In April trade decreased

news release no 88

According to Statistics Estonia, in April 2012, exports of goods from Estonia decreased by 7% and imports to Estonia by 4% at current prices compared to April of the previous year. Compared to the same month of the previous year, exports decreased already for the second month in succession, which is also influenced by the high comparison basis last year. Trade decreased also compared to March.

In April 2012, exports from Estonia amounted to 1 billion euros and imports to Estonia to 1.1 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 97 million euros and it slightly increased compared to April 2011.

In monthly basis or compared to the previous month, exports and imports increased during the first months of the year, but in April compared to March exports decreased by 5% and imports by 7%. The decrease in exports turnover was mainly influenced by the decrease in the dispatches of machinery and equipment, and imports turnover by the decrease in the arrivals of mineral fuels.

In Estonia’s exports in April, the biggest share was held by machinery and equipment (28% of Estonia’s total exports), followed by mineral fuels (incl. motor spirits, shale oils and electricity) (17%) and metals and products thereof (10%). The decrease in exports compared to April 2011 was mainly influenced by the decrease in the dispatches of fuels and machinery and equipment (down by 33% and 5%, respectively). The slight increase was mentioned in the dispatches of the raw materials and products of chemical industry (the growth rate 20%).

In April the biggest share of Estonia’s imports was held by machinery and equipment (26% of Estonia’s total imports), followed by mineral fuels (15%) and transport equipment (12%). The decrease in total imports compared to the previous year, was mostly influenced by a decrease in the arrivals of mineral fuels (down by 47%). Only the arrivals of transport equipment increased significantly (by 52%).

The top destination countries of Estonia’s exports were Finland (15% of Estonia’s total exports), followed by Sweden (14%) and Russia (11%). Compared to April 2011, the decrease in total exports was mostly influenced by the decrease in the dispatches to Sweden and the USA (down by 29% and 47%, respectively). Exports to Russia increased by 21%. Electrical equipment, wood and products of wood and furniture were the main commodities exported to Finland and Sweden, mechanical and electrical equipment and dying products to Russia.

The main countries of consignment were Finland (14% of Estonia’s total imports), Sweden and Lithuania (10% both). Compared to April 2011, arrivals of goods from Russia and Latvia decreased significantly (down by 57% and 31%, respectively). But arrivals of goods from Lithuania and Ukraine increased. Fuels were the main commodities imported from Finland and Lithuania, electrical equipment and transport equipment from Sweden.

According to Estonian Institute of Economic Research, the economic sentiment indicator, which reflects Estonia’s entrepreneurs’ and consumers’ confidence, has also shown a positive trend in the first months of the year. But in April the indicator deteriorated. The same indicator decreased in May besides Estonia also in Sweden and Finland.

Estonian trade by months, 2010–2012

Diagram: Estonian trade by months, 2010–2012

Main foreign trade partners of Estonia, April 2012
Country of destination,
group of countries
Exports,
million
euros
Share,
%
Change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
Country of consignment,
group of countries
Imports,
million
euros
Share,
%
Change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
Total 1 017.9 100 -7 Total 1 114.6 100 -4
EU27 658.6 65 -14 EU27 872.5 78 4
EA17 310.2 30 -11 EA17 396.9 36 13
CIS 136.6 13 20 CIS 139.5 13 -35
1. Finland 156.1 15 2 1. Finland 154.8 14 24
2. Sweden 137.9 14 -29 2. Sweden 115.8 10 -10
3. Russia 110.3 11 21 3. Lithuania 114.9 10 48
4. Latvia 82.8 8 16 4. Germany 114.0 10 4
5. Nigeria 61.1 6 23 5. Latvia 94.2 8 -31
6. Lithuania 49.3 5 15 6. Russia 80.4 7 -57
7. Germany 43.0 4 -5 7. Poland 65.1 6 -17
8. USA 37.5 4 -47 8. United Kingdom 39.3 4 31
9. Netherlands 35.1 3 93 9. Ukraine 38.8 3 -
10. Norway 29.4 3 13 10. China 34.2 3 -17

Exports and imports by commodity sections, April 2012
Commodity section by
Combined Nomenclature (CN)
Exports     Imports     Balance, million euros
million
euros
share,
%
change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
million
euros
share,
%
change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
TOTAL 1 017.9 100 -7 1 114.6 100 -4 -96.7
Agricultural products and food preparations (I–IV) 77.5 8 15 104.1 9 9 -26.6
Mineral products (V) 174.3 17 -33 166.9 15 -47 7.4
Raw materials and products of chemical industry (VI) 47.9 5 20 88.7 8 14 -40.8
Articles of plastics and rubber (VII) 31.4 3 10 55.7 5 16 -24.3
Wood and products thereof (IX) 82.8 8 2 29.0 3 8 53.8
Paper and articles thereof (X) 24.7 2 -9 19.3 2 6 5.4
Textiles and products thereof (XI) 27.8 3 -4 43.5 4 4 -15.7
Metals and products thereof (XV) 96.9 10 1 96.2 9 7 0.7
Machinery and equipment (XVI) 281.9 28 -5 291.2 26 -2 -9.3
Transport equipment (XVII) 50.6 5 -4 136.9 12 52 -86.3
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (XX) 67.6 7 0 22.0 2 24 45.6
Other 54.5 4 4 61.1 5 24 -6.6

For further information:

Riina Kerner
Analyst
Foreign Trade Statistics Service
Statistics Estonia
Tel +372 625 9377

More detailed data have been published in the Statistical Database.