportunity to compare cities in different European regions. Without the survey, this opportunity would hardly exist. Three Estonian cities participate in the City Statistics survey: Tallinn, Tartu and Narva. In this article, Narva is compared to four cities of a similar size on the eastern border of the European Union.
Compilation of activity status based on register data
In Estonia, a methodology is being prepared for conducting a register-based population and housing census (REGREL) in 2021. As for census characteristics, the biggest number of databases are used for determining activity status. Estonian Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the best reference source to check the quality of register-based activity status. This article provides an overview of the compilation of activity status and the results of the comparison.
The question of occupation and source of income in population censuses
Occupation and source of income is a question asked in every census (and sometimes in sample coverage). The question itself and the purpose of the question have changed many times over the years. The specific occupational title has always been asked, but the results have been published in groups. What is essentially asked, the terminology as well as the grouping have been a constant discussion subject. This continues to be so, because effort is made to match the occupational titles recorded in administrative registers to the internationally and nationally published groups. The article provides an overview on how asking this question has changed throughout censuses and analyses the reasons for these changes.